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Listed under:  Society  >  Culture  >  Regional culture  >  Jewish peoples
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Postcard with poem entitled 'Doors', 1939

This poem, entitled 'Doors', was written by Arthur Lederer shortly before he and his family departed England on board SS Orama in 1939. The Lederers had fled Austria to escape Nazi persecution of the Jews and had travelled via Czechoslovakia and Great Britain before joining their ship to Australia. The poem uses a door ...

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Rosh Hashanah: what does it mean?

Is New Year's Day, 1 January, special to you, or do you celebrate the new year at a different time? For Jewish people all around the world the new year is celebrated for two days that fall between early September and early October. Explore why the Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashanah, is so important for people of the Jewish faith.

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Rosh Hashanah: the feast

Is there any day of the year when you and those in your community have a special meal, or feast? Australia has people from many countries, cultures and religions. That is why not all Australians have feast days on the same days. This clip explores the feast of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year.

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Rosh Hashanah: synagogue and teachings

Have you ever attended a religious ceremony? Nearly all religions have their own special ceremonies for weddings, funerals and other special events. This clip explores the ceremonies that Jewish people have at Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year.

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Rosh Hashanah: Tashlikh

Have you ever done something that you thought was wrong? If so, what did you do about it? Most religions teach about what they see as right behaviour and wrong behaviour. Many of these religions expect or suggest that their followers who have done wrong to do certain things that will help them become better people. Explore ...

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Legacy of Nazism in modern Vienna

Why did Nazis in Austria dig up hundreds of human remains from graves in Vienna's Währing Jewish cemetery? Join reporter Mark Corcoran as he visits a Viennese museum to search for the remains of an 18th-century Jewish baroness. He makes some disturbing discoveries there. This clip from 2007 is the second of two.

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Uncovering a chapter of the Holocaust

What happened to the Jewish population of Vienna, Austria's capital, during World War II? Its members were among the estimated six million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. In this clip from 2007, find out about the prolonged campaign of historian Tina Walzer to reclaim Vienna's Jewish heritage. The clip is the first of two.

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An 'awesome' initiation into adulthood

As a boy raised in the Jewish religion, Gideon is about to become a 'bar mitzvah'. He is almost 13 years old. If he had been born a girl, Gideon would have become a 'bat mitzvah' upon turning 12. Becoming a bar mitzvah or bat mitzvah is an important occasion in the Jewish faith, and, as you will see, it is often accompanied ...

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The Holocaust

This is a collection of 11 digital curriculum resources about the Holocaust - Nazi persecution of Jews before the outbreak of World War II, and the subsequent destruction of Jews and other Europeans by the Nazis during the war. The collection is organised into six categories - the 1935 Nuremberg Laws; killing squads; concentration ...

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Letter from Arthur Lederer to HE Lady Max-Muller, 14 February 1939

This letter of thanks was written by Arthur Lederer to H E Lady Max-Muller in 1939 in appreciation of her generosity in helping him and his family escape Nazi-occupied Austria and migrate to Australia. Lady Max-Muller, living in London, had financed the Lederer family's passage by ship and their associated landing fees ...

Interactive Resource

Genocide under the Nazis: timeline

This interactive timeline is about the persecution and mass murder of the Jews, Gypsies and other people by Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945. It includes background material and a description of how the timeline works. It shows events in the same sequence as experienced by those who lived during the twelve years of Nazi ...

Interactive Resource

Personal strength to survive

This is an interactive resource about cultural and spiritual resistance in the ghettos during the Holocaust. It is introduced by clips from the testimony of survivors Roman Kent, Frieda Aaron, Edith Sheldon and Kurt Messerschmidt describing how people resisted in the Lodz, Warsaw and Theresienstadt ghettos. Scaffolded student ...

Interactive Resource

The power of words

This is an interactive resource about how Holocaust survivors are empowered by speaking and writing about their experiences. It draws upon Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel’s Holocaust memoir ‘Night’ and Cara Isaacman's testimony about how difficult it was to write about the Holocaust. Scaffolded student activities in ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Helen Fagin

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Helen Fagin. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of Fagin's life story, students consider one aspect of her experience, such as her escape ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Roman Kent

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Roman Kent. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students consider one aspect of his experience, such as the forms of ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Howard Cwick

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust witness Howard Cwick, an American soldier present at the liberation of Buchenwald camp. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Ellis Lewin

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Ellis Lewin. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students consider one aspect of his experience, such as his role in ...

Interactive Resource

Information quest: Kurt Messerschmidt

This is an interactive resource in which students create a word cloud based on the testimony of Holocaust survivor Kurt Messerschmidt. The resource has four elements: consider, collect, construct and communicate. After watching a short video of his life story, students consider one aspect of his experience, such as the ...

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The beginning of the end

What was Jewish life like in Europe before World War II and how did the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party change this? Learn more about this tragic period directly from the artefacts and voices of Melbourne Holocaust survivors.

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Ghettos: the struggle to live

The Nazis established hundreds of ghettos, mainly in Eastern Europe, to isolate the Jews from the rest of the population and to control them more effectively. In the ghettos, Jews were forced to work for the Germans as slave labourers. What was life like in these over-crowded ghettos? Many died due to harsh conditions, ...