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Listed under:  Society  >  Citizenship  >  Politics  >  Political power  >  Political leaders

Medal commemorating visit of the Prince of Wales to Bendigo, 1920

This gilt medal was issued in 1920 to commemorate the visit of the Prince of Wales to Bendigo in Victoria. It is circular with a loop for hanging. One side features a bust of the Prince of Wales in military uniform and is inscribed: 'H.R.H. PRINCE OF WALES / WELCOME TO AUSTRALIA'. The other side features a coat of arms ...


Harold Holt, prime minister 1966-67

This is a black-and-white photograph of Harold Holt, Australia's seventeenth prime minister. It shows him alongside Lyndon Baines Johnson, the first US president to visit Australia, and 'First Lady' Lady Bird Johnson in October 1966.


ALP: federal election TV advertisements, 1966

These are clips from three Australian Labor Party TV advertisements made for the election of 1966. The first two are presented by Gough Whitlam, the deputy leader of the ALP, and the last by Arthur Calwell, the leader of the party. The first focuses on the need for greater rural and resource development; the second on education, ...


'Curtin', 2007

These two clips from the 2007 telemovie 'Curtin' depict Australian Prime Minister John Curtin's leadership in World War II. The first clip dramatises Curtin's realisation that Australia will be defenceless if Singapore falls to the Japanese. The second clip portrays Curtin's personal struggle with the heavy responsibility ...


'Mister Prime Minister - Joseph Aloysius Lyons', c1966

These are two clips of television documentary footage describing the rise to power in the federal parliament of Joseph (Joe) Lyons (1879-1939) who was prime minister of Australia from 1932 to 1939. The first clip focuses on the period immediately leading up to Lyons becoming prime minister in 1932 and the second on the ...


Ben Chifley: the aftermath of the miners' strike, 2008

This clip is an excerpt from the documentary 'Infamous victory: Ben Chifley's battle for coal', produced in 2008. This documentary about coal, communism and the Australian Labor prime minister who went to war against his own during the national miners' strike is a Screen Australia Making History production, made in association ...


Australia's heritage, 2009: Wattie Creek

'Wattie Creek' is an episode from the series 'Australia's heritage - national treasures with Chris Taylor', produced in 2009. In the clip, Taylor talks about the Wave Hill walk-off. He asks the viewer to imagine being asked to work for little or no money while being given only flour, sugar and tea for food, and only a tin ...

Teacher resource

Parliament vs monarch - unit of work

This is an extended unit of work for the upper primary years about how the Westminster system evolved in England. It comes from the 'Discovering democracy' series of units. The unit includes studies of the Magna Carta and King John, King Charles I and the struggle with Parliament, the advent of constitutional monarchy with ...

Moving Image

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf: the iron lady of Africa

This is a 2008 interview with Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Nobel Peace Prize winner and President of Liberia since 2006, the first female head of state in Africa. She discusses her childhood; the coup d'état in Liberia; the Doe and Johnson dictatorships; her presidential campaigns and the power of women voters; her policies of ...

Moving Image

Modernising Japan in the Meiji era

The restoration of Emperor Meiji in 1868 ushered in a period of rapid change in Japan. The country not only borrowed practices and technologies from Western countries, in less than forty years it too had become an imperialist power. This clip is fifth in a series of six.

Moving Image

Art celebrates death in the Valley of the Kings

A number of Egyptian pharaohs were buried in elaborate tombs in the Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile River at Luxor. These tombs played a crucial role in beliefs about the afterlife of those who were housed within them, and they were decorated with detailed, symbolic reliefs. Find out how the extraordinary ...

Moving Image

Speaking figuratively on closing the gap

Similes, metaphors, idioms, clich�s � Although commonly found in literary texts, figurative language can also be a feature of expository texts. In this excerpt from Prime Minister Tony Abbott's 2014 'Closing the Gap' speech, explore how figurative language can be used to enhance the impact a text has on its audience. This ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: stories of the people and rulers

Explore types of governance such as absolute monarchy, Athenian democracy and representative democracy by interacting with a slideshow of images and text. Complete a related task.


Queen Elizabeth II and prime minister Menzies, 1954

This is a black-and-white photograph of Queen Elizabeth II with prime minister Robert Menzies at an official function during the royal visit to Australia in 1954. The photograph shows Menzies escorting the Queen at the state banquet in her honour at (Old) Parliament House, Canberra, on 16 February 1954. The Queen wears ...


Postcard of Lincoln's Address at Gettysburg

This is a colour postcard depicting the United States president Abraham Lincoln (1809-65) on 19 November 1863. It is entitled 'Lincoln's address at Gettysburg'. In blue uniforms, Union soldiers of the US federal army watch as Lincoln makes his speech with his arms raised, looking towards the sky. US flags are shown among ...


Mortuary temple of Rameses III

This is a colour clip showing the huge mortuary temple of Rameses III at Medinet Habu near Thebes. The remains of the temple, designed to commemorate the pharaoh's reign and be used for his worship after death, are shown in close-up and described in detail in the voice-over. Beginning with decorated exterior walls depicting ...


Photograph of US President Franklin D Roosevelt, 1944

This is a photograph of US President Franklin D Roosevelt presented to Prime Minister John Curtin during his April 1944 visit to the White House in Washington DC. At the bottom of the photograph is the handwritten inscription: ‘For the Rt Hon John Curtin, Prime Minister of Australia from his friend Franklin D Roosevelt’. ...


Four Corners - American Dreamers, 2003: A meeting of minds

This clip shows the close relationship between US president George W Bush and Australian prime minister John Howard as they express their views on Iraq and Saddam Hussein at a White House press conference on 13 June 2002. It begins with Howard affirming Australia's close friendship with the USA and focusing on Iraq's weapons ...


Governor-general's railway carriage, 1901

This is the governor-general's railway carriage, which was manufactured in Australia in 1901. The carriage is constructed of wood and finished in crimson lake and lined with gold leaf. The body shell is of Indian teak and the floor framing and under-frame are of pitch pine. It has platforms at each end, one of which is ...

Teacher resource

Throwing off Asia l: woodblock prints of domestic 'Westernisation' in Japan, 1868-1912

This is a collection of online materials about the rapid transformation of Japan following the Meiji Restoration. The materials consist of an illustrated essay by Professor John Dower; two sets of woodblock prints and accompanying historical background; a database of information about 405 woodblock prints from the period; ...