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Design and technologies / Year 9 and 10 / Design and Technologies Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Investigate and make judgments, within a range of technologies specialisations, on how technologies can be combined to create designed solutions (ACTDEK047)

Elaborations
  • examining factors influencing the design of a product that has an explicit environmental emphasis, for example the low-flush toilet
  • critiquing product manufacturing processes in relation to society, ethics, and sustainability factors, for example a mechanised entertainment system; an interactive multimedia product to teach a concept to a student in a country in Asia
  • critiquing the social nature of services, for example a signage system to manage students and community members during a school function (signs may include words, pictures and/or braille); organisational system for an aged-care facility
  • critiquing environments in relation to preferred futures in relation to society, ethics and sustainability practices, for example the refurbishment of a local playground; the re-design of a local wetland
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Design,  Engineering,  Deductive reasoning

Video

Could cyborgs really exist?

A cyborg is a human or animal body incorporating robotic or computer technology. Could cyborgs ever exist outside film or television? Watch this clip to discover how cyborgs, or cybernetic organisms, are already being used to treat medical conditions like colour blindness. What future applications might there be for cybernetics ...

Video

Could robots take nearly half our jobs?

Robots can clean your floor, cook your food, build cars or even go to war. Experts say that within 20 years there could be more robots on Earth than people. How many jobs will humans lose to robots in the future?

Video

Planning and researching projects

Listen as UNSW student William Frohlich talks about the process of problem solving. What does he say is a good starting point? Have you ever worked on a project and found yourself stuck on a problem you didn't know how to solve? What did you do? Next time you get stuck on a problem, why not use your research skills to try ...

Video

Meet the Robot Girls

Have you heard of Robogals? Meet some girl students that are building and programming their own robots. Did you know that women outnumber men at Australian universities but when it comes to courses like engineering, men outnumber women? That's something Robogals is trying to change!

Video

Tracking heatwaves in Australia

A database tracking the last 60 or so years of heatwaves shows that they are getting longer, more frequent and more intense in Australia. In this clip, climate scientist Dr Sarah Perkins-Kirkpatrick explains how and why. Overall, she describes that the biggest increase has been in the frequency of heatwaves in Australia, ...

Video

Developing robotic farm machinery

Increasingly, robotic technologies are helping improve agricultural practices. Watch this video about the development of a robot that replaces the need for large scale spray rigs on tractors. What was the problem that farmer Andrew Bate wanted to solve? And what was the research question he posed?  Andrew developed his ...

Video

Bubble engineering

Have you ever looked really closely at how bubbles stack together? Watch this video to find out why buildings that replicate the structure of stacked bubbles may be stronger and use less space.

Video

Biofuels – From Sorghum to Ethanol (video)

This is a video [6:05 min] about the production of ethanol from sorghum at the Dalby Bio-Refinery in Queensland. The video describes and illustrates the stages in the production process including milling the sorghum into ‘flour’; mixing the flour with water to hydrolyse the starch; adding enzymes to liquefy the starch (the ...

Video

Learn about Artificial Intelligence with an industrial robot

With the assistance of Baxter, the industrial robot, Raymond Sheh from Curtin University illustrates the benefits of Artificial Intelligence (AI), such as industrial automation, emergency response and even surgery. He also describes the challenges involved in developing it safely and even takes the time to provide a few ...

Online

Critical load

This lesson focuses on issues civil engineers face when designing a structure. The activity explores some concepts of structural engineering and how to measure the critical load, or the maximum weight a structure can bear. Students learn about basic structures, how to reinforce, materials selection, and working as a team, ...

Video

How to design and build a robot in six weeks!

Evan, a mechanical mentor for FIRST Robotic Competition's 3132 'Thunder Down Under', outlines the processes involved in designing, building and testing a robot in six weeks. What influences the team in their design and building processes? Can you think of anything else that might influence the design and build of the robot ...

Video

Smart Water - Precision Irrigation: video

This is a video (5:08 min) about the importance of water to a fully-irrigated 1600ha farming and wine-producing enterprise on the banks of the Murray River and the effectiveness of its fully automated irrigation system. The enterprise is Andrew Peace Wines and the system was developed by WiSA. The video iillustrates viticulture ...

Online

Salmon Growing in Tasmania

This is a unit of work on aquaculture with a particular focus on the Tasmanian salmon farming industry. The unit provides a series of structured investigations leading to a design challenge which asks students to create an improved salmon pen. Activities include: an introduction to aquaculture and sustainable farming methods; ...

Interactive

Thermal comfort – sustainability action process (Years 7–10)

This thermal comfort learning resource will guide students through an extended school based investigation. Students will develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and reflect on their success and their learning.

Image

Ruins of the Model Prison, Port Arthur, 1911-15

This is a sepia-toned photograph measuring 8.2 cm x 13.2 cm. It shows the ruins of the Model Prison at Port Arthur, Tasmania. A semicircular brick wall has three barred doors that open to exercise yards. A fourth door is open, showing another brick wall with steps leading up to the closed door of a solitary confinement ...

Image

Lawrence Hargrave with box kites, 1894

This is a sepia photograph, measuring 24.2 cm x 29.3 cm, of aeronautical inventor Lawrence Hargrave (left) and an unidentified man in Stanwell Park, on the coast between Sydney and Wollongong, New South Wales. They are assembling five box kites and joining them together, in preparation for using them to lift a man into ...

Image

'Gold digging in Australia 1852: bad results'

This is the first of a pair of oval watercolours, measuring 20.2 cm x 26.4 cm, painted by Samuel Thomas Gill (1818-80), a famous colonial artist. It shows two gold miners sitting dejectedly beside their mine, probably on the Victorian gold fields. Behind the men is a windlass, as well as their wheelbarrow, pick and spade. ...

Image

'Port Arthur during occupation, A.D. 1860'

This is a sepia-toned black-and-white photograph measuring 8.8 cm x 13.6 cm, taken from an elevated vantage point behind a cottage in the township of Port Arthur, looking across Manson Cove with its wooden wharves to Settlement Hill. It shows the Port Arthur Penitentiary (the large building in the centre of the image), ...

Audio

Ian Frazer describes medical research work, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of Australian medical scientist Ian Frazer outlining some of the joys and frustrations of a career as a medical researcher. One advantage, he says, is that researchers know that many people may benefit from the work they themselves are enjoying, but he warns against a career as a research ...

Interactive

Playground percentages

Help a town planner to design two site plans for a school. Assign regions on a 10x10 grid for different uses such as a playground, canteen, car park or lawn. Calculate the percentage of the total site used for each region. Use a number line to display fractions and equivalent fractions.