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Listed under:  Society  >  Citizenship  >  Politics  >  Political independence  >  Nationalism
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Gymnastics club with swastika carving, 1943

This is a wooden gymnastics club shaped rather like a softball bat. It is 43.5 cm long and the flatter sides have Nazi swastikas carved on them.

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White Australia medal, c1910

This medal promotes the idea that it is desirable for Australia to have a white-only population. It comprises an aluminium map of Australia inside a brass circle. One side is inscribed: 'AUSTRALIA FOR THE AUSTRALIANS' around the rim and 'WHITE AUSTRALIA' inside the map. The other side, which is cracked, is inscribed 'POPULATION ...

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White Australia News newsletter, c1988

This is an issue of a racist anti-Asian newsletter called White Australia News, published in about 1988 by National Action. The newsletter is titled 'FITZGERALD IMMIGRATION INQUIRY A FRAUD' and includes an article that argues against the immigration of people from Asian countries to Australia. There is also a cartoon with ...

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Framed embroidery

This is a framed embroidery, made with wool, depicting an early, unofficial Australian coat of arms. The coat of arms is composed of a blue shield of four quarters that encloses a burgundy cross with five small white crosses, one at its centre and the others on each arm of the cross. The first quarter of the shield displays ...

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Adolf Hitler at the Nuremberg Rally, 1935

This is a black-and-white photograph of Adolf Hitler, German Führer and chancellor, taking the salute at a march-past of SA stormtroopers through the streets of Nuremberg as part of the week-long Nazi Party national congress in September 1935. Hitler is wearing an SA uniform and standing in a touring car. Behind him, a ...

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Tension in Jakarta, 1965

Discover what happens when a failed coup (violent overthrow) leaves the Indonesian government in turmoil. This clip shows the government being re-shuffled to reward those who have been loyal to President Sukarno's regime. General Suharto is one of them.

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Please explain: election of Pauline Hanson, 1996

How much can you tell about people by the politicians they choose to represent them? In 1996, Pauline Hanson was voted into the Australian Parliament as an Independent member for the Queensland seat of Oxley, despite (or perhaps because of) her controversial views about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and ...

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Peter Lalor's Bakery Hill speech

What events led to the attack on the Eureka Stockade (Eureka rebellion) on the Ballarat goldfield in 1854? This audio clip examines the famous Bakery Hill speech by activist Peter Lalor. Listen to Dr Anne Beggs-Sunter discuss the effect that the speech had on the assembled miners. Find out why this is considered a key event ...

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Sir Henry Parkes's Tenterfield Oration, 1889

What role did Henry Parkes play in the federation of Australia? Listen to a re-enactment of Sir Henry Parkes's famous 1889 speech in Tenterfield, known as the Tenterfield Oration. Note in particular the arguments Parkes used to gain political support.

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Suharto's son 'Tommy' to build the national car

Can you imagine waking up to find out that the nation's leader had decided to give his own son the exclusive right to build and sell the national car? This is exactly what Indonesia's president Suharto did in 1996, when he granted exclusive rights to his son, Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy), to produce the 'Timor'.

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Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia - part 2

How do you feel when your good ideas are rejected? Is it worse when you're the leader of a country? On his first visit to Indonesia in 1973, Australia's prime minister, Gough Whitlam, finds his proposal for greater regional cooperation rejected. He takes the opportunity of an address to Indonesia's parliament to affirm ...

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Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia - part 1

Australian prime minister Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia in 1973 to meet with president Suharto. During his visit, the prime minister talks to the Indonesian president about improving the relationship between the two countries, by - amongst other things - creating a new grouping of Asian and Pacific nations including Australia.

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Indonesia's president visits Australia

What happens when the president of Indonesia visits Australia for the first time in 2010? In this clip, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono becomes the first Indonesian president to address the Australian Parliament. His visit is particularly important because he vows to make people smuggling illegal. However, it is almost overshadowed ...

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President Suharto announces his retirement

Can you imagine living under the same ruler for more than 30 years? In 1994, President Suharto ended decades of controversy when he announced that he would retire in four years, at the end of his current term in office. This clip presents the range of possible successors but it is suggested that the next leader will probably ...

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Suharto marks the anniversary of 1965 coup attempt

When does a celebration become a political statement? In 1996, President Suharto celebrates the anniversary of the communist coup (violent uprising) that brought him to power. But this is not just about remembering the past. This celebration would allow the president to link his current opposition with a re-emergent communism ...

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Konfrontasi: Indonesia's undeclared war

How do you distract your citizens from the hardships they face? You give them a common enemy. This clip from 1966 reveals the way in which President Sukarno rallied Indonesians behind an undeclared war against Malaysia, which he painted as a puppet of the United Kingdom.

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Sukarno's collaboration with Japan during WW II

Imagine that, in order to preserve your freedom, you had to fight alongside your enemy. During World War II, Indonesian nationalists - led by Sukarno - collaborated with Japanese invaders. Richard Oxenburgh's commentary provides a well-argued historical explanation for Sukarno's collaboration with the Japanese in Indonesia.

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Impact of Javanese expansion on Irian Jaya

In the modern world, is it possible to protect an indigenous culture from population growth and economic expansion? This 1995 news report explains that, as migrants make their way from Java to Irian Jaya and mining companies seek to exploit the land, the traditional life of the indigenous Dani people is under threat.

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Sukarno's rise to power

What happens to the fate of individual countries following a world war? After the end of World War II, the Dutch abandon Indonesia, their former colony. This leaves room for a home-grown hero named Sukarno to return from exile and take the reins. The clip shows the swearing in of Sukarno and the flying of the flag of the ...

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Megawati Sukarnoputri campaigns for Parliament

Discover what happened when Megawati Sukarnoputri, a member of Indonesia's Democratic Party, took on the country's political leadership in 1995. For the country's Muslim majority and those who were tired of the Suharto regime, Megawati Sukarnoputri and her political party represented the nation's best chance of establishing ...