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Listed under:  Society  >  Citizenship  >  Politics  >  Political independence
Audio

Sir Henry Parkes's Tenterfield Oration, 1889

What role did Henry Parkes play in the federation of Australia? Listen to a re-enactment of Sir Henry Parkes's famous 1889 speech in Tenterfield, known as the Tenterfield Oration. Note in particular the arguments Parkes used to gain political support.

StillImage

'Federation' dress and sash, 1901

This is a woman's 'Federation' dress and sash, made of painted silk and cotton, worn by Margaret Chisholm to a Federation Ball in 1901. It consists of a a bodice, skirt and sash. The bodice features a Union Jack pattern in silk and the cotton skirt is painted with an early version of the Australian coat of arms and the ...

StillImage

Margaret Chisholm wearing a Federation dress, 1890-1901

This is a hand-tinted photograph mounted on heavy card showing Margaret Chisholm wearing her Federation dress. The photo was taken at some stage between 1890 and 1901. Her hair is ornamented with a small flag and she carries a riding whip in her right hand. She leans with her left hand against what appears to be a table ...

StillImage

Map of New South Wales marked with proposed federal capital sites, 1902

This is a map of New South Wales entitled 'Map of New South Wales Shewing Proposed Federal Capital Sites'. Just visible in the lower right corner is a line saying that the map was lithographed and printed in 1902 by the Department of Lands, NSW. The map is made from silk and timber, and is 6.6 cm high and 78.5 cm wide.

StillImage

Invitation to a reception for the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall, 1901

This a highly coloured invitation to a reception to meet the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York. The invitiation states: 'His Majesty's / MINISTERS OF STATE FOR AUSTRALIA / have the honor to invite / Mr and Mrs Anthony Clota / to an Evening Reception at the / Exhibition Building MELBOURNE, / on the 9th of May 1901, at ...

Interactive Resource

Commonwealth of Australia 1908 - SpatialGenie map layer

This is a historical map of Australia, published in 1908, showing the borders of the new Australian states in very close to their modern-day configurations. Students use the spatial visualisation tool, SpatialGenie, to explore this map as spatial data. They can investigate this map alone or add other map layers. Students ...

Moving Image

Tension in Jakarta, 1965

Discover what happens when a failed coup (violent overthrow) leaves the Indonesian government in turmoil. This clip shows the government being re-shuffled to reward those who have been loyal to President Sukarno's regime. General Suharto is one of them.

Moving Image

Suharto's son 'Tommy' to build the national car

Can you imagine waking up to find out that the nation's leader had decided to give his own son the exclusive right to build and sell the national car? This is exactly what Indonesia's president Suharto did in 1996, when he granted exclusive rights to his son, Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy), to produce the 'Timor'.

Moving Image

Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia - part 2

How do you feel when your good ideas are rejected? Is it worse when you're the leader of a country? On his first visit to Indonesia in 1973, Australia's prime minister, Gough Whitlam, finds his proposal for greater regional cooperation rejected. He takes the opportunity of an address to Indonesia's parliament to affirm ...

Moving Image

Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia - part 1

Australian prime minister Gough Whitlam visits Indonesia in 1973 to meet with president Suharto. During his visit, the prime minister talks to the Indonesian president about improving the relationship between the two countries, by - amongst other things - creating a new grouping of Asian and Pacific nations including Australia.

Moving Image

Indonesia's president visits Australia

What happens when the president of Indonesia visits Australia for the first time in 2010? In this clip, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono becomes the first Indonesian president to address the Australian Parliament. His visit is particularly important because he vows to make people smuggling illegal. However, it is almost overshadowed ...

Moving Image

President Suharto announces his retirement

Can you imagine living under the same ruler for more than 30 years? In 1994, President Suharto ended decades of controversy when he announced that he would retire in four years, at the end of his current term in office. This clip presents the range of possible successors but it is suggested that the next leader will probably ...

Moving Image

Suharto marks the anniversary of 1965 coup attempt

When does a celebration become a political statement? In 1996, President Suharto celebrates the anniversary of the communist coup (violent uprising) that brought him to power. But this is not just about remembering the past. This celebration would allow the president to link his current opposition with a re-emergent communism ...

Moving Image

Konfrontasi: Indonesia's undeclared war

How do you distract your citizens from the hardships they face? You give them a common enemy. This clip from 1966 reveals the way in which President Sukarno rallied Indonesians behind an undeclared war against Malaysia, which he painted as a puppet of the United Kingdom.

Moving Image

Sukarno's collaboration with Japan during WW II

Imagine that, in order to preserve your freedom, you had to fight alongside your enemy. During World War II, Indonesian nationalists - led by Sukarno - collaborated with Japanese invaders. Richard Oxenburgh's commentary provides a well-argued historical explanation for Sukarno's collaboration with the Japanese in Indonesia.

Moving Image

Impact of Javanese expansion on Irian Jaya

In the modern world, is it possible to protect an indigenous culture from population growth and economic expansion? This 1995 news report explains that, as migrants make their way from Java to Irian Jaya and mining companies seek to exploit the land, the traditional life of the indigenous Dani people is under threat.

Moving Image

Sukarno's rise to power

What happens to the fate of individual countries following a world war? After the end of World War II, the Dutch abandon Indonesia, their former colony. This leaves room for a home-grown hero named Sukarno to return from exile and take the reins. The clip shows the swearing in of Sukarno and the flying of the flag of the ...

Moving Image

Megawati Sukarnoputri campaigns for Parliament

Discover what happened when Megawati Sukarnoputri, a member of Indonesia's Democratic Party, took on the country's political leadership in 1995. For the country's Muslim majority and those who were tired of the Suharto regime, Megawati Sukarnoputri and her political party represented the nation's best chance of establishing ...

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President Sukarno faces political unrest

How long can a president last in the top job when those in the government want him out? In this 1967 news clip, Indonesia's first president, Sukarno, is faced with political opposition. While he is still popular with the people, politicians speculate that he may not be in the job for long. Although Sukarno puts on a brave ...

Image

Naming the nation's capital, 1913

This is an official government document concerning suggestions from members of the House of Representatives for a name for Australia's new federal capital. There are four columns headed 'No.', 'Name', 'Date' and 'Suggestion'. The document is titled 'SUGGESTED NAMES FOR FEDERAL CAPITAL CITY / FROM MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT'. ...