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The beauty of prime numbers

A prime number is a number that only has two factors: one and itself. Listen to Adam Spencer and Richard Glover discussing prime numbers. They cover how we define these numbers and how and why prime numbers are widely used in internet encryption.

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Patterns, primes and Pascal's Triangle

Are you intrigued by patterns? Check out Vi Hart as she explains how to visualise patterns in prime numbers, using Ulam's Spiral. Watch as Vi creates patterns, using Pascal's Triangle to explore relationships in number. See what happens when she circles the odd numbers. What rule does she use to create the final pattern?

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Prime number keys

Have you ever wondered how modern day encryption works? How are messages and financial transactions kept hidden from cyber criminals and hackers? Listen to reporter Ruben Meerman and mathematician Simon Pampena discuss the largest prime number ever found and how prime numbers are used to encrypt electronic information.

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Prime numbers and unbreakable codes

Imagine if anyone was able to read all our secret, encrypted messages and information. Watch and find out how scientists at the Australian National University are developing a new encryption system using quantum physics and quantum computing.

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What are factors?

What are factors? Watch as the jelly babies in this clip show you! What are the factors of 12? How many factors does the number 11 have? Try explaining to a friend what a prime number is.

Teacher resource

Prime, composite and square numbers

These resources and tasks focus on prime and composite numbers and can be used to support an inquiry into prime numbers and factors.

Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)

Circus towers: square stacks

Work out how many acrobats are needed to form square-shaped human towers. Start by building a square tower with four acrobats: two acrobats in the base layer and two acrobats standing on their shoulders. Examine a table and graph of the total number of acrobats in the towers. Predict the number of acrobats needed to build ...


Mental calculation strategies - addition and subtraction

This collection of 21 digital curriculum resources focuses on assisting students to develop efficient and effective mental calculation strategies for performing additions and subtractions of two-, three- and four-digit whole numbers. It is organised in three categories: developing strategies - addition; developing strategies ...

Teacher resource

TIMES Module 19: Number and Algebra: multiples, factors and powers - teacher guide

This is a 33-page guide for teachers. It introduces the concepts of primes, composites, prime factorisation, factors, multiples, odd and even numbers, the least common multiple and the highest common factor.

Teacher resource

reSolve: Prime factorisation

This sequence of four lessons explores prime factorisation. Students solve a puzzle using factor strings, play a dice game to learn about prime numbers, develop a method for finding all of the factors of a number, and engage in an investigation of highest common factors and lowest common multiples of two numbers, and how ...

Teacher resource

Square roots and square numbers

This is a website designed for both teachers and students that deals with square roots of square numbers from the Australian Curriculum for year 7 students. It contains material on products of squares and square roots, prime factorisation and square roots of non-perfect squares. There are pages for both teachers and students. ...

Teacher resource

Fascinating prime numbers

Use this teaching resource to investigate prime numbers with your students. Go back in time to the ancient Greeks (around 300 BC) to find out how Euclid demonstrated that there is an infinite number of primes. Investigate ways to identify prime numbers using algebra and square numbers and how to represent large primes using ...