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Listed under:  Society  >  Citizenship  >  Law  >  Legal responsibility

Letters Patent constituting the office of governor-general of Australia, 1900

This document, signed by Queen Victoria on 29 October 1900, established the office of the governor-general of Australia. Known as the 'Letters Patent', it comprises two large pages of parchment measuring 60 cm x 58 cm with an elaborately decorated border that includes the royal coat of arms and figures representing justice, ...


Our Park, 1998: Park consultations

This clip shows local people gathering for a meeting in Whites Creek Valley Park in Leichhardt, Sydney. They are disputing Leichhardt Council's future usage of two properties in the Park. Bruce Leahy, Leichhardt Council's urban planner, addresses the group, as does Vince Cuzamano, the Park's manager. There is footage of ...


Facing the Demons, 1999: Senseless murder

This clip shows aspects of the restorative justice process in Australia. It opens with a slow pan of a room that has chairs arranged in a circle, ready for a restorative justice conference. It then shows Senior Sergeant Terry O'Connell explaining the purpose and process involved in restorative justice and its links with ...


Paying for the Past, 2000: 'Victims' justice is going to prevail'

This clip shows German President Rau in 1999 officially apologising to slave and forced labourers used by German industry during the Second World War. The footage also shows two lawyers who negotiated a settlement with the German Government on behalf of surviving labourers commenting on the apology. German lawyer Dr Michael ...


Four Corners - Blue Death, 1988: It could have been avoided

This clip shows, through black-and-white archival film and photographs and colour interviews, the dangers of asbestos exposure and that asbestos-related illness and death could have been avoided in Australia. The early scenes show the covers of medical reports from 1898, 1930 and 1955, superimposed on images of workers ...


Four Corners - Blue Death, 1988: A family tragedy

This clip shows Valerie Doyle pointing out the photographs of members of her family who lived in Wittenoom, Western Australia, and who have since died from asbestos-related diseases. The toll begins with her mother and stepfather, who died in 1975 and 1970 respectively, and continues with her husband in 1978 and her brother-in-law ...


Judge Kevin Parker speaks about remorse and forgiveness, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of Kevin Parker, vice-president of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), describing how most people accused of human rights violations before the ICTY have not been remorseful. He suggests that it is therefore difficult for the victims of abuses to offer ...


Judge Kevin Parker outlines the development of humanitarian law, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of Kevin Parker, vice-president of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), describing how international law dealing with human rights violations was developed from the Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals set up after the end of the Second World War. He explains how ...


Judge Kevin Parker talks about 'beyond reasonable doubt', 2008

This is an edited sound recording of Kevin Parker, vice-president of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), outlining the process of reaching a judgement. Parker stresses that a guilty verdict can only be based on a case being proven 'beyond reasonable doubt' through evidence brought before ...

Teacher resource

Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum Year 5 unit of work

The eight lessons in this unit of work will help develop students' understanding of democracy and how citizens can participate in a democratic society. It includes two informal assessment items, a formal assessment item with marking rubric, background information for teachers and a list of resources.


The Conversation: research ethics collection

This is a series of short articles on the topic of research ethics and the scientific method. It includes ethics of social sciences, animal research, clinical trials, and legal issues. The articles are written in plain language and are authored by experts from universities in Australia and around the world. The articles ...