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Making a difference: Windradyne

Explore perspectives on Australia’s Indigenous heritage through photos and text about Windradyne, a Wiradjuri warrior and leader. Trace his story, including battles where he led his people against European settlers claiming land around the Bathurst region. Look at Windradyne's efforts to make peace between his people and ...

Interactive resource

Making a difference: Michael Long

Explore perspectives on Australia’s Indigenous heritage through photos and text about Michael Long, a former Australian Rules footballer and social activist. Trace his story, including conflicts where he exposed racism in sport. Investigate how sporting authorities have handled racial abuse. Look at Michael's efforts to ...


'Bomber' cartoon by Jock Alexander, 2006

This is a colour illustration by Jock Alexander commenting on the structure and nature of terrorist groups in the early 21st century. It shows a masked person with five bombs strapped around their waist. The bombs are themselves masked people with bombs strapped around their waists, and so on. Further information is available ...

Teacher resource

A bridge across a century - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea explains how students investigated the iconic nature of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the story behind its construction and the events surrounding its dramatic opening. The story of the bridge is a central focus for an exploration of life in Australia during the 1930s. It includes a unit of work developed ...


Coogee Dolphins commemorative rugby league jersey, 2003

This is a yellow, white and blue Coogee Dolphins commemorative Rugby League jersey from the World Sevens tournament held in the summer of 2003. It is signed by Rugby League stars who played with the club, and relatives of the Coogee Dolphins Rugby League Club members who died in the Bali bombings on 12 October 2002.


Australian flag from World Trade Center in New York, 11 September 2001

This is an Australian flag with stains, rips and burns, recovered from the site of terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York on 11 September 2001. It measures 120 cm high x 178 cm wide.


Australian coat of arms from Australian Embassy in Jakarta, 2004

This is a cast-metal Australian coat of arms that was damaged in the bombing of the Australian Embassy in Jakarta on 9 September 2004. It comprises the body and five pieces of the finer detailing, which were broken off by the blast. It is without the star that is usually mounted separately above the shield.


Anthem - An Act of Sedition, 2004: The trauma of Bali

This clip shows scenes of a memorial service for victims of the Bali bombings, held in October 2002 in Canberra. The then prime minister, John Howard, opposition leader Simon Crean and General Peter Cosgrove all appear. Brian Deegan, whose son Josh was killed in the bombings, argues against the Howard government's response ...


Anthem - An Act of Sedition, 2004: MV Tampa and September 11

This clip presents an interpretation of the Howard government's response to the arrival of refugees in Australian waters on the MV Tampa in August 2001. The narration states that John Howard had often used scare tactics for his political advantage and that the refugees were now to be used in a 'race election'. Views defending ...


First Contact, 1983: 'Guns and pigs'

This clip shows two Australian brothers, the Leahys, demonstrating the power of guns for the first time to people in the Western Highlands of Papua New Guinea (PNG) in the 1930s. The clip includes archival black-and-white photographs and Michael Leahy's film footage of the newcomers killing a pig to convey the fearsomeness ...


The Old Man and the Inland Sea, 2005: 'Had a car'

This clip shows Norman Hayes Jagamarra driving through the country around Coober Pedy, recalling when he and the old people hunted kangaroo and searched for opal, a time he describes as being 'before grog'. A long tracking shot of the township of Coober Pedy filmed from a moving car has a voice-over of Jagamarra talking ...


The Old Man and the Inland Sea, 2005: 'I'm telling you the law'

This clip shows Norman Hayes Jagamarra walking through the mullocks of the opal mines around Coober Pedy talking about how he and the old people used to search for opal, and how many 'whitefellas are getting greedy' and taking too much opal. The mined landscape is shown, including a working noodling machine. Jagamarra uses ...


The death of Captain Cook

This is a hand-coloured engraving of Captain James Cook's death in February 1779. It was created by John Webber (1751-93) in 1785. It depicts a crowded battle scene at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii, with palm trees and mountains in the background. Cook has fallen to the beach and is firing on his attackers while a Hawaiian warrior ...


The rescue of John Guard

This is a watercolour painting (22.1 cm x 45.2 cm) of the 'Harriet Affair', made by C Watson in 1885. It is entitled 'The rescue of John Guard, then a child of three years of age by Captain Lambert of "HMS Alligator"'. The painting shows the kidnapped infant John Guard, who had been a passenger on the shipwrecked vessel ...


Opal mining at Lightning Ridge, c1925

This is an excerpt from a silent documentary of about 1925 that is probably entitled 'Opal mining, Lightning Ridge'. The excerpt begins with the intertitle 'Shallow shafts are sunk in likely spots'. It shows men operating windlasses above the mine shafts, sending each other down into the shaft to send the spoil up to the ...


Miners' shanties at Lightning Ridge, c1925

This is an excerpt from a silent documentary of about 1925 probably entitled 'Opal mining, Lightning Ridge'. The excerpt begins with the intertitle 'Types of shanties occupied by miners'. This is followed by footage of three homes, each with activity taking place in the foreground. A second intertitle, 'More profitable, ...


Indigenous Australians defending their land, c1817

This is a 17.7 cm x 27.9 cm watercolour showing about 40 Indigenous Australian people attacking a rowboat carrying five colonists. Most of the warriors are on a steep, rocky headland and those close to the water have spears raised. Two appear to be picking up stones while those further up the cliff watch on. About ten Indigenous ...


'The blowing up of the Boyd', 1889

This is an oil painting on canvas by the artists John Louis Steele and Kennett Watkins, painted in 1889. It depicts the destruction of the sailing vessel 'Boyd' by Mäori in Whangaroa harbour (far north of the North Island of New Zealand) in 1809. There are four Mäori waka (canoes) present. A waka in the foreground shows ...


Te Rauparaha wearing a naval uniform, late 1840s

This is a watercolour of the Ngäti Toa (tribe) chief Te Rauparaha wearing a naval uniform. Te Rauparaha has a moko (facial tattoo) and is wearing a light-blue naval cap, a jacket with gold buttons and gold epaulets on the shoulders, white trousers and brown shoes. Holding a taiaha kura (long-handled fighting club), he is ...


Walsh and Sons gold brooch, 1855-60

This is a gold brooch that was made between 1855 and 1860 by Walsh and Sons, who were jewellers in Melbourne, Victoria. The precious stones featured in this piece of jewellery include enamelled turquoise, emeralds and diamonds. Its basic design is a leaf that is enamelled in turquoise blue and set within a gold frame shaped ...