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Tragic consequences of Japan's modernisation

Japan went through a remarkable transformation between 1868 and the death of the Emperor Meiji in 1912. But Japan's modernisation was accompanied by its rise as an imperialist power, with tragic results. Watch this clip to learn about the consequences of Japan's dream of empire. This clip is last in a series of six.

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British News No 2

This is a British News newsreel showing scenes of war and war-related activities from June 1940, in the weeks and days immediately before the fall of France during World War II. It contains 10 segments: Made in Australia; Indian Troops in Britain; The Queen Visits the Wounded; Royal Investiture; More Tanks; The Courage ...

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Megawati Sukarnoputri campaigns for Parliament

Discover what happened when Megawati Sukarnoputri, a member of Indonesia's Democratic Party, took on the country's political leadership in 1995. For the country's Muslim majority and those who were tired of the Suharto regime, Megawati Sukarnoputri and her political party represented the nation's best chance of establishing ...

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Suharto marks the anniversary of 1965 coup attempt

When does a celebration become a political statement? In 1996, President Suharto celebrates the anniversary of the communist coup (violent uprising) that brought him to power. But this is not just about remembering the past. This celebration would allow the president to link his current opposition with a re-emergent communism ...

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The cycle of urban poverty in Harlem, 1968

What is the cycle of poverty and squalor? Walk with ABC TV's 'Four Corners' program film crew on the streets of Harlem in 1968 as they are taken on a tour of the predominantly African American neighbourhood. Understand the level of poverty and urban squalor that faced African Americans living in Harlem at this time.

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African Americans and 'white man's welfare'

Examine the daily struggle faced by African Americans living in poverty in Harlem in the 1960s. Single mother Kitty Fernelle provides for herself and her three children with the help of welfare (social services payments) and the support of her local church. At the same time, activist African Americans are calling for black ...

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The seeds of independence in British-ruled India

Discover the origins of the movement for Indian independence and the response of the British government. In this clip from a 1965 University of the Air program, Hugh Owen of the University of NSW discusses how British rule unintentionally brought about its own demise.

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Public reactions to sending troops to Vietnam War

Do you think Australian governments have always acted wisely when deciding to send young Australians to wars? Does the public usually know enough to support such decisions? On 29 April 1965, Australia's prime minister, Robert Menzies, announced the decision to send Australian troops to fight in Vietnam. In this clip, filmed ...

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Konfrontasi: Indonesia's undeclared war

How do you distract your citizens from the hardships they face? You give them a common enemy. This clip from 1966 reveals the way in which President Sukarno rallied Indonesians behind an undeclared war against Malaysia, which he painted as a puppet of the United Kingdom.

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Impact of Javanese expansion on Irian Jaya

In the modern world, is it possible to protect an indigenous culture from population growth and economic expansion? This 1995 news report explains that, as migrants make their way from Java to Irian Jaya and mining companies seek to exploit the land, the traditional life of the indigenous Dani people is under threat.

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Tension in Jakarta, 1965

Discover what happens when a failed coup (violent overthrow) leaves the Indonesian government in turmoil. This clip shows the government being re-shuffled to reward those who have been loyal to President Sukarno's regime. General Suharto is one of them.

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African Americans demand change, 1968

Imagine that, like many African Americans growing up before the sweeping changes in America in the 1960s, you cannot eat alongside white people, go to white schools, or even ride in the same part of a public bus, even though slavery was abolished more than a century before. This 1968 clip explores the experience of Mae ...

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Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia - part 1

Australian prime minister Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia in 1973 to meet with president Suharto. During his visit, the prime minister talks to the Indonesian president about improving the relationship between the two countries, by - amongst other things - creating a new grouping of Asian and Pacific nations including Australia.

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Please explain: election of Pauline Hanson, 1996

How much can you tell about people by the politicians they choose to represent them? In 1996, Pauline Hanson was voted into the Australian Parliament as an Independent member for the Queensland seat of Oxley, despite (or perhaps because of) her controversial views about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and ...

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President Suharto announces his retirement

Can you imagine living under the same ruler for more than 30 years? In 1994, President Suharto ended decades of controversy when he announced that he would retire in four years, at the end of his current term in office. This clip presents the range of possible successors but it is suggested that the next leader will probably ...

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Sukarno's collaboration with Japan during WW II

Imagine that, in order to preserve your freedom, you had to fight alongside your enemy. During World War II, Indonesian nationalists - led by Sukarno - collaborated with Japanese invaders. Richard Oxenburgh's commentary provides a well-argued historical explanation for Sukarno's collaboration with the Japanese in Indonesia.

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Melbourne moratorium against Vietnam War

It's 1970 and the streets of Melbourne are clogged with protesters who want to end Australia's support for the Vietnam war. But they are not the only ones who have turned out. There are those who support the war, curious onlookers, and members of the press. The different views of those in attendance hint at the unrest caused, ...

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Harlem co-op supermarket, 1968

What would you do if you found out that you were being sold inferior groceries, at higher prices, just because of the colour of your skin? Harlem resident Cora Walker explains that this was the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in the late 1960s. See how the residents joined together to address ...

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Suharto's son 'Tommy' to build the national car

Can you imagine waking up to find out that the nation's leader had decided to give his own son the exclusive right to build and sell the national car? This is exactly what Indonesia's president Suharto did in 1996, when he granted exclusive rights to his son, Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy), to produce the 'Timor'.

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Indonesia's president visits Australia

What happens when the president of Indonesia visits Australia for the first time in 2010? In this clip, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono becomes the first Indonesian president to address the Australian Parliament. His visit is particularly important because he vows to make people smuggling illegal. However, it is almost overshadowed ...