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English / Year 4 / Language / Phonics and word knowledge

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Understand how to use knowledge of letter patterns including double letters, spelling generalisations, morphemic word families, common prefixes and suffixes and word origins to spell more complex words (ACELA1779)

Elaborations
  • applying generalisations for adding affixes, for example ‘hope’ and ‘hoping’, ‘begin’ and ‘beginning’, ‘country’ and ‘countries’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example the prefix ‘nat’ means source, birth or tribe in ‘nature’, ‘natural’ and ‘native’
  • building morphemic word families and exploring word origins, for example ‘tricycle’, ‘triangle’ and ‘triple’
  • using knowledge of common prefixes and suffixes to spell words and explore their meaning, for example ‘friendly’, ‘calmly’ and ‘cleverly’ and ‘misfortune’
General capabilities
  • Literacy Literacy
ScOT terms

Spelling

Video

What's the plural for 'octopus'?

Do you know what the plural for octopus is? What about the plural for platypus? See if you can guess the plurals for both before you watch this video. What were your reasons for choosing the plurals you did?

Interactive

Syllabus bites: types of sentences

A web page resource with information, teacher guides and activities on types of sentences to support the Australian Curriculum in English K–10. It has detailed activities, links to resources and quizzes.

Online

A comparison of the effectiveness of two strategy tutoring programs for children with persistent spelling difficulties

This teacher resource describes a small-scale research study into the capacity of two strategies of one-on-one tutoring (Look-Say-Cover-Write-Say-Check and Old Way/New Way - Mediational Learning) to help primary school students with persistent difficulties develop effective spelling strategies. It is presented in nine sections: ...

Text

BBC Skillswise: silent letters - information sheet

This is a single-screen information sheet about nine silent letters - silent n, g, b, k, t, h, w, l and u. The information sheet includes a definition of silent letters and an explanation of their origin and how some came to be silent when in earlier periods they were pronounced. It provides three examples for each silent ...

Video

Words and sayings over time

Have you ever wondered where sayings like 'hanging by the skin of your teeth' come from? Professor Kate Burridge explains the origin and meaning of this saying. She also explains the opposite word (antonym) to 'misogynist' (someone who hates or has a long and deep prejudice against women) and the origins of the word 'goodbye'.

Video

'Bought' or 'brought' and radio code

Changes in the use, pronunciation, and meaning of common everyday English words happen all the time. Professor Kate Burridge explains that we can see this in the way people increasingly switch the past tense of the verbs 'buy' and 'bring'. She also answers a viewer's question about why 'Roger' is used on two-way and CB radios.

Video

The Aussie Accent: whaddya reckon, mate?

Imagine a world where everybody sounded exactly the same when they spoke. What might that be like? Are there 'good' and 'bad' ways to speak? In this clip, listen to the opinions of many people about whether Australians have a bad accent.

Video

English Year F with Leanne: Decoding unfamiliar words using onset and rime

In this lesson, you will learn how to decode unfamiliar words by breaking them up into onset (the starting sound) and rime (the ending of words). Leanne demonstrates how to build and read new words by changing the onset. She provides opportunities for you to have a go at home.

Video

Can you guess the mystery sound?

Join Harry Spellbound as he tries to win a prize on a game show called The Mystery Sound. Can Harry use the three word clues to guess the mystery sound? Can you?

Video

Wrestling the amazing silent letters

Mr Wren teaches wrestling, using lots of 'w' words. You might notice something amazing about the words Mr Wren writes on his board. They all begin with the letter 'w' but when Mr Wren reads them, you will hear a different sound. Find out what's going on at Wren's Wrestling School.

Video

Made in Australia

Ian the magician tries a trick with three pieces of silk. What will he make in his magic tube? Watch him carefully in case he makes a mistake.

Video

The word again, Mrs Boltcutter

Mrs Boltcutter has a sore throat. Her doctor needs her to say a word so he can find out what the problem is. In this clip from The Magic Bag, find out why Mrs Boltcutter has such trouble saying the word. Or was she playing a game after all?

Video

Think ink

This short animation shows some tricks with the 'ink' family of words. How many 'ink' words can you think of? Don't wink or blink, you might find a few surprises in this clip from The Magic Bag.

Audio

Different meanings for the same word

<span style="line-height: 1.4;">You've heard people speaking English with different accents, but have you noticed that the differences in accent come down to the way words are pronounced? Listen to this interview with linguist David Crystal and find out about accents and why the same word can mean something different or ...

Online

Creating change as a literacy coach

This teacher resource describes how a literacy coach made a substantial difference to students' literacy achievements, teachers' involvement in literacy strategies and whole-school culture at Allendale East Area School in South Australia. Organised in nine sections: Summary; Target student group; Method; Results; Lessons ...

Online

Making the links: literacy across learning areas in secondary school settings

This teacher resource describes a collaborative learning strategy sponsored by the Catholic Education Office of Western Australia to improve the ways literacy across the curriculum is perceived and taught. The strategy was implemented in up to nine schools and involved six mentor teachers, 70 teachers and 600 students. ...

Interactive

SpellingCity - iTunes app

Learn and practise your spelling, grammar and vocabulary with 10 multimodal spelling games. Build customised word lists and test yourself on your spelling. SpellingCity is a companion app for the www.spellingcity.com website. Free when reviewed 7/6/15.

Video

Vanishing words: the process of language change

The English language is full of strange contradictions and vanishing words. Have you ever wondered why we sometimes put words together that contradict each other, such as 'pretty awful' or 'terribly good'? If we can be 'ruthless', can we be 'ruthly' as well? Watch as Professor Kate Burridge explains these curious irregularities ...

Video

Challenging grammar rules, darlings and crowbars

Find out that what appears to be a straightforward grammar rule behind the use of the words 'fewer' and 'less' may not be as straightforward as it seems! Professor Kate Burridge explains that this grammar rule has been under challenge for centuries. She also explains the origins of the word 'darling' and why the 'crow' ...

Video

Are silent letters part of an evil plan?

The evil magician Wordlock explains his plan to destroy the alphabet with silent letters. Wordlock's assistant Miss Spelt tries to point out a problem with his plan. Will Wordlock listen to reason?