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Video

Battlefield in France

This is an excerpt from a silent documentary made in 1916, entitled 'World War I: Australian troops in the Middle East and France'. It shows troops and horses moving along muddy roads on a battlefield in France.

Video

Australian troops in the trenches

This is an excerpt from a silent documentary made in 1916, entitled 'World War I: Australian Troops in the Middle East and France'. It shows Australian troops on the Western Front, moving through a trench, and the devastated landscape of the battleground.

Image

Morning at Passchendaele, 1917

This is a black-and-white composite photograph, taken by Frank Hurley on the morning after the first battle of Passchendaele during the First World War, showing Australian infantry survivors laying out and placing blankets over dead soldiers around a blockhouse near the site of Zonnebeke Railway Station in Belgium on 12 ...

Image

Sheet music cover for 'Australia draws her maiden sword', 1885

This is the damaged front cover of a three-page score for the song 'Australia Draws her Maiden Sword'. It depicts Australia as a maiden drawing her long sword and preparing for imminent conflict. Behind her, troops are shown marching out of their encampment. On the bottom of the cover in copperplate are the words 'WRITTEN ...

Audio

Alec Campbell recalls the 1915 Anzac landing

This is a sound recording, made in 2000-01, in which Gallipoli veteran Alec Campbell (1899-2002) remembers the shock, as a 16-year-old, of first seeing a man killed. He comments on the danger at Gallipoli because of the lack of cover, and goes on to note that half of his company became casualties. He concludes with the ...

Image

'Breach at Gate Pä, April 30, 1864'

This is a watercolour created by Lieutenant Horatio Gordon Robley showing Pukehinahina or Gate Pä at Tauranga, New Zealand, on the morning of 30 April 1864. Two British soldiers are standing guard over the scene. In the background two figures are carrying someone away on a stretcher. A slain Mäori defender lies in the trench ...

Image

'Anzac, the landing 1915'

This unusually large oil painting on canvas (190.5 cm x 350.5 cm) depicts the near-impossible task that confronted soldiers of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during the landing at Gallipoli in Turkey on 25 April 1915. Diminutive men in angular postures are being fired upon from above as they attempt to scale ...

Image

'The charge of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade at the Nek, 7 August 1915'

This is a painting showing soldiers of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade launching from their trenches at Gallipoli to cross a small plain with the intention of capturing Turkish trenches. Some men are running directly into machine-gun fire at close range, some are lying dead on the ground, and others are falling after ...

Image

Cartoon commemorating the Light Horse victory at Magdhaba, c1916

This is a black-and-white photograph of a cartoon - drawn on a building at Magdhaba, a village in the northern Sinai Desert in Egypt - showing a Light Horse trooper with his distinctive slouch hat decorated with emu feathers, brandishing a bayonet and riding a horse over an enemy trench or foxhole. A Turkish soldier rises ...

Image

'We don't want to fight but by Jingo if we do', political cartoon, 1885

This is the top half of a cartoon that appeared in the Bulletin on 21 February 1885; this section features three scenes in which Britain is depicted as less than a conquering imperial power. The first scene, titled 'Transvaal', depicts a British general being chased by Boer farmers. The next depicts 'John Bull' (England) ...

Image

'Victoria well out it', 1885

This cartoon depicts an exchange in verse between New South Wales and Victoria about whether it was a good idea to commit troops to support Britain in the Sudan War. The exchange takes place between two silhouetted female figures. 'Dame Sydney', shown with a bayonet, an ammunition sash and a spiked helmet, represents NSW ...

Image

'John Bull and Co', 1885

This black-and-sepia cartoon illustration shows a plump adolescent soldier, whose belt identifies him as 'Australia', standing beside 'John Bull' in a sailor's uniform with a facial expression that symbolises Britain's grim determination to resist all attacks. Together they face two forces, one a Russian military force ...

Image

Watching the barrage from Mont Kemmel, 1918

This lithograph on paper shows a group of men, mostly soldiers, in coats and caps on Mont Kemmel near Ypres, Belgium, during the First World War. The men are silhouetted against flares and shellfire from a night-time artillery barrage. Some of the men are sitting and others are standing, but all are watching what is happening ...

StillImage

Model of the Welcome Nugget, 1858-85

This is a plaster of Paris model of the Welcome Nugget, made between 1858 and 1885 by an unknown craftsman. It is painted gold and green and has a nobbly surface. The Welcome Nugget was found at Ballarat, Victoria, in 1858.

StillImage

Australian 'goldfields' brooch commissioned by Edward Austin, c1855

This is a rectangular rusticated wire framework brooch that features miniature copies of mining equipment. In the centre, a miner works a windlass and bucket above a sluice box. On either side is a crossed pick and shovel. The whole brooch is surrounded by a framework of leaves. It was made in about 1855.

StillImage

'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game, 1850-69

This is a 'Race to the gold diggings of Australia' board game made in England between 1850 and 1869. The game board is a hand-coloured lithograph mounted on linen. There is a printed rule card, six painted ship pieces with stands and a cardboard teetotum, all of which would have been stored in a wooden case with an illustrated ...

StillImage

'Ophir Bluff, where gold was first found in Australia', c1884-1917

This is a black-and-white photograph from a silver gelatin full-plate glass negative produced by the studio of Charles Kerry and Co, Sydney. It shows a river scene. In the background are people, a horsedrawn cart and two crude buildings. At the right, an area has been roughly fenced off. The image is titled 'Ophir Bluff, ...

StillImage

'Hydraulic sluicing', 1884-1917

This full plate glass negative was taken by Charles Kerry and Co at some stage between 1884 and 1917. It depicts a wide shot of a hillside with a hut and what appears to be a sluiceway. The caption, studio number and studio mark are inscribed on the reverse of the negative.

StillImage

Gold nugget replica - 'Opposum'

This is a replica of the 'Opposum' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 27.3 cm x 19.2 cm x 8.0 cm, and it weighs 9.53 kg.

StillImage

Gold nugget replica - 'The Boort'

This is a replica of 'The Boort' gold nugget, part of the Mineralogy Collections at Museum Victoria. Its dimensions are: 10.5 cm x 9.5 cm x 6 cm, and it weighs 1.73 kg.