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Listed under:  Citizenship  >  Federation
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A look at constitutional convention delegates - teacher resource

This is a teaching and learning strategy about two Australian constitutional conventions; the first held in 1891 and the second in 1998. The 1891 National Australasian Convention is examined through a 'mystery photograph' of delegates. The 1998 convention to consider an Australian republic is examined through three research ...

Online

Background to Federation - unit of work

This is a unit of work about the nature of Australian identity at the time of Federation in 1901 and how Federation contributed to the development of that identity. Intended for middle secondary students, the unit is organised around a historical investigation into national identity and its development, using five aspects ...

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Constitutional recognition of the first Australians

This is a two-page PDF fact sheet that discusses the need to recognise Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples within the Australian Constitution. It explores the processes by which the Constitution was established in 1900, the reference to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and the process for changing ...

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Edmund Barton, prime minister 1901-03

This is a black-and-white photograph of Edmund Barton which introduces a range of online materials about his life and various roles as a politician, advocate for federation and High Court justice. The photograph was taken during his term as Australia's first prime minister. He is wearing a waistcoat and suit and is facing ...

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Chris Watson, prime minister 1904

This is a black-and-white photograph of Chris Watson, Australia's third prime minister. He is bearded, and wearing a white shirt and striped tie with a vest. He is facing the camera.

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George Reid, prime minister 1904-05

This is a black-and-white photograph of George Reid, Australia's fourth prime minister, which introduces a range of online material about his life and career. The photograph is an official portrait. It shows him wearing a white shirt with a white tie and vest. He is looking away from the camera.

Online

Our nation: then and now - teacher resource

This is a resource about analysing photographs taken at the time of Federation and comparing them with contemporary photographs. It includes a set of eight photographs and a suggestion about where to find more. The resource also contains detailed suggestions about how students should examine the photographs, a Federation ...

Online

Federation fast facts

This is a teacher resource that provides a summary of the events leading to Federation, the arguments for and against Federation, and a discussion of the issue of trade as a barrier to Federation. The resource includes a link to a Federation timeline and to other resources about Federation.

Online

The people make a nation - unit of work

This is an extended unit of work about how Australia became a federation and how its federal system of government works. It comes from the 'Discovering democracy' series of units and is organised around four focus questions explored through sequences of learning that include suggested student activities and assessment tasks. ...

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Rural communities: community events

This is a website about rural life in Australia in the 19th and 20th centuries; there is a particular focus on community activities that brought people together to socialise and as a boost for morale. It includes information about community events, social and recreational activities and key organisations and societies for ...

Interactive

Making a Nation: a system of representation

This interactive resource allows students to discover the development of Australia from six separate colonies to a federated nation. Students investigate, through a variety of documents, cartoons, maps and photographs, the factors that contributed to Federation, the powers of the federal parliament, what representative ...

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Federation explained

On 1 January 1901 New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania and Victoria officially joined together to make one country: the Commonwealth of Australia. Before this, they had each been separate British colonies and operated like individual countries. Watch this clip and find out why the colonies ...

Online

Royal Australian Mint: units of work

This suite of teaching and learning units of work related to Australian currencies for middle and upper primary students. The units explore the role coins play in commemoration and the history of Australian currency from colonial times to post Federation. Lessons are supplemented with a range of cross-curriculum lesson ideas.

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Australian Constitution in focus

The Australian Constitution is the legal framework for how Australia is governed. This article explores in detail the history of the Constitution, its key features and the High Court’s role in interpreting it. The page describes processes for amending the Constitution including through referendum as well as two case studies ...

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Experience colonial Australia with Tom Keneally

Thomas Keneally likes to put himself in the shoes of figures from history, whether it's as a member of the SS or an Indigenous man treated unjustly, and ask ‘What would I have done?' In this interview he discusses why he was drawn to the Jimmie Governor story and the significance of the looming Federation of Australia.

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What is a referendum?

Watch this video to find out how Australia became a Federation. What happened in 1897?  What things stayed the same, and what things changed when Australia became a Federation? What is a referendum? There have been many others held in Australia since this early one. Do some research and find out what other issues Australians ...

Interactive

Federation

Federation is the process by which six partly self-governing British colonies decided to form a new nation. Australia was created by peaceful means as an Act of the British Parliament—the result of much consideration and debate. This webpage provides a series of resources examining the path to federation. The page includes ...

Interactive

Federal Parliament history timeline

This interactive timeline explores key milestones in the history of Australia's Parliament that led to federation and how the work of Parliament has influenced Australian democratic development since 1901. The timeline allows users to explore the milestones chronologically or follow thematic trails. Selected milestones ...

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The Australian Parliament

This website resource is a teacher reference about the Australian Parliament, its constituent parts and how it works. It describes in general terms the movement towards Federation then looks at the symbols and emblems subsequently adopted by the Commonwealth of Australia. The resource includes a list of the democratic rights ...

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Examining Australia's Constitution

In this clip, reporter Stan Grant visits the National Archives of Australia to revisit the moment when Australia became a federation, on 1 January 1901. Stan examines the original Australian Constitution and reads out Section 127. What does it say? To try to understand why Indigenous people were so excluded, Stan considers ...