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Assessment

Year 4 history assessment - First contacts: A First Fleet story

This is an assessment package that uses the Year 4 Australian Curriculum history achievement standard to gather evidence about how well students have demonstrated what they know, what they understand and what they can do in relation to the topic 'First Contacts'. Students use historical sources to research the life of an ...

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Life on the land

This is a resource about life on the land in Australia in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. It includes details about land grants allocation, the establishment of Australia's first farms, the condition of the land, the processes used to farm the land, and case studies about the early farming families in Australia. The ...

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Australian Agricultural Company

This is a resource about the Australian Agriculture Company, Australia's oldest company, from its establishment in 1824 to the 20th century. It includes details about the initial purpose of the company, the key figures and families involved, the important decisions and the development of Australia's agriculture industry. ...

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William Buckley

This is a website about William Buckley, an infamous convict that arrived in Victoria from England in 1803 and escaped European settlement. The resource presents: Buckley’s life after he escaped from settlement: details of the 32 years he spent with the Wathaurang people: and depicts his meeting with the colonising party, ...

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Journey’s end

This is website about emigrants arriving by boat to Victoria in the 19th and early 20th century. The resource has three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are 21 Story Objects, including a video and images with captions that depict the journey and way of life at this ...

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Billy Blue

In this learning activity, students examine images of Billy Blue, a convict who was transported to New South Wales, and use the template provided to write his life story focusing on historical perspective and empathy.

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Female convicts in the First Fleet

In this activity, students use diary entries made by Arthur Bowes Smyth (1750 - 1790), the surgeon aboard the first Fleet ship Lady Penrhyn. Arthur Bowes Smyth's journal contains the names of 109 female convicts listing their crimes and the length of their punishment. Students select one convict and formulate historical ...

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Creating computer games

How are computer games made? Find out about the skills and knowledge required to create a computer game in this video. What are some of the roles of the people interviewed? See if you can find out more about what kind of skills and knowledge might be required in each role.

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Convict life in The Rocks, Sydney

Discover in this audio file what life was like for the convicts who first arrived in Sydney. Associate Professor Grace Karskens explains that, contrary to popular opinion, most convicts were not confined to gaol or work gangs. Many convicts settled in the Rocks area in their own houses and were able to conduct a normal ...

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Blood, sweat and stones: convict builders

Visit a working farm in Tasmania that uses buildings made by convict workers in the early 1800s. See the stones they carried and the tools they used. Find out how farm work has changed since colonial times. This clip is one in a series of four.

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A view of Australia's identity and immigration

How have the convict era and immigration influenced Australia's view of itself? In this clip from an audio interview, journalist Geraldine Doogue interviews historian John Hirst. They discuss his views about convict heritage, national character, the White Australia policy, racism, and recent immigration, refugee and and ...

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Don't walk in these convict shoes

You might think being transported to the other side of the world to serve years of hard labour was enough punishment. But convicts sent to Australia in the early 1800s were also subject to various forms of torture if they didn't do exactly what they were told. Join Michelle Hetherington from the National Museum of Australia ...

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A flogging for a pair of boots

Times were tough for prisoners in Britain in the 1800s. People were 'transported' for committing even minor crimes. In the colonies, conditions for convicts were harsh and punishments were even worse. This clip is one in a series of four.

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

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Significant Individuals - Governor Macquarie

In this sequence of two learning activities, explore the life of Governor Macquarie as a significant person in history. Students examine events, people, politics economics, social structures and settlement patterns of the colonial period. Video content and links to the State Library of NSW's artefacts are used to support ...

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My Place - Episode 20: 1818: Charles, The convict

Charles brings Liam some bread but only agrees to bring boots if Liam agrees to help him finish the fence. Liam tells Charles the story of how he ended up as a convict and of his dreams for the future.

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William Cuffay: 'Fellow slaves'

How did William Cuffay's link with slavery help him become such an influential campaigner for civil rights? This extract from a radio program 'The Isle of Denial: William Cuffay in Van Diemen's Land' explores similarities between convict transportation and slavery and the conditions of the British working class.

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Governor Arthur Phillip's order to kill

How did Arthur Phillip, first governor of the colony of NSW - a man committed to peaceful and harmonious relations with Aboriginal Australians - come to authorise the first officially sanctioned killing of Aboriginal people? This clip re-enacts the fatal spearing in September 1790 of Gov. Phillip's gamekeeper John McIntyre, ...

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Cascades Female Factory

The Cascades Female Factory was both a prison and a factory for female convicts in early Hobart. It was a place where convict women were forced to undertake labour in slave-like conditions to support the fledgling colony. Learn what life at the Female Factory was like for the inmates. What sort of work did the women do? ...

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What letters and land titles tell us of the past

How do historians determine whether information about the early years of colonial life in Australia is reliable? Many official and personal documents have survived to tell us about this period in Australia's history. Listen to a diary account about a surgeon (doctor) visiting sick convict labourers in chains. This clip ...