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Marcia Langton on racism

Marcia Langton, a teenager in 1967, reflects on her experiences of racism. What does she say about the language of racism? How have Marcia and Stan Snr experienced racism? And what does Marcia say are its effects? What do you think are the effects of racism?

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Identity, racism and connection

How do you identify yourself? For some of us our identity is linked to the way we look, but for many people, especially in a multicultural country like Australia, it is generally more complicated. Does the way you look inform how you identify yourself? Grace is a Yorta Yorta person, and her identity is linked to her connection ...

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Being an Aboriginal student in the 1960s

Listen to Stan Grant Snr, Marcia Langton and Sol Bellear as they share their school experiences. How would you describe what they experienced? How do their memories make you feel? Why do you think these things happened to them? And what effect do you think their experiences would have had on them?

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Woolgoolga's Sikhs find equality in the pub

In 1968, members of the local Sikh community were not allowed membership of Woolgoolga's bowling club or RSL. Racial segregation, in which people are banned from certain places or activities because of their race, is an obvious form of racial discrimination. The hotel was one place where Indians were welcome. This clip ...

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Defending civil rights: an activist's perspective

What happens when the members of a society feel like they have no hope? This is the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in 1968, who find themselves in a cycle of poverty. Civil rights activists like Al Cook offer a solution to the problem: fight back.

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Harlem co-op supermarket, 1968

What would you do if you found out that you were being sold inferior groceries, at higher prices, just because of the colour of your skin? Harlem resident Cora Walker explains that this was the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in the late 1960s. See how the residents joined together to address ...

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Chinese miners in Pine Creek, NT

Imagine leaving your homeland to spend years labouring in a harsh and unfamiliar landscape in the hope of an elusive and uncertain reward. In this clip from a1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters looks at why Chinese miners came to Pine Creek in the Northern Territory and how they survived.

Online

The White Australia Policy

The Immigration Restriction Act of 1901 led to the restriction of non-European migration, which became known as the White Australia Policy.

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Attitudes towards Chinese miners

Why did Chinese goldminers leave the Northern Territory's Pine Creek goldfields in the early years of the 20th century? In this clip from a 1981 episode of A Big Country, journalist Chris Masters investigates how this fascinating chapter in Australia's history came to an end.

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The cycle of urban poverty in Harlem, 1968

What is the cycle of poverty and squalor? Walk with ABC TV's 'Four Corners' program film crew on the streets of Harlem in 1968 as they are taken on a tour of the predominantly African American neighbourhood. Understand the level of poverty and urban squalor that faced African Americans living in Harlem at this time.

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Introducing Adam Goodes

To get to really know people, it's important to learn about their lives and the impact they've made on the world. As you watch this clip, you'll learn all about Adam Goodes and who he is. You'll gain a deeper understanding of Adam’s path to becoming an advocate for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and why standing ...

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African American disadvantage in the 1960s

Find out about the frustration and anger of African Americans and their experiences of racism in the 1960s. Discover what disadvantaged African Americans living in Harlem in 1968 had in common with African Americans living in the wealthy, advantaged suburbs.

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African American salary disparity, 1968

How does it feel to be paid less than another person doing the same job, because of the colour of your skin? During the 1960s, this was the plight of many professional African Americans who were not paid equally for doing the same work as their white counterparts. Listen to David Dinkins, a New York lawyer, share his experiences.

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Woolgoolga's school works to end prejudice

Can schools change social attitudes and help to overcome prejudice? Racial discrimination was practised against Woolgoolga's Sikh population as recently as 1968. In this clip from that year, we find that it is the town's central school that is demonstrating tolerance of cultural diversity. This clip is one in a series of six.

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Encouraging an angry desire for self-determination

The Freedom Riders travelled through regional NSW in February 1965, challenging racist attitudes and practices they encountered. In this clip from the ABC current affairs program 'The Drum', original Freedom Rider Hall Greenland reflects on events in Moree and expresses his hopes for what students recreating the Freedom ...

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Aunty Dorrie and the 'dog licence'

Have you ever heard of the 'dog licence'? This was a Certificate of Exemption, issued by the Aboriginal Welfare Board, that allowed Indigenous Australians to live as part of white Australian society. In order to get one of these, Aboriginal people effectively had to renounce their culture and prove that they were 'respectable'. ...

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Please explain: election of Pauline Hanson, 1996

How much can you tell about people by the politicians they choose to represent them? In 1996, Pauline Hanson was voted into the Australian Parliament as an Independent member for the Queensland seat of Oxley, despite (or perhaps because of) her controversial views about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and ...

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Sikhs make 'no visible impact' in Woolgoolga

From the late 1940s, Australia had an assimilation policy for settling immigrants. Like all non-British migrants, the Sikhs of Woolgoolga were expected to adopt the values and practices of Australian society and display none of their own. This clip, from 1968, looks at the steps taken to fulfil this requirement. This clip ...

Online

Tackling racism in Australia

This is a unit of work about racism in the local community and in the world at large. It has four teaching and learning sequences that focus on: exploring and valuing diversity; identifying discrimination and harassment; using the law; analysing the impact of racism on individuals, families, friends and wider community; ...

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Woolgoolga's Sikhs visit the bowling club

Imagine being barred from a club because of your ethnic origins or the colour of your skin. Such discrimination was not unusual in 1960s Australia. In this clip from 1968, see what happens when representatives of Woolgoolga's Indian Sikh community were allowed to visit the town's bowling club for the first time. This clip ...