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John Howard, Prime Minister 1996-2007

This is a colour photograph of the Honourable John Howard, Australia's twenty-fifth Prime Minister. It shows him walking up the steps of the National Archives to launch a Gift to the Nation. The launch was part of the release of all of the World War I service records in an online digital format. Howard walks alongside the ...

Moving Image

Persuading a 'generous, open-hearted people'

The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 on the USA reverberated throughout the world. As far away as Australia, they shaped national policies and the rhetoric used to promote them. Explore the influence of these events on the 2001 Liberal Party policy launch, delivered by former Prime Minister John Howard.

Moving Image

Australia decides: monarchy or republic?

A constitution is the set of rules under which a country is governed. Do you know what a referendum is or what it means to be a constitutional monarchy or a republic? In 1999, Australian voters decided whether the nation would remain a constitutional monarchy or become a republic. Watch as ordinary Australians express their ...

Collection

The power of speech

Examine speech as performance in this collection. Investigate the use of rhetorical devices as you watch these videos of speakers, who range from Winston Churchill to Josh Thomas. In most instances, a rhetorical device is identified in each clip, but each clip may hold more than one device. See the PDF at panel 13 for a ...

The power of speech

Examine speech as performance in this collection. Investigate the use of rhetorical devices as you watch these videos of speakers, who range from Winston Churchill to Josh Thomas. In most instances, a rhetorical device is identified in each clip, but each clip may hold more than one device. See the PDF at panel 13 for a ...

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'Retreat from Baghdad' cartoon by Geoff Pryor, 2007

This cartoon by Geoff Pryor comments on the long-term effects of the occupation of Iraq by coalition forces. It shows US president George W Bush in a Civil War-era uniform being led away on a horse from Baghdad in the middle of a sandstorm. On foot are key Liberal Party members including prime minister John Howard and foreign ...

StillImage

Prime ministers of Australia

This website contains biographies of Australia’s prime ministers up to John Howard. Each biography includes information about the prime minister and his terms in office and includes major events and milestones, activities beyond politics and pieces of legislation implemented.

Video

After Mabo, 1997: A country's shame

The clip shows developments over the three-year period from the passage in December 1993 of the Native Title Act 1993 in the Australian Senate to the response to tabled amendments to the Act after John Howard became prime minister in 1996. It includes footage of the parliamentary debate and the main points in the legislation, ...

StillImage

Discussion paper - 'Towards a fairer immigration system for Australia', 1992

This is the cover of a 55-page paper titled 'Towards a fairer immigration system for Australia'. It states that the current immigration system is unfair to some groups and discusses how to guarantee fair access to Australia's immigration system. The paper was prepared by Andrew Theophanous and published in 1992. It now ...

Image

'Stop' cartoon by Simon Letch, 2007

This colour illustration by Simon Letch is about Australia's approach to refugees and immigrants under the prime ministership of John Howard. It depicts Howard as the Statue of Liberty holding up a 'STOP' sign at the entrance to Sydney Harbour. The Sydney Harbour Bridge and Sydney Opera House are in the background. This ...

Video

Anthem - An Act of Sedition, 2004: MV Tampa and September 11

This clip presents an interpretation of the Howard government's response to the arrival of refugees in Australian waters on the MV Tampa in August 2001. The narration states that John Howard had often used scare tactics for his political advantage and that the refugees were now to be used in a 'race election'. Views defending ...

Video

Big People, Small People, 1991: Social justice

This clip shows two different views of materialism and the desire for greater affluence. Cartoonist Michael Leunig suggests that one of the greatest human problems is recognising when enough is enough. The clip cuts to John Howard, then a member of the Australian Liberal Party opposition, who believes that a certain amount ...

Video

Four Corners - American Dreamers, 2003: A meeting of minds

This clip shows the close relationship between US president George W Bush and Australian prime minister John Howard as they express their views on Iraq and Saddam Hussein at a White House press conference on 13 June 2002. It begins with Howard affirming Australia's close friendship with the USA and focusing on Iraq's weapons ...

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'UnAustralia' cartoon by Fiona Katauskas, 2001

This colour cartoon by Fiona Katauskas is a reaction to an incident in August 2001 in which Afghan asylum seekers rescued at sea by the MV Tampa were denied entry to Australia. The cartoon shows a dilapidated ship crowded with asylum seekers approaching a pier where an elderly woman stands with outstretched arms, saying: ...

Video

After Mabo, 1997: Law stick

The clip shows the Howard government's response to the Wik decision of 23 December 1996 and Indigenous responses to the government's signals that there would be further amendments to the Native Title Act 1993. It shows part of the Aboriginal Land Councils' Wik Summit in 1997. Wik Elder Jean George calls for justice and ...

Audio

The Redfern address given by prime minister Paul Keating, 1992

This is a recording of excerpts from an address by prime minister Paul Keating (1944-) in the inner-Sydney suburb of Redfern on 10 December 1992. Keating outlines what he describes as Australia's failure to extend opportunity, care, dignity and hope to its Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. He declares that ...

Image

'Opening of the Free Chapel at Angaston, German Pass', 1844

This is a hand-coloured lithograph print of a drawing by George French Angas (1822-86). It shows a group of men and women, dressed in their Sunday best, picnicking on a slope in front of a small stone chapel in the hills of the Barossa Valley, South Australia, in 1844. The chapel is the only structure in an open woodland ...

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Michael Long, Victorian 'Local Hero' for 2006

This is a colour photograph of Indigenous activist Michael Long receiving a 'Local Hero' award at an Australian of the Year ceremony in Melbourne in November 2005. The acting Victorian premier, John Thwaites, is shaking his hand and handing him a trophy. Behind them is a large poster that includes government and corporate ...

Image

Michael Long at an Auskick promotion, 2003

This is a posed colour photograph taken on 13 May 2003 of the former Australian Rules football star Michael Long with students at Evans High School in the western Sydney suburb of Blacktown. It is an outdoor shot on a grassed area. Nine students, all but one of them girls, are dressed in yellow-and-green sports uniforms. ...

Audio

Trevor Smith discusses dealing with droughts, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of Trevor Smith, a wheat and sheep farmer in the Forbes area of central New South Wales. He explains what it is like being a farmer who has to deal with a prolonged period of drought. Smith tells of the financial strains on farming businesses and the psychological strains on individual ...