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Listed under:  Science  >  Earth and space
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Surviving the extremes

What would you do if a natural disaster was heading for you? Would you panic? Dr Jonica Newby and the Catalyst team stage two disaster scenarios and throw them at two Australian families who know only that a disaster of some kind is coming. How will they cope? And how would you?

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Pseudofossils: concretions and dendrites

This is an information sheet providing an introduction to different varieties of rocks and minerals that might be mistaken for fossils. It is also available as a two-page pdf file for download.

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Greenhouse effect tips toward climate catastrophe

Follow the carbon atom, the central character in this story about oil, as it is released as carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and contributes to the greenhouse effect. See how other events like melting glaciers amplify that effect and contribute to an increasingly overheated climate. Learn about what might tip us over ...

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Clouds, thunderstorms and climate change

Fly into a massive thunderstorm with pilots and scientists as they study how global warming could affect storms. Learn how changes in ice clouds due to climate change could provide clues to future weather patterns. See scientists capture data on the beginning of an unusual cyclone. This excerpt is from a documentary on ...

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Dermot Henry talks about how earthquakes occur, 2009

This is a video of Dermot Henry, a geologist at Museum Victoria, speaking about earthquakes and how they occur. The video was made in 2009.

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Australites

This is an information sheet on australites, a dark, glassy type of tektite. 

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Seals help climate research

Discover how seals are helping scientists study Antarctica, polar regions, oceans and climate change. Scientists use Weddell and southern elephant seals to gather data and monitor the way currents move heat around the world's oceans.

Teacher resource

Natural disasters

This is a teaching and learning resource containing teacher resources, student activities and worksheets on Earth science topics including natural disasters and geology. The teacher resources include five pages of links to Earth science related websites. The collection of student activities covers a range of topics and ...

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Thinning ice sheet

Discover that that the massive ice sheet in East Antarctica has been losing mass since 2006 instead of growing, as was previously thought. Watch animations to see how scientists from NASA and Australia are using satellite technology and aerial monitoring to investigate the thickness of East Antarctica's ice sheet. Find ...

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Some mountains are still growing!

Did you know that the mountains of New Zealand are still slowly growing higher and that Australia is gradually moving towards the equator? Discover how the forces constantly at work within the Earth's crust continue to bring change at the surface. Learn through models how rocks are bent and folded or sometimes crack and ...

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'Cooking' carbon to make crude oil

Visit the rugged Arabian mountains to see the exposed remains of the bottom of the ancient Tethys ocean, the prehistoric algal soup that gave rise to today's massive oil fields of the Middle East. Hear how oil-source rock laid down in the Jurassic Period changed over millennia as the Earth's surface was re-shaped. Under ...

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Oil from super-greenhouse events

Why did most of the world's oil deposits form at a specific prehistoric time? Learn how overheated super-greenhouse climates caused vast stretches of the world's oceans to stagnate and become depleted of oxygen. Discover the connection between these anoxic events and Earth's oil reserves. Watch scientists investigating ...

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And now for the Sun's weather ...

The Sun is the primary source of energy on Earth and plays a major role in the weather we experience, but how does it affect weather in space? Watch this animation showing what happens when there is solar wind, solar flare and even a solar storm. Find out about their impacts on our planet and on us.

Teacher resource

Plate tectonics and earth structure - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea introduces students to geology. They learn about the Earth's structure and theories of plate tectonics. Students are supported in making links between plate tectonics and geological features and events. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.

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Earthquakes and volcanoes

What is the common link between earthquakes, volcanoes, and tidal waves? Watch the damage caused by these catastrophic events and explore evidence that the Earth's continents have moved and are constantly moving. Find out the role that forming 'a new crust' plays in this movement.

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Memories of Antarctic expeditions (1954 and 1961)

Listen as scientist Dr Phillip Law recounts his experiences of expeditions to Antarctica. See historic footage of travelling through pack ice. The clip features the Kista Dan (1954 expedition) and the Magga Dan (1961 expedition). The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific ...

Teacher resource

Disaster preparedness

This is a compilation of four teaching sequences about disasters and disaster preparation. It includes sections on types of disasters; their effects on people and the environment; disaster preparation; earthquake preparedness in Indonesia; emergency response; disaster recovery and the causes and consequences of disasters. ...

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Rock layers under Parliament House, Canberra

Imagine if Australia's Parliament House was built on an ocean! Watch this clip to find out about the rock layers of Canberra's Capital Hill, some of which contain ancient rocks that formed deep on the ocean floor. Dr Paul Willis from Catalyst takes you on a brief tour of what he calls the 'fractured foundations' on which ...

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Landslides along the Three Gorges Dam

The world's largest dam project is set to bring enormous benefits to the Chinese economy. But there's a potential side-effect of altering the natural system - the likelihood that more geological disasters such as landslides will occur in the area. Find out why in this clip from 2008.

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Super cyclones in Queensland, 2001

Far North Queensland is accustomed to tropical cyclones but what about super cyclones? Watch this clip to find out how often super cyclones occur, what kind of damage they cause and when the next one is expected. Discover how coral reveals the history of Queensland's cyclones.