Science / Year 10 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Use and influence of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

People use scientific knowledge to evaluate whether they accept claims, explanations or predictions, and advances in science can affect people’s lives, including generating new career opportunities (ACSHE194)

Elaborations
  • describing how science is used in the media to explain a natural event or justify people’s actions
  • predicting future applications of aspects of nanotechnology on people’s lives
  • recognising that the study of the universe and the exploration of space involve teams of specialists from the different branches of science, engineering and technology
  • using knowledge of science to test claims made in advertising
  • considering how the computing requirements in many areas of modern science depend on people working in the area of information technology
  • considering the scientific knowledge used in discussions relating to climate change
  • investigating the applications of gene technologies such as gene therapy and genetic engineering
  • evaluating claims relating to environmental footprints
  • recognising that scientific developments in areas such as sustainable transport and low-emissions electrical generation require people working in a range of fields of science, engineering and technology
ScOT terms

Evaluation,  Reasoning,  Judgement

Video

Increasing threat of megafires

Many scientists believe we are already experiencing megafires and that they will continue to increase in the future. In this clip you will hear from Australian scientists at the forefront of fire research. Discover what they have to say about the causes, projections, and consequences of an increased megafire threat.

Video

Greenhouse effect tips toward climate catastrophe

Follow the carbon atom, the central character in this story about oil, as it is released as carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and contributes to the greenhouse effect. See how other events like melting glaciers amplify that effect and contribute to an increasingly overheated climate. Learn about what might tip us over ...

Video

'Water footprints' in food manufacturing

How much water does it take to produce a large packet of M&Ms? Watch as the 'water footprint' of some household products is presented and hear the concerns expressed about the methods used to calculate these footprints. Discover how an examination of the water used by the components of some manufactured foods has led to ...

Audio

Using genes to unlock the secrets of Tutankhamen

Tutankhamen was an Egyptian pharaoh who ascended to the throne in 1333 BC, at the age or nine or ten. His fame in modern times is due to the discovery of his virtually intact tomb in 1922. Since then, many questions have been asked about his life and ancestry. Listen to this audio clip to find out how genetic technology ...

Video

Plants and increased levels of carbon dioxide

We know that most plants use carbon dioxide to make their own food. So what might plants look like in 100 years if carbon dioxide levels continue to increase - will they become enormous and overtake our backyards? View the possible effects of changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide on plants and, in turn, humans and other animals.

Video

Arctic ice melt and sea levels

How might increased melting of Arctic sea ice affect sea levels? Watch this short clip to find out why scientists are concerned by the trend of shrinking sea ice in the Arctic.

Video

Fire management strategies

What role do fire-behaviour specialists and ecologists have in fire management? Watch this clip to find out about issues relating to fire management in Australia, in particular prescribed burning.

Video

Genetically modified food: divided perspectives

Imagine that farmers were able to droughtproof or pest-proof their crops. Manipulating genes in food can provide solutions to many farming and food supply problems. However, not everyone agrees on how this new technology should be used. Watch this clip to find out why some Australian farmers are divided on this issue.

Video

The Earth's warming

How might the Earth's warming affect humans in the future? In this clip some possible extreme consequences of taking no action on reducing greenhouse emissions are raised.

Video

Breast cancer: genes and inheritance

Discover an Australian woman's family history of breast cancer and the role of genes and inheritance in determining her own risk of developing breast cancer. Find out what she did to get off the breast cancer 'roller coaster'. Watch this clip to learn about the science behind the breast cancer risk and treatment of Angelina ...

Video

Science is everywhere!

Every day we draw on science knowledge. In this clip, hear scientists from a range of fields as they describe how they apply their knowledge of science to everyday activities. What are some ways you use scientific thinking to evaluate tasks, activities and information during your day?

Video

Polar bear survival

Do you know what is threatening the survival of the world's largest land carnivore? Watch this clip of a polar bear as it moves across the Arctic ice, and find out about what is happening in its icy world. The World Wildlife Fund's Margaret Williams explains the feeding habits and adaptations of the polar bear, and identifies ...

Video

Climate change and the rising sea level

What is the correlation between global warming and the rising sea level? This animation explains the link between the two and the consequences of a continual sea level rise. How are some communities combating this problem? Can you think of some other ways we could address this problem?

Video

Polar explorer observes Arctic melt, 2009

An Australian polar explorer describes his experience and observations of the Arctic following a three-month expedition around Greenland. Onboard Greenpeace's MV 'Arctic Sunrise' in 2009, Eric Philips saw at firsthand the conditions of the ice in the Arctic. Listen as Eric describes the changes he has seen after many yearly ...

Video

Aboriginal fire knowledge reduces greenhouse gases

Come on an eye-opening trip to Western Arnhem Land in northern Australia to find out how Aboriginal fire-control techniques are used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by thousands of tonnes.On the trip you will also find out how exploding ping-pong balls are used to create low greenhouse gas firebreaks at the right time ...

Video

Ancient DNA

What questions might be answered by the DNA of ancient fossilised remains? What mysteries of the past could be unlocked? Watch this clip and learn more about some fascinating genetic research taking place right here in Australia.

Video

Arctic sea ice

Can you imagine the Arctic without any ice? In this clip you will voyage into the Arctic and witness the shrinking of the vast sea ice. Scientists use animation to show how the ice has reduced over time, and predict how long before it completely disappears during summer months. Discover some possible implications of this ...

Video

Arctic ice melting

What do you think might be causing the big sea ice melt in the Arctic? Is it a natural phenomenon or is something else occurring? Watch this short clip to find out what scientists think is happening to the ice in the Arctic.

Video

Megafires

Are we approaching the 'age of megafires'? It might sound like something out of a sci-fi movie, but some scientists believe there is cause for concern. Watch this clip to find out how bushfires as we know them are changing. Discover why.

Video

Past changes, future lessons

Earth has experienced periods of dramatic climate change in the past, with the Eocene epoch a period of significant climate fluctuations. Watch this clip to find out how plants and animals were affected by changes to climate in the past, and how knowing about this may help us in the future.