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Listed under:  Economics and business  >  Economy  >  Supply and demand  >  Rationing

Female workers checking soldiers' letters, Kodak factory, c1939-45

This is a sepia photograph of female employees working at the Kodak factory in Abbotsford, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The staff members are sitting in rows at long desks and checking letters in the company's Recordak department. The letters had come from soldiers serving overseas. The photograph's dimensions ...


Women cutting up letters at the Kodak factory, 1939-45

This is a sepia photograph of women cutting up microfilmed letters with guillotines in the processing laboratories at the Kodak factory in Abbotsford, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The letters had come from soldiers serving overseas. The women are sitting at long wooden desks and the letters are wound onto large ...


Man digging air-raid shelter in backyard, Auburn, 1940s

This is a black-and-white photograph of a man using a shovel to dig an air-raid shelter in the backyard of a family house in Auburn, Melbourne, during the Second World War. The hole the man is working on is to be lined with wood. A wooden frame is constructed above the hole.


Young Australian women and Canadian servicemen on an outing, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Sybil Oakes and her friends during a picnic outing with Canadian servicemen in Sassafras, in the hills outside Melbourne, in 1944. The three men, all in military uniform, are standing with the four young women on a bush track in front of a sign that reads 'Sassafras / Please ...


Young women playing cards with a US serviceman, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph showing Pauline Leibig, Norma Knox (nee Leibig) and some of their friends playing cards with a US serviceman in the dining room of the Leibig family home in the Melbourne suburb of West Preston in 1944.

Moving Image

End-of-war celebrations, Sydney, 1945

Have you ever wondered what the end of World War II meant to Australians in 1945? Discover what it was like for those on the streets of Sydney just an hour after the announcement that war in the Pacific was over. Listen to ABC reporter Talbot Duckmanton describe the scenes of jubilation as he broadcasts live from the ABC's ...


Broken Sun, 2008: The breakout

This clip shows a dramatised scene of Japanese prisoners of war (POWs) preparing to break out of the POW camp near Cowra in NSW in 1944. Hut leader Kamimura (Kuni Hashimoto) encourages the POWs to put the shame of their capture behind them and 'die like the carp'. An impression of the break-out is created through shouts ...


Fire in Darwin's Chinatown, 1942

This is a black-and-white photograph showing the destruction by fire of Cavenagh Street in Darwin's Chinatown. Two servicemen can be seen standing well away from the fire, watching the scene. The air above the roofs of several low-lying buildings is filled with a thick pall of black smoke. A dirt road bordered by scrub ...


'Air, land attack on Darwin likely', 1942

This is an article headlined 'AIR, LAND ATTACK ON DARWIN LIKELY' published on 20 January 1942 in the Northern Standard newspaper and datelined Sydney on the previous day. It warns that 'Darwin must prepare for a land or air attack', and quotes Colin Fraser, a journalist who had just returned from Malaya, as saying that ...


Machine gun training in the Tiwi Islands, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph, taken in 1944, of an Aboriginal man practising the use of a machine gun at Milikapiti, on the north coast of Melville Island, one of the Tiwi Islands in the Northern Territory. The man is lying flat on a sandy beach looking into the sights of the weapon, which is mounted on a bipod. ...


Oil tank in Darwin burning after Japanese attack, 1943

This is a black-and-white photograph, taken in Darwin on 15 March 1943, showing an oil tank burning fiercely after being bombed during a Japanese air raid. Large clouds of black smoke billow up from the burning tank. In the foreground a group of seven Australian military personnel are bunched behind an asbestos shield to ...


Darwin under Japanese attack, 1942

This is a yellowed black-and-white photograph depicting a Japanese bombing raid on Darwin town and harbour on an unknown date in 1942. The image shows a view across Darwin Harbour to the town on the horizon with plumes of smoke rising where bombs have fallen. In the immediate foreground are two mooring buoys and at the ...


Movietone Special, 1945: Peace - Australia Celebrates

This black-and-white clip from the newsreel 'Peace: Australia Celebrates' shows spontaneous scenes of jubilation in the centre of Sydney soon after the Japanese surrender was announced on 15 August 1945. It opens with scenes of crowds celebrating in the streets. This is followed by the famous footage of 'the dancing man'. ...


Frederick Simpson Dyer home movie - Milkshakes and Bomb Shelter, c1940

This black-and-white silent clip from an Australian home movie shows three small children entering and leaving a suburban backyard bomb shelter. They enter the shelter down some steps, look through an opening in the top and come back out. The shelter appears to be made of timber, hessian bags and corrugated iron, with earth ...


Breakout, 1984: Shame

The clip shows a former Japanese prisoner of war (POW) Marekuni Takahara revisiting the Cowra camp in New South Wales where he was held during the Second World War. He remembers the dishonour and shame felt by Japanese POWs for being captured and not dying in battle as their military code demanded. Historic black-and-white ...


South West Pacific, 1943: ‘Working on the home front’

This black-and-white clip is taken from an Australian Government-sponsored film from the Second World War, and is about a civilian worker who has joined the Australian war effort, making Beaufort bombers for the Allies. Telling his story to camera, the man details the significant changes to the workforce necessitated by ...


South West Pacific, 1943: Women join the war effort

This black-and-white clip is from a 1943 Australian Government-sponsored film from the Second World War. It combines the stories of a young woman working in a munitions factory on the home front and her serviceman boyfriend, who is posted overseas. The woman talks to camera about the efforts of women workers and servicewomen ...


Richmond Carnival in Aid of Blind Soldiers, May 1918

This black-and-white clip from a silent newsreel of May 1918 shows crowds, performers and recreation facilities at an outdoor community carnival in the Melbourne suburb of Richmond, held to raise money for blind soldiers during the First World War. Still and panning shots show people in the crowd staring self-consciously ...


Attestation form for Herbert Lovett, 1940

This is a Mobilisation Attestation Form (enlistment form) filled out by Herbert Stahle Lovett, a Gunditjmara man from Lake Condah in Victoria, when he joined the Australian Military Forces during the Second World War. It includes details such as Lovett's age, date of birth, occupation, marital status, next of kin, religious ...


Wolf Klaphake, enemy alien, 1941

This one-page report is part of a series of official documents concerning Wolf Klaphake, a German national who was classed as an enemy alien and held in an internment camp in Australia from 1940 to 1944. The report is addressed to the General Officer Commanding (GOC) Eastern Command and is headed 'National Security (Aliens ...