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Science / Year 8 / Science as a Human Endeavour / Nature and development of science

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Science knowledge can develop through collaboration across the disciplines of science and the contributions of people from a range of cultures (ACSHE226)

Elaborations
  • investigating how knowledge of the location and extraction of mineral resources relies on expertise from across the disciplines of science
  • considering how advances in technology, combined with scientific understanding of the functioning of body systems, has enabled medical science to replace or repair organs
  • researching the use of reproductive technologies and how developments in this field rely on scientific knowledge from different areas of science
ScOT terms

Scientific inquiry,  Interdisciplinary research

Video

Recording climate trends

2013 was one of Australia's hottest years, with lots of heat records being broken. Dr Karl Braganza and his team at the Bureau of Meteorology are responsible for preparing temperature and climate data such as this, that climate scientists analyse. Why is it important to keep and study records about the climate?

Video

Seals help climate research

Discover how seals are helping scientists study Antarctica, polar regions, oceans and climate change. Scientists use Weddell and southern elephant seals to gather data and monitor the way currents move heat around the world's oceans.

Online

The Australian Museum Science Festival

Find out about some of the great things on offer at the Australian Museum Science Festival. View some of the workshops and experiments at the Australian Museum, Sydney.

Video

Microscopic pollen helps catch a criminal

An expert in plant pollen finds herself working in forensic science, helping police solve crimes. Find out how Dr Lynne Milne's knowledge of plant pollen was used in a criminal investigation. See how soils have a 'signature profile' based on the types and abundance of pollen.

Video

Eyeballing colours

Fiery red, cool blue and sunny yellow are phrases used to describe feelings associated with colours. But what actually is colour? Why is it there and what helps us to see it? Follow Chloe Sheridan as she unravels the complexity of seeing colour by delving into its physics and biology. She entered this video in the 2013 ...

Video

More than just floating around the ocean

Why do scientists research ocean conditions such as temperature and salinity? These things can tell us a lot about global climate and sea changes, which impact many people. This animation describes an international research program deploying robotic profiling floats (Argo floats) that collect ocean data. Discover where ...

Video

Diprotodon: fossils and extinction

When did Diprotodon die out? To answer this question, teams of scientists and volunteers are working together to excavate Diprotodon bones and study the landscape where they're found. Go on the road with Catalyst to the 'badlands' of South Australia and investigate the evidence behind Diprotodon extinction.

Interactive

Energy chains: energy use

Select energy sources and energy converters to build energy chains to power appliances and vehicles. Examine how each energy converter in a chain loses some energy and reduces the energy available for use. For example, show that using a solar panel and an electric motor to drive a car delivers only 16% of the original ...

Video

Geologists survey the Earth's crust for minerals

Follow geologists as they explore the rocks that lie beneath the Earth's surface. When possible, geologists explore caves in person. Other times they choose to drill or dig. See the devices they use to scan the terrain before they even start drilling or digging.

Video

Cancer - when the baddies take over

Cancer is a major disease in Australia and there are many different types, including leukaemia, and breast and skin cancers. View this clip to discover more about how cancer forms, why it occurs, and what cancer research is being done.

Video

Formation of ancient rock layers

Discover how our understanding of rocks has developed over time and the role played by mining. The way rocks are formed, and what they are composed of, tells us a lot about what has occurred on Earth in the past. Watch this clip to find out about the formation of ancient rock layers, and what we find inside very old rocks.

Video

Uncovering oil under Arabian deserts

Listen to concerns in the 1950s about predicted declining oil production in the United States. Hear about the discovery of the world's largest oil field in Saudi Arabia, described as a 'treasure trove of the Jurassic Tethys ocean'. Catch up with the carbon atom that is the central character in the story about crude oil ...

Video

A career as a geologist

Do all scientists wear white lab coats and work with chemicals? Watch this clip and discover how a career in science can take you soaring to dizzying heights. Find out what an exploration geologist does and why helicopters are used in the job. This clip will inspire you to consider a career in one of the many varied fields ...

Video

How old is our Earth?

Have you ever thought about how old planet Earth is? Watch this clip to discover the age of the Earth, and the fast and slow changes that have been happening since its beginning. Find out about English scientist Charles Lyell and how his observations shaped our understanding of the Earth's geology today. The enormous scale ...

Interactive

2024 Dreaming

Explore options for houses, work, food and transport in 2024 in this multimedia presentation from Radio National. A useful resource for stimulating discussion about applications of science and implications for society and the environment as well as current issues and developments in science. Gives examples of how different ...

Video

Genetics, inheritance and epilepsy

Explore genetics, the patterns of inheritance and disease-causing mutations. Find out about Gregor Mendel's historic pea-plant breeding experiments showing that traits are inherited in particular patterns. See how Australian scientists discovered the gene mutation responsible for a type of epilepsy.

Video

Fossils and the evolution of life

Have you ever wondered how scientists know when the early mammals appeared on Earth, or how long ago dinosaurs died out? Watch this clip to discover the role of fossils, and the rocks they are found in, in revealing the order and history of life on Earth. This clip takes you to fossil sites in Queensland; and to Shark Bay ...

Video

How big are extremely small objects?

Imagine how big you might be compared to an ant, a speck of dust, a molecule or an atom. Explore the world of the very small, and find out just what units scientists use to measure extremely small objects.

Video

Severe erosion in the Upper Murray River

Farmers along Victoria's Upper Murray claim that soil erosion on their properties is being caused by water released from the Snowy Mountains Scheme, a hydro-electricity project located in the Southern Alps. This clip from 2013 investigates the degradation occurring in an area where prime agricultural land is valued at 10,000 ...

Video

Radio pirates

Imagine life before mobile phones. In this 1973 clip from a Four Corners program, discover the lengths that many determined Australians were prepared to go to in order to communicate through the air waves from their cars and other locations. This was long before the invention of mobiles, video conferencing, social media ...