Science / Year 6 / Science Understanding / Physical sciences

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Electrical energy can be transferred and transformed in electrical circuits and can be generated from a range of sources (ACSSU097)

Elaborations
  • recognising the need for a complete circuit to allow the flow of electricity
  • investigating different electrical conductors and insulators
  • exploring the features of electrical devices such as switches and light globes
  • investigating how moving air and water can turn turbines to generate electricity
  • investigating the use of solar panels
  • considering whether an energy source is sustainable
ScOT terms

Electricity,  Energy conversion,  Electric circuits

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Energy chains: make electricity

Build up to six energy chains that make electricity. Select from different energy sources and choose energy converters to match. Examine the type of energy change that happens in each converter. Arrange the converters into the correct chain so that the energy can be delivered as electricity. For example, construct a chain ...

Interactive resource

Wiring: the series circuit

Investigate current flow in series electrical circuits. Explore the effects of switches and breaks in the circuit. Relate circuit diagrams to actual circuits. See how circuits can be modelled by water flow. This learning object is one in a series of three objects.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Energy chains: energy use

Select energy sources and energy converters to build energy chains to power appliances and vehicles. Examine how each energy converter in a chain loses some energy and reduces the energy available for use. For example, show that using a solar panel and an electric motor to drive a car delivers only 16% of the original energy ...

Interactive resource

Wiring: the parallel circuit

Add components to complete parallel electrical circuits. Explore the effects of switches on current flows. Relate circuit diagrams to actual circuits. See how circuits can be modelled by water flow. This learning object is one in a series of three objects.

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: It's electrifying

This comprehensive teacher resource explores the role of electrons in transferring energy in electric circuits through a series of collaborative inquiry-based learning activities. Investigations of batteries, light bulbs, switches, conductors and insulators develop an understanding of how battery-operated devices, such ...

Teacher resource

Primary Connections: Essential energy

This is an extensive teaching unit focused on learning, through a collaborative, inquiry-based approach, how different energy sources are used to generate electrical energy, which can then be transformed. It includes comprehensive lesson plans, as well as student handouts and other teaching resources, for eight structured ...

Interactive resource

Conductors and insulators in circuits

Test different materials for electrical conductivity using an electric circuit. Insert each of the four materials into the contact point in turn. Determine which materials are electrical conductors by noting which ones make the light globe glow. Record data for each material. Sum up your findings by answering the conclusion ...

Interactive resource

Electrifying concert

Set up wiring and stage lighting for a rock band. Add components to complete electrical circuits: simple, series and parallel circuits. Explore the effects of batteries and switches on current flows. Relate circuit diagrams to actual circuits. Test the direction that light rays travel. Assemble a spotlight and position ...

Interactive resource

Electrical conductivity

Test the electrical conductivity of four different materials by connecting them to an electric circuit. Insert the first material into the contact point to complete the circuit. Then observe the light bulb to see whether the material has acted as an electrical conductor and lighted the bulb. Record your results in a data ...

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Exploring energy for Primary

One page with links to websites with interactive resources, information and activities to support primary students investigating energy and the Climate Clever Energy Savers program.

Interactive Resource

Light sound action: student digital

This is a student digital resource that contains interactive materials relevant to a study of light, sound, and electricity. This resource contains a rich array of digital interactive activities, simulations, video clips, supportive information and notebook questions, and is divided into several parts including sections ...

Moving Image

How do solar panels work?

The Earth intercepts a lot of solar power: 173,000 terawatts. That’s 10,000 times more power than the planet’s population uses. So is it possible that one day the world could be completely reliant on solar energy? Richard Komp examines how solar panels convert solar energy to electrical energy. This TedEd animation (4:58 ...

Interactive resource

Light and reflection: light rays: shadow animals

Make shadows by placing a range of objects between a light source and a screen. Position shapes to make a shadow animal. Notice that shadows are larger when more light is blocked. This learning object is one in a series of six objects. Some of the objects are also packaged as two combined learning objects.

Interactive resource

Electromagnetism: magnetic fields

Investigate the magnetic field surrounding an electromagnet. Use a compass to find the direction of the field at different places. See how field lines can be used to map the field’s strength and direction. Vary the current through an electromagnet and observe how this affects the field. For example, notice that there are ...

Interactive Resource

Energy use and efficiency – sustainability action process (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focussed on energy use and efficiency using the five step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate ...

Teacher resource

Backyard Science: circulating charges

This resource, including student videos, provides opportunities for students to investigate the movement of electricity through electrical circuits. Students explore different ways to form a closed circuit to light a bulb, and classify materials as conductors or non-conductors (insulators) of electricity. Students research ...

Interactive Resource

Syllabus bites: Electricity

This resource is designed to support science teachers in addressing concepts in electricity in the BOS NSW Syllabus for the Australian Curriculum in Science - Stage 3. Making decisions about the use of electricity is approached from an understanding of circuits, sources and sustainability.

Interactive resource

How a rheostat works

Find out how a rheostat may be used to control the current in an electric circuit. Explore two differently designed rheostats in your investigation: a dial rheostat and a slider rheostat. Connect the dial rheostat into the electric circuit, adjust the knob and note the brightness of the light bulb. Do this for three variations ...

Interactive resource

Light and reflection: light rays: seeing through walls

Investigate whether light rays can travel around corners. Rotate circular walls, each of which has a single opening. Position the walls so that light from a central bulb can be seen by a person outside the walls. Notice whether light always travels in a straight line. This learning object is one in a series of two objects. ...

Interactive Resource

Sustainability action process: Thermal comfort (Years 3–6)

This resource guides students through an extended school-based or local investigation focused on thermal comfort using the five-step sustainability action process. The resource supports the investigation of a real-world issue or problem. Students develop and implement a chosen sustainability action and then evaluate and ...