Mathematics / Year 3 / Number and Algebra / Number and place value

Curriculum content descriptions

Recall addition facts for single-digit numbers and related subtraction facts to develop increasingly efficient mental strategies for computation (ACMNA055)

Elaborations
  • recognising that certain single-digit number combinations always result in the same answer for addition and subtraction, and using this knowledge for addition and subtraction of larger numbers
  • combining knowledge of addition and subtraction facts and partitioning to aid computation (for example 57 + 19 = 57 + 20 – 1)
General capabilities
  • Numeracy Numeracy
ScOT terms

Mental arithmetic,  Subtraction,  Addition,  Associativity

Interactive

The difference bar: generate easy subtractions

Learn how to split up numbers in your head. Use a linear partitioning tool to help find the difference between pairs of two-digit numbers such as 25 and 34. In these examples, the difference is always less than ten. Split the numbers into parts that are easy to work with, work out each part and then solve the original calculation.

Online

reSolve: Addition: Chess - The Rook

This lesson engages students in investigating place value and the addition and subtraction of numbers by exploring computation on the number chart. Students analyse the moves of a rook chess piece and how the value of the numbers change as he moves. This builds into an exploration of how the number chart can be used as ...

Online

reSolve: Algebra: Number Sequences

This sequence of lessons aims to build students' algebraic thinking through explorations of additive number patterns. Students are challenged to solve problems to generate patterns, explore strategies for addition and subtraction and apply their skills to constructing their own new patterns.The lessons are outlined in detail ...

Online

MoneySmart: Sal's secret

This is a year 3 mathematics unit of work about saving and budgeting for a class party. The unit is intended to take about 10.5 hours of teaching and learning time spread over some months. It consists of nine student activities supported by teacher notes on curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Student activities include ...

Online

MoneySmart: The house of needs and wants

This is a unit of work integrating aspects of the mathematics, English and science curriculums around planning a school breakfast. The unit was written for year 3 and is intended to take about 12 hours. It consists of 11 student activities supported by teacher notes on curriculum, pedagogy and assessment. Student activities ...

Downloadable

AERO Ochre Maths Year 3 Unit 2 - Exploring calculation strategies

This sequence of 15 lessons will teach students various calculation strategies.

Online

Patterns and number facts: Year 3 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 3 is for the topic of Patterns and number facts. Students extend and apply knowledge of number facts to 20 for addition and subtraction and extend to larger numbers. They demonstrate proficiency with multiplication facts for 3, 4, 5, and 10 and further develop their knowledge of related division ...

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Salute - Calculate

This game gives students opportunities to practise addition and subtraction strategies and develop algebraic thinking by finding unknown values in additive equations.

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Addition and Subtraction - Calculate

This game focuses on addition, subtraction and estimation. It can be played many times as the totals will often be different and the focus of the mathematics can change. There is a video included to help with how to play the game.

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Subtraction Strategies - Calculate

This game gives students opportunities to practice subtraction skills and to learn subtraction strategies, including the jump strategy, the split (or partition) strategy, compensation and the count-up to strategy (sometimes called the Shopkeeper’s method).

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Addition Strategies - Calculate

Regular practise of addition facts can help children build their confidence in maths.

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Addition Year 3 - Calculate

This activity is designed to see if students are able to apply their addition strategies in order to find the total of their collection of cards. Often students will have a method for adding two numbers, but when asked to add a list of numbers they revert to less efficient methods.

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Subtraction Year 3 & 4 - Calculate

This activity is designed to encourage students to develop and explain different strategies to solve subtraction problems.

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Park Ranger Problem Solving: An ‘Addition & Subtraction’ Rich Task for Years 3–4 - Calculate

The aim of this task is to provide a rich, contextual activity through which students can begin to explore the addition and subtraction of one- and two-digit of numbers in everyday contexts.

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Pattern & Algebra Year 3 - Calculate

The focus of this activity is to discover if students can use numbers to describe a pattern created with objects. We want to encourage students to record what they know about the pattern in a table and then use this information to help predict future terms and identify the rule or function for the pattern. At this stage, ...

Interactive

Sushi monster - iTunes app

The Sushi monster needs to be fed the correct sum or product. Choose to play the addition or multipliaction game. In the addition game select the two numbers that make the target sum. In the multipication game select two numbers to make the target product. This game has several levels. Free when reviewed on 12/5/2015.

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Work sample Year 3 Mathematics: Ways to make 18

This work sample demonstrates evidence of student learning in relation to aspects of the achievement standards for Year 3 Mathematics. The primary purpose for the work sample is to demonstrate the standard, so the focus is on what is evident in the sample not how it was created. The sample is an authentic representation ...

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Work sample Year 3 Mathematics: Clean our school

This work sample demonstrates evidence of student learning in relation to aspects of the achievement standards for Year 3 Mathematics. The primary purpose for the work sample is to demonstrate the standard, so the focus is on what is evident in the sample not how it was created. The sample is an authentic representation ...

Video

What is a fractal?

Do you know what a fractal is? Basically, fractals are never-ending patterns created by repeated mathematical equations. In this clip, Yuliya, a student at MIT (in the USA) describes the properties of fractals and shows you where they can be found in technology and nature. Have a good look at the world around you and see ...

Video

Musical fractions

Break down a song by counting how long the notes are in action! Learn about patterns in rhythms and musical notes, and discover the role of fractions in denoting whole, half and quarter notes and creating distinct sounds.