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Listed under:  Society  >  Social relations  >  Social equality  >  Discrimination  >  Racial discrimination
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The Sea Turtle and the Osprey

The Dreaming of the Sea Turtle and the Osprey (Wundanyuka kulu Jujuju) belongs to the Wurdalia clan of the Yanyuwa People, who live in and around Borroloola, near the Gulf of Carpentaria in the eastern Northern Territory. The story follows the Osprey, who pursues Sea Turtles in the islands of the southwest Gulf. Please ...

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Chinese miners in Pine Creek, NT

Imagine leaving your homeland to spend years labouring in a harsh and unfamiliar landscape in the hope of an elusive and uncertain reward. In this clip from a1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters looks at why Chinese miners came to Pine Creek in the Northern Territory and how they survived.

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The Freedom Ride: there's a lot of work to be done

In February 2015 a busload of students and former activists left Sydney to retrace the journey of the original Freedom Riders, who, in 1965, visited northern New South Wales to observe and confront discrimination suffered by Aboriginal people. In this News clip, meet some of the original Riders, along with representatives ...

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Woolgoolga's Sikhs find equality in the pub

In 1968, members of the local Sikh community were not allowed membership of Woolgoolga's bowling club or RSL. Racial segregation, in which people are banned from certain places or activities because of their race, is an obvious form of racial discrimination. The hotel was one place where Indians were welcome. This clip ...

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Teaching tolerance in Woolgoolga

How accepting of racial differences were Australians in 1968? The Sikh population of Woolgoolga, a small town on the north coast of New South Wales, were not always made welcome among the townsfolk. This clip looks at the Woolgoolga community and the efforts made by its central school to teach tolerance. This clip is one ...

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Sikhs make 'no visible impact' in Woolgoolga

From the late 1940s, Australia had an assimilation policy for settling immigrants. Like all non-British migrants, the Sikhs of Woolgoolga were expected to adopt the values and practices of Australian society and display none of their own. This clip, from 1968, looks at the steps taken to fulfil this requirement. This clip ...

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Woolgoolga's school works to end prejudice

Can schools change social attitudes and help to overcome prejudice? Racial discrimination was practised against Woolgoolga's Sikh population as recently as 1968. In this clip from that year, we find that it is the town's central school that is demonstrating tolerance of cultural diversity. This clip is one in a series of six.

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Harlem co-op supermarket, 1968

What would you do if you found out that you were being sold inferior groceries, at higher prices, just because of the colour of your skin? Harlem resident Cora Walker explains that this was the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in the late 1960s. See how the residents joined together to address ...

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Aunty Dorrie and the 'dog licence'

Have you ever heard of the 'dog licence'? This was a Certificate of Exemption, issued by the Aboriginal Welfare Board, that allowed Indigenous Australians to live as part of white Australian society. In order to get one of these, Aboriginal people effectively had to renounce their culture and prove that they were 'respectable'. ...

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I may only be a fish and chip shop lady

Pauline Hanson is one of Australia's most controversial politicians. In a short time she gained a significant following before public opinion turned against her. In this clip, listen to excerpts from her first (maiden) speech to Parliament in 1996 and discover how this fiery politician attracted such attention.

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The cycle of urban poverty in Harlem, 1968

What is the cycle of poverty and squalor? Walk with ABC TV's 'Four Corners' program film crew on the streets of Harlem in 1968 as they are taken on a tour of the predominantly African American neighbourhood. Understand the level of poverty and urban squalor that faced African Americans living in Harlem at this time.

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Woolgoolga's Sikhs visit the bowling club

Imagine being barred from a club because of your ethnic origins or the colour of your skin. Such discrimination was not unusual in 1960s Australia. In this clip from 1968, see what happens when representatives of Woolgoolga's Indian Sikh community were allowed to visit the town's bowling club for the first time. This clip ...

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Examining Australia's Constitution

In this clip, reporter Stan Grant visits the National Archives of Australia to revisit the moment when Australia became a federation, on 1 January 1901. Stan examines the original Australian Constitution and reads out Section 127. What does it say? To try to understand why Indigenous people were so excluded, Stan considers ...

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Being an Aboriginal student in the 1960s

Listen to Stan Grant Snr, Marcia Langton and Sol Bellear as they share their school experiences. How would you describe what they experienced? How do their memories make you feel? Why do you think these things happened to them? And what effect do you think their experiences would have had on them?

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Identity, racism and connection

How do you identify yourself? For some of us our identity is linked to the way we look, but for many people, especially in a multicultural country like Australia, it is generally more complicated. Does the way you look inform how you identify yourself? Grace is a Yorta Yorta person, and her identity is linked to her connection ...

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Please explain: election of Pauline Hanson, 1996

How much can you tell about people by the politicians they choose to represent them? In 1996, Pauline Hanson was voted into the Australian Parliament as an Independent member for the Queensland seat of Oxley, despite (or perhaps because of) her controversial views about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and ...

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Marcia Langton on racism

Marcia Langton, a teenager in 1967, reflects on her experiences of racism. What does she say about the language of racism? How have Marcia and Stan Snr experienced racism? And what does Marcia say are its effects? What do you think are the effects of racism?

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Attitudes towards Chinese miners

Why did Chinese goldminers leave the Northern Territory's Pine Creek goldfields in the early years of the 20th century? In this clip from a 1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters investigates how this fascinating chapter in Australia's history came to an end.

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The White Australia Policy

The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 led to the restriction of non-European migration, which became known as the White Australia Policy.

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African American salary disparity, 1968

How does it feel to be paid less than another person doing the same job, because of the colour of your skin? During the 1960s, this was the plight of many professional African Americans who were not paid equally for doing the same work as their white counterparts. Listen to David Dinkins, a New York lawyer, share his experiences.