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Listed under:  Science  >  Matter  >  Chemical compounds
Moving Image

Make a lava lamp model using oil and water

Imagine making your very own lava lamp using materials from your kitchen and bathroom. Watch the Surfing Scientist team show you how it can be done, then try and figure out why it works.

Interactive resource

Mine rescue

Rescue three miners trapped by fire. Select and test gases to find out which gas will put out the fire and which gas the miners can breathe.


VisChem topic 10: reactions of carbon compounds

This web page contains animations showing reaction mechanisms for organic substitution, addition and elimination reactions. For most reactions there are two animations, one showing molecular models, and the other showing structural formulas with movement of electrons as bonds are rearranged.

Moving Image

Carbon dioxide and the oceans

This is a colour video clip describing how carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels are increasing global temperatures and causing acidification of the oceans. It features two New Zealand scientists, hydrologist Dr Dave Campbell of the University of Waikato, who talks about atmospheric water vapour, and ...

Interactive Resource

Composition of inhaled and exhaled air

This resource consists of 2 sets of automated illustrated slides with voice over presenting information about how the process of respiration changes the composition of gases present in inhaled and exhaled air. The second set demonstrates experiments to show that carbon dioxide and water vapour are exhaled.

Interactive Resource

Change of state – water

Students use this short resource consisting of five slides with diagrams, written explanation and voice-over to demonstrate that water can exist on either of three states: solid, liquid or gas depending on its temperature. It defines melting and boiling points. There is a two-question quiz and a summary slide.

Interactive resource

Slime emergency

Restart the engine of a spaceship. Identify four materials that can be used as a liquid fuel. Test the state of materials at different temperatures.

Interactive resource

Going down and burning up

Bring the Hubble Telescope back to Earth for repairs. Build a heat shield to protect the space telescope from burning up. Choose a material that will not easily burn, melt or transfer heat.

Interactive resource

pH: what is pH?

Test solutions to find whether they are acidic, basic or neutral. Arrange them in order of acidity. Measure the pH of solutions using universal indicators and a pH meter. Identify mystery liquids by measuring their pH. For example, identify the liquid in a car battery as an acid. Remember, all acids and bases including ...

Interactive resource

Types of matter: compounds and mixtures

Select samples from an outdoor setting. Magnify the substances to atomic level so that the particles they consist of can be seen. Sort the substances into groups based on how many types of molecules they contain. Classify the substances as pure compounds or mixtures. For example, classify water as a pure compound and coffee ...

Assessment resource

Metal munchers: assessment

Assess your ability to make predictions and explain your observations. Protect a spaceship from metal-munching aliens by identifying metals to feed to them. Perform tests on a range of everyday materials to discover which are metals. For example, test whether wool will conduct electricity. Explain which tests are most useful ...

Teacher resource

Chemical reactions and organic compounds: teacher resource

This teacher resource provides a range of possible activities that cover aspects of the science continuum for the flow of energy and flow of matter in an ecosystem. This teaching resource provides a range of classroom activities that explore the concept of the flow of energy and flow of matter in an ecosystem, specifically ...

Teacher resource

Chemical reactions and organic compounds: learning sequence

In this structured sequence of learning, there are five teaching and learning sessions that include example stimulus questions, images, interactive simulations, video footage and experiments. Chemical reactions and some formulas of organic compounds are introduced to students. Activities investigate chemical bonds and the ...


Rinso: 'Then came happiness', 1931 - asset 1

This is the opening sequence of a black-and-white 'talkies' advertisement featuring Rinso soap powder. It was made in 1931 and follows the form of a domestic drama in which the life of a worn-out housewife is transformed by a new washing powder. The segment begins with a title screen: 'Then Came Happiness. Hawkins Film ...


Water de-salting kit, 1944

This is a water de-salting kit manufactured from resin, plastic and paper by Permutit Company, USA, in 1944. The kit comprises a lidded rectangular tin with printed text, a paper bag containing mending tape, a plastic drinking bladder and five paper-wrapped rectangular blocks of salt-removing chemicals. White twine has ...


Centrifugal pump motor - MMBW Spotswood Sewerage Pumping Station, 1938

This is an electric pump motor made by the British General Electric Company, serial no. C20628, 400 horsepower, 440 volt. It is 1720 mm high, 1355 mm long and 1153 mm wide. This equipment forms part of the Spotswood Pumping Station Collection at Museum Victoria.


Drawing water from a tank on St Margaret Island, c1914

This is a black-and-white photograph showing two unknown men getting water out of a raised tank on Margaret Island. Next to them is a draughthorse hooked up to a dray, or cart, with some large wooden vessels onboard. Behind them is an Alston windmill. A large farm dog is watching the proceedings. This image was collected ...


'Save Water!' card published by City West Water, c1996-2004

This is a card published and distributed by City West Water around the period from 1996 to 2004. It is blue, oval in shape and has a hole at the centre top so that it can fit over a hook or door handle. The lettering on the card says 'Save water! Cut your shower time from 7 to 4 minutes and you could save over 25,000 litres ...


Melbourne Water's Winneke Treatment Plant calendar, 2007

This is the cover of Melbourne Water's 2007 calendar. It features a child's colourful painting of a tree growing in cracking earth, with a burning sun in the backgound. The name of the Winneke Treatment Plant appears at the bottom left. The calendar is part of the Water Smart Home Collection at Museum Victoria. It is 218 ...


'Water saving rules' envelope published by the Victorian Government, 2004

This envelope and its contents, which included a brochure and magnet, are educational material about saving water published by the Victorian Government in 2004. Text on the envelope states: 'Important: Victorian Government Announcement'. Boxed text over a graphic of a hand in a 'stop!' position reads: 'Follow the five new ...