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Listed under:  History  >  World history  >  Australian history
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Federation

Federation is the process by which six partly self-governing British colonies decided to form a new nation. Australia was created by peaceful means as an Act of the British Parliament—the result of much consideration and debate. This webpage provides a series of resources examining the path to federation. The page includes ...

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Rogue nation, 2009: NSW in 1819, convict gulag or place of opportunity?

This clip is an excerpt from the 2009 documentary 'Rites of passage', the second of a two-part series entitled 'Rogue nation'. The clip begins with historian Michael Cathcart providing contextual information about England in the early 1800s. He says that in the midst of the industrial revolution, millions of people were ...

Online

Journeys to Australia

This unit presents a learning sequence for Year 6 students to develop their historical inquiry skills by investigating the key immigration policies and programs Australia has implemented, identifying a range of reasons for migration, highlighting key events from post Federation to present day.

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Race, rights & rivalries

This resource explores the history of Broome and the rich multicultural community that supported its pearling industry. The site features a virtual museum providing a range of primary source material including photographs, newspaper extracts, historical documents, video and audio recordings. The site explores the history ...

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Victorian Heritage Database

This is a rich, interactive resource that lists Victoria’s most significant heritage: places, objects, shipwrecks and archaeological sites. It has four main sections: Introduction; Explore heritage map; Recommended tours; and Timeline browser. The Explore heritage map searches for sites and provides information and images ...

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Two convicts steal a place in history, 2009

'Two convicts steal a place in history' is a video excerpt from the documentary 'Rites of Passage' - the second episode of the two-part series entitled 'Rogue Nation' produced in 2009. In this clip, two soldiers in colonial NSW steal a piece of cloth with the intention of getting caught. In 'Rogue Nation' historian Michael ...

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Immigration: fill it or lose it, 1992

This video clip looks at the political forces and propaganda campaigns that tried to fill Australia with 'pure white' immigrants. 'Immigration: fill it or lose it' is an excerpt from the documentary 'Admission impossible' (54 min), produced in 1992. For much of the 20th century, successive Australian governments pursued ...

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William Wentworth: 'currency lad', 2009

This video clip focuses on William Wentworth, the colonial-born son of a convict, destined to become a loud charismatic press baron, publicist, barrister and patriot. 'William Wentworth: "currency lad"' is an excerpt from the documentary 'Rites of Passage' - the second episode of the two-part series entitled 'Rogue Nation' ...

Interactive

Botany of Kamay

This resource explores the plants of Kamay Botany Bay – their significance to the Aboriginal people of Kamay, and to the botanists on the Endeavour in 1770. This resource is one part of the 'Endeavour – eight days in Kamay' resource.

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Stanley Melbourne Bruce, prime minister 1923-29

This is a black-and-white photograph of Stanley Melbourne Bruce, Australia's eighth prime minister. The photograph shows him wearing a white shirt with a tie and waistcoat. He is facing to one side of the camera.

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Bob Hawke, prime minister 1983-91

This is a black-and-white photograph of Robert James Lee Hawke, Australia's twenty-third prime minister. This official portrait shows him mid-speech.

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Harold Holt, prime minister 1966-67

This is a black-and-white photograph of Harold Holt, Australia's seventeenth prime minister. It shows him alongside Lyndon Baines Johnson, the first US president to visit Australia, and 'First Lady' Lady Bird Johnson in October 1966.

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Joseph Lyons, prime minister 1932-39

This is a black-and-white photograph of Joseph Lyons, Australia's tenth prime minister. The photograph shows him wearing a white shirt with a tie and waistcoat. He is facing towards the camera.

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William McMahon, prime minister 1971-72

This is a black-and-white photograph of William McMahon, Australia's twentieth prime minister. It is an official photograph taken when he was treasurer.

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John Howard, Prime Minister 1996-2007

This is a colour photograph of the Honourable John Howard, Australia's twenty-fifth Prime Minister. It shows him walking up the steps of the National Archives to launch a Gift to the Nation. The launch was part of the release of all of the World War I service records in an online digital format. Howard walks alongside the ...

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George Reid, prime minister 1904-05

This is a black-and-white photograph of George Reid, Australia's fourth prime minister, which introduces a range of online material about his life and career. The photograph is an official portrait. It shows him wearing a white shirt with a white tie and vest. He is looking away from the camera.

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William Morris Hughes, prime minister 1915-23

This is a black-and-white photograph of William Morris Hughes, Australia's seventh prime minister. The photograph shows him wearing a white shirt with a tie and sporting a moustache. He is facing the camera.

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Robert Menzies, prime minister 1939-41, 1949-66

This is a black-and-white photograph of Robert Menzies, Australia's twelfth prime minister. It shows him wearing a suit as he poses for his official photograph.

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James Scullin, prime minister 1929-32

This is a black-and-white photograph of James Scullin, Australia's ninth prime minister. He is directly facing the camera.

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John Curtin, prime minister 1941-45

This is a black-and-white photograph of John Curtin, Australia's fourteenth prime minister. It shows him facing towards the camera in an official photograph.