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Science / Year 6 / Science Understanding / Earth and space sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Sudden geological changes and extreme weather events can affect Earth’s surface (ACSSU096)

Elaborations
  • investigating major geological events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis in Australia, the Asia region and throughout the world
  • recognising that earthquakes can cause tsunamis
  • describing how people measure significant geological events
  • exploring ways that scientific understanding can assist in natural disaster management to minimise both long- and short-term effects
  • considering the effect of drought on living and non-living aspects of the environment
ScOT terms

Weather,  Earth movements

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Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre

This resource is a Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) web page that provides warnings to the Australian community of tsunami threats to Australia's coastline and offshore territories. These warnings are issued by the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre (JATWC) operated by Geoscience Australia and the Bureau. The resource shows ...

Interactive

Sites2See – earthquakes

Resources on the topic of earthquakes to help explore the human and physical dimensions. Links to maps and interactive activities on plate tectonics, with a particular focus on the Caribbean plate, the movement of which caused the devastating earthquake in Haiti in January 2010, and links to news and information about the ...

Video

Australian bushfires, past and present

How did firefighters fight bushfires in the past? Watch this short black-and-white clip showing footage of firefighters in action against the 1939 Black Friday bushfires. Find out about the challenge posed by the fires of today.

Online

Blue marble matches - activity

This is a resource for educators outlining practical activities that explore geological processes on Earth and how to identify geological features in images. It demonstrates how scientists use the Earth to gain a better understanding of other planetary bodies in the solar system through examining images of their geological ...

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Tropical cyclones

This is a Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) web page about tropical cyclones. The resource explains what tropical cyclones are and includes a diagram showing the parts of Australia where they occur, indicating which months of the year each region is affected. It describes the impact of tropical cyclones on Australia, using Tropical ...

Online

Natural disasters

This is a teaching and learning resource containing teacher resources, student activities and worksheets on Earth science topics including natural disasters and geology. The teacher resources include five pages of links to Earth science related websites. The collection of student activities covers a range of topics and ...

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About tsunami warnings

This resource is a Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) web page describing the system of warnings of tsunami threats to Australia's coastline and offshore territories. The resource explains the role of the Australian Tsunami Warning System (ATWS) project, and the Joint Australian Tsunami Warning Centre (JATWC) operated by Geoscience ...

Online

Tsunami lesson plan resources

The tsunami lesson plan provides teachers and students, especially in remote coastal areas, with an opportunity to investigate how tsunami happen and how to stay safe if a tsunami occurs. The downloadable PDF includes lesson plans. student assignments based on case studies, as well as background information on tsunamis, ...

Video

Centenary of Mawson's first Antarctic expedition

Dangerous, desperate and deadly! That is how the reporter in this clip describes the first Antarctic expedition by Sir Douglas Mawson, 100 years ago. Discover the challenges Mawson faced on the coldest and windiest continent on Earth, and find out about his invaluable contributions to science.

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Below Earth's crust

Imagine tunnelling deep, deep below the Earth's surface. What do you think you would find thousands of kilometres down? Watch this clip to find out what is inside the Earth, what it's made up of and how hot it is. Find out about earthquakes, volcanoes, and geysers, and how they help us to understand about the composition ...

Video

Predicting earthquakes

Will scientists ever be able to accurately predict earthquakes? Imagine the number of lives that could be saved if this were possible. Dr Maryanne Demasi joins a group of researchers drilling into one of the most earthquake-prone regions on Earth as they try to improve earthquake prediction to add precious seconds to earthquake ...

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Scientists in Antarctica

Explore the driest, windiest, coldest place on Earth. Discover why scientists flock to Antarctica every year. This clip explains how studying the tiny bubbles buried in the Antarctic ice can teach us about what the Earth was like long ago.

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Packing for an Antarctic expedition (1954)

Listen to scientist Dr Phillip Law describe the requirements of packing for a year's stay on Antarctica. See historic footage of packing the ship Kista Dan for the 1954 expedition to Antarctica. The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific research stations in the Antarctic ...

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Memories of Antarctic expeditions (1954 and 1961)

Listen as scientist Dr Phillip Law recounts his experiences of expeditions to Antarctica. See historic footage of travelling through pack ice. The clip features the Kista Dan (1954 expedition) and the Magga Dan (1961 expedition). The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific ...

Online

Earthquakes

You might not realise but the ground beneath us never stops moving. Only when the movement is sudden and powerful do we take note.

Video

New Zealand's earthquakes

Damaged buildings, flooded roads, and crashed cars! No, it's not a bad dream; it's actually the aftermath of an earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, in 2011. Find out about what causes earthquakes, the damage they cause, and why Christchurch was rocked by two quakes within six months. This clip includes footage of earthquake ...

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Preparing for a bushfire

How should you prepare for a bushfire? Watch this clip to discover how two different families prepared for the 2006 Victorian bushfires that hit their town. Find out how the children participated in the fire plan and helped keep their family and house safe.

Video

How high will sea levels rise?

Much of the world’s population will eventually have to deal with the consequences of sea-level rise, but the question is: how high will the water get? Dr Graham Phillips investigates how scientists are turning to the distant past to predict the impact of rising sea levels. Watch scientists explore 120,000-year-old coastlines, ...

Video

Fire management strategies

What role do fire-behaviour specialists and ecologists have in fire management? Watch this clip to find out about issues relating to fire management in Australia, in particular prescribed burning.

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Volcanoes and people

Imagine living in the shadow of a volcano? Well, millions of people do in Naples, Italy, where a massive volcano called Vesuvius exists. This clip explores the dangers posed by volcanoes and investigates some recent and ancient eruptions. Find out some misconceptions about volcanoes and discover how science is helping prevent ...