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Listed under:  War  >  Domestic war effort
Video

Equipment, more equipment! WW II

How could Australians at home contribute to military success in Africa and Europe during World War II? In this clip from a wartime Movietone newsreel, former Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes explains the challenges facing the 2nd Australian Imperial Force in 1941. He implores Australians to contribute to the manufacture ...

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Getting around town during the war years

During a fuel crisis, how do most people get around? In Australia during World War II, fuel was rationed (restricted so that people could buy only limited amounts), as it was in very short supply. Car parts were also in limited supply, so they were hard to replace. Hear some accounts of that time and watch footage from ...

Video

Australian children during World War II

What was life like for Australian children during World War II? From 1939 to 1945 Australia was at war. After Japan entered the war in 1941, this conflict became a total war, which affected almost everyone and almost every aspect of life in Australia. Listen to two people who lived through this time sharing their memories ...

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End-of-war celebrations, Sydney, 1945

Have you ever wondered what the end of World War II meant to Australians in 1945? Discover what it was like for those on the streets of Sydney just an hour after the announcement that war in the Pacific was over. Listen to ABC reporter Talbot Duckmanton describe the scenes of jubilation as he broadcasts live from the ABC's ...

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US soldier and air-raid shelter, Brisbane, 1942

This colour photograph taken in May 1942 shows a US army officer posing at the entrance of an underground air-raid shelter in Brisbane. The photo was taken in the grounds of Somerville House, an exclusive girls' boarding school requisitioned by the US forces in the Second World War as one of their headquarters in Brisbane. ...

Audio

Townsville air raid, 1942

Australia has never been invaded. Nevertheless, isolated attacks on Australian soil have killed and injured hundreds of people, destroyed property, and made many people fearful of a large-scale invasion. In July 1942, Japanese aircraft attacked Townsville, Queensland, bombing the wharf and the surrounding area. This audio ...

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To our last shilling: The Australian Parliament and World War I

This is an interactive website including videos, written information and primary sources about the role of the Australian Parliament in World War I. This resource supports the year 9 Australian History Curriculum. It contains interviews with a prominent Australian historian and supporting primary sources exploring the themes ...

Video

London 1942

This is a film about the effects of the World War II on London and Londoners in 1942. It shows London as the organising hub of the 20 Allied nations at war, with new life and growing strength arising amid the ruins of the Blitz. Londoners are seen serving in the Home Guard and the civilian defence, fire-watching, growing ...

Video

British News No 3

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities in June and July 1940, before and after the French surrender and armistice of 22 and 25 June, during World War II (1939-45). It contains nine segments: Man That Fortress; Canadian Destroyers in England; Irish Unity; B.E.F. Reequipped; Royalty ...

Video

Rations and coupon shopping

Discover what it was like to go shopping in Australia during World War II. See how people in the 1940s had to live with restrictions on how much they could buy (rationing). Find out how rationing was an attempt to make the distribution of necessary goods, such as food and clothing, equal for everybody.

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The changing roles of women on Anzac Day

How have the stories and observances of Anzac Day changed to include women alongside men? During World War I and the years that followed, women had little involvement in Anzac Day events. In some instances, they were deliberately excluded! This has changed dramatically in recent decades. In this clip, women and men from ...

Video

British News No 2

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities from June 1940, in the weeks and days immediately before the fall of France during World War II. It contains 10 segments: Made in Australia; Indian Troops in Britain; The Queen Visits the Wounded; Royal Investiture; More Tanks; The Courage ...

Video

British News No 4

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities in June and July 1940 during World War II, immediately after the French capitulation of late June left Britain standing alone against Germany. It contains four segments: All British Forces Evacuate France as Petain Signs; Royal Navy Faces Increased ...

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'Women electroplating army canteen bottles', 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph showing a group of three women working in a New Zealand factory during the Second World War, electroplating army canteen bottles. The women wear factory smocks to protect their clothing. In the background are shelves with bottles waiting to be plated. Wellington photographer Gordon Burt ...

Video

British News No 1

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities from June 1940, in the days after the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk in World War II (1939-45). It contains five segments: King sees Sunday Arms Speed-up; River Plate Heroes in South Africa; Comforts for Our Men ...

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Assembling Beaufort bomber turrets using lend-lease components, 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph showing a woman and two men working to assemble bomber turrets during World War II. The photograph is in the collection of the US Library of Congress and its caption reads: 'Melbourne, Australia. Beaufort torpedo bomber turret sub-assembly plant. Men and women workmen putting finishing ...

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Operating lend-lease machines, 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph showing two men and a woman working on various industrial machines during World War II. The photograph is in the collection of the US Library of Congress and its caption reads: 'Melbourne, Australia. Beaufort torpedo bomber turret sub-assembly plant. Workmen operating an automatic tool ...

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Enrolling in the Land Army, c1944

This is a posed black-and-white photograph, measuring 24.7 cm x 19 cm and taken around 1944 in Drouin, Victoria by Jim Fitzpatrick. It shows a formally dressed young woman seated in front of a desk labelled 'War Agricultural Committee'. A man, seated behind the desk, is handing her a book entitled 'Food front'. The furniture ...

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Building the Boomerang interceptor fighter using lend-lease components, c1943

This is a black-and-white photograph showing five men building two Boomerang fighters at the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation's factory at Fishermans Bend in Melbourne. The photograph is in the collection of the US Library of Congress and its caption reads in part: 'High production rate of Australian interceptor aircraft ...

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Women stapling ration books, 1943

This is a sepia-toned photograph, taken in April 1943, of young women at the South Australian Government Printing Office using large machines to staple ration books.