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Listed under:  Society  >  Citizenship  >  Politics  >  Political systems  >  Oligarchy  >  Imperialism  >  Invasion
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Conquest: the process of language change

When the Normans conquered England in 1066, they brought a lot more than fancy clothes and castles; they also brought the French language. Discover the impact that this momentous event continues to have today.

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Eora: mapping Aboriginal Sydney, 1770-1850

Why are artworks viewed as important sources of historical information? In this clip, you will see a range of artworks created about and by the Eora people, the original inhabitants of Port Jackson (site of today's Sydney Harbour). These artworks were part of a State Library of NSW exhibition in 2006, which was designed ...

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Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

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How to smell like a Norman knight

The Normans were descended from Vikings who took control of the part of France we call Normandy. Norman knights conquered England following the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Discover what life was like for boys aiming to become Norman knights, including what they ate, drank and learnt, and how often their clothes were washed.

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The Battle of Hastings, again!

How was England changed forever by one battle in 1066? In that year, a Norman army led by Duke William of Normandy sailed to England and defeated the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings. Visit the site of the battle during a re-enactment by medieval history buffs. This is the first of two clips.

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Dirty tricks in 1066

How was William of Normandy able to defeat the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson in 1066 and become the king of England? The Norman's victory at Hastings marked the beginning of their complete conquest of England over the following few years. Discover the tactics of both sides in the Battle of Hastings. This clip is the second ...


Japanese threat to Australia, 1941-43

This collection of digital curriculum resources is organised into six categories - the outbreak of war with Japan; the fall of Singapore; troops for the defence of Australia; the battle for Australia; Japanese attacks on Australia from the air; and wartime posters about the Japanese threat. Through archival footage, documents, ...


Defending White Australia against Japan, 1941

This is a typed extract from the transcript of a speech by Australian prime minister John Curtin to the House of Representatives on 16 December 1941, in which he declares that Australia will resist any Japanese invasion. Curtin states that Australia had been established for more than 150 years by British people with 'White ...


Menzies' Wartime Tour, 1941: London, the Blitz

This clip shows scenes - filmed by Robert Menzies, Australia's prime minister at the time - of the night-time bombing of London during the Second World War, and scenes of damage in the city streets the next day. An intertitle, 'LONDON / THE BLITZ / APRIL 16TH. 1941', introduces a night-time scene of burning buildings. Another ...


The Sharkcallers of Kontu, 1982: History

This clip shows a Papua New Guinean man giving an account of the colonial history of New Ireland in Papua New Guinea. Interviewed in the village of Kontu, he remembers the brutality of the Germans, illustrated by graphic black-and-white photographs of punishments. 'The English' are described as being arrogant and uncivilised, ...


Peach Growing and Canning in Australia, c1926: Leeton state fruit cannery

This black-and-white silent clip from a 1926 Australian government-sponsored documentary shows various stages in the processing of canned peaches at the Leeton State Canning Factory in New South Wales. Mechanised processes are featured along with the labour-intensive tasks of employees, mainly women, working at production ...


Green Tea and Cherry Ripe, 1989: The horrors of Hiroshima

This clip from 1989 shows Masako Clarke recounting her experience of seeing the atomic bomb exploding over Hiroshima as she was leaving the city on a train, and returning to the city a week later. As she talks about seeing survivors, the camera switches from her face to show close-up images of flowers, including dahlias ...


Attestation form for Trooper Frank Fisher, 1917

This attestation paper records that Queenslander Frank Fisher volunteered for service abroad with the 11th Light Horse Regiment of the 1st Australian Imperial Force (1AIF), on 16 August 1917. It shows his date and place of birth, occupation, marital status and permanent address. The document does not indicate that he was ...


Australian recruitment statistics for the First World War, 1919

This is one side of a two-sided printed document titled 'The Great War 1914-1919'. It shows the number of men in Australia who enlisted for military service during the First World War. Under a cameo image of King George V flanked by the crossed flags of Australia and the UK, the three major dates for the start and end of ...


Last Plane Out of Berlin, 1999: Kesselring and Goering

This clip shows, by means of a dramatised scene, archival footage, stills and a voice-over narration, the espionage activities of Australian aviator Sidney Cotton in Germany prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. In the re-enactment Cotton flies over the Rhine with senior Luftwaffe officer Albert Kesselring while ...


Vote 'yes' for conscription, 1916

This is the concluding footage of a 1916 silent movie political advertisement, which aimed to convince the Australian people to vote yes for the introduction of conscription for military service at the first referendum on this issue held on 28th October 1916. The advertisement is entitled 'Referendum Bullets by W.M. Hughes', ...


The death of Captain Cook

This is a hand-coloured engraving of Captain James Cook's death in February 1779. It was created by John Webber (1751-93) in 1785. It depicts a crowded battle scene at Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii, with palm trees and mountains in the background. Cook has fallen to the beach and is firing on his attackers while a Hawaiian warrior ...


Referendum bullets: cooee

This is a silent black-and-white film clip with the words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. You would answer a Coo-ee for help in the bush. The Anzacs are Coo-eeing.', superimposed over footage of First World War Australian soldiers filing along a trench. It is one of the political advertisements in favour of conscription ...


Referendum bullets: the Kaiser

This is a piece of black-and-white silent film footage. It opens with a photograph of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in military uniform on horseback. The words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. If you vote ''No.'' spell it ''Nein.'' That is how the Kaiser would spell it. Vote ''Yes'' -- Fame, Success; Vote No -- Dishonour, ...


Referendum bullets: 96-hour shift

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of Australian soldiers moving through trenches, apparently under shellfire in the First World War. The words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. Do you want to save men in the trenches from a 96-hour shift under shell fire? Then vote ''YES'' for Reinforcements.' are superimposed ...