Mathematics / Year 8 / Number and Algebra / Real numbers

Curriculum content descriptions

Solve problems involving the use of percentages, including percentage increases and decreases, with and without digital technologies (ACMNA187)

  • using percentages to solve problems, including those involving mark-ups, discounts,and GST
  • using percentages to calculate population increases and decreases
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
  • Numeracy Numeracy
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • ICT capability Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capability
ScOT terms



TIMES Module 17: Number and Algebra: the unitary method - teacher guide

This is an 18-page guide for teachers. This module introduces the idea of ratios and rates.


Tax, Super + You

Tax, Super + You is designed to provide teachers and parents with practical resources to help students in Years 7-12 understand the value of tax and superannuation, and have confidence when entering the workforce. Registration for a free account is required to access the full suite of materials.


Different ways to pay

This lesson challenges students to explore the pros and cons of various payment options, how they spend their money, different consumer products and where to go for more information about saving money and debt. During the lesson, students investigate multiple payment options to choose those that suit their circumstances, ...


TIMES Module 20: Number and Algebra: percentages - teacher guide

This is a 15-page guide for teachers. This module introduces percentages and their many uses in science, commerce and measurement.


How does income tax work?

Gen Fricker makes income tax interesting! Learn about income tax - what it is, how it works and when you have to pay it. Easy-peasy! Then test yourself with ASIC Moneysmart's "Things to think about" classroom exercises.


BTN: What is the GST?

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a tax placed on things people buy with money or things people do for money. Can you name some goods and services that have GST? What about some goods and services that don't have GST? Find out when and why the GST was first introduced.


Big data, better hospitals

Overcrowding in hospitals is one of the biggest challenges facing our healthcare system . In order to reduce hospital waiting times, the Patient Admission Prediction Tool (PAPT) uses historical data to predict how many patients, and with what kinds of injuries, are expected to arrive at the emergency department each day ...


Australia's Trade through Time

Using an interactive timeline created by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, this Teacher guide provides 12 series of learning experiences that engage students in the analysis and interpretation of data about Australian trade from 1900 to the present day. Students study videos, tables, images and texts in order ...


The wide wide world of sports betting

This lesson explores the difference between perfectly predictable events (like the roll of a die) and less certain events (such as sports). Students investigate mathematically how sports bookmakers create odds to guarantee themselves a profit and pay gamblers less for a win than they deserve. The lesson is outlined in ...


Mathematics, moon phases, and tides

Through this activity, students will learn the relationship between lunar phases and tides, graphically plotting the tidal range versus Moon phase over an annual cycle for a selected Australian port, as well as determining the mean tidal range for each lunar phase. Students will then focus on determining the relationship ...


Shooting 3-pointers: Part 2

In this lesson, students conduct a statistical investigation, collecting and analysing data using percentages, and choosing efficient calculations and strategies. The investigation is communicated visually and verbally to the teacher and peers. Students reflect on feedback and consider revisions for the investigation.


Shooting 3-pointers: Part 1

In this lesson students are guided through solving a problem using mathematical modelling. Students are guided through the process of formulating a problem that can be solved using a mathematical modelling approach. A professional sporting context allows students to engage in a common basketball scoring move: shooting ...


Percentages - Calculate

In this unit, let’s look at how percentages are used in everyday life to compare changes in things and measure rates of change.


Financial Mathematics: Simple Interest - Calculate

This unit introduces the calculation of simple interest, as a starter for learning about compound interest. Students learn about a range of ways in which interest generally is used and applied in the real world and then use the formula for calculating simple interest to solve borrowing, saving and investment problems.


8N03A Percentages - Ochre Education

This unit of work focuses on percentages. Students practice writing one number as a percentage of another, including in financial applications; finding a percentage of a number, and finding the original amount that a percentage was of, given the result, including in financial applications; establish and use multipliers ...


Mathematical modelling (Number): Year 8 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 8 is for the topic of Mathematical modelling. Students use their knowledge and show proficiency in solving problems with rational numbers. They will apply efficient strategies and use digital tools such as a calculator, where appropriate and verify solutions to various problems.


Mrs Sim's Dollars and Sense - Calculate

This alternate assessment task focuses on calculating gross and net wages before and after tax; operating and solving problems using simple and compound interest; and making valid comparisons between total accumulated costs and the initial (principal) amounts of money borrowed or invested.


The Numberline

An interactive tool that can help students explore a number line, including points representing integers, fractions and decimals


TIMES Module 14: Number and Algebra: fractions - teacher guide

This is a 16-page guide for teachers that provides an introduction to fractions. It covers ordering, the four basic arithmetic operations, cancelling, writing in simplest form, the use of the area model for multiplication and the use of the number line for ordering, adding and subtracting. A history of the development of ...


TIMES Module 18: Number and Algebra: decimals and percentages - teacher guide

This is a 21-page guide for teachers containing an introduction to decimals and percentages. It shows how place value is extended to describe positive numbers less than one. It also explores how to represent decimals on the number line, compare decimals, undertake the four basic arithmetic operations with decimals and change ...