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Listed under:  History  >  Heritage  >  Sacred places  >  Memorials  >  War memorials

ANZAC remembrance medal by Dora Ohlfsen, 1919

This is a copper medal featuring on the obverse a fallen soldier surrounded with a laurel wreath being comforted by a female figure who symbolises Australia. It is inscribed: 'DORA OHLFSEN 1918' struck half off the flan (not visible here). The reverse depicts an outline of an armed soldier in profile and is inscribed: 'ANZAC. ...

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World War I: the dead man's penny

Imagine the feelings of a family when they learn of the death of a son during World War I. How might they react to receiving a giant penny for a life sacrificed? This ABC Open program explores the role of the 'dead man's penny', the token given by the British government to many families of British and Commonwealth troops ...

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Veterans reflect on the meaning of Anzac Day

What does Anzac Day mean to you? For some older Australians, Anzac Day recognises loyalty to the British Empire. To others it is a time to remember sacrifice and to take pride in Australian character. Watch this clip to discover what Anzac Day means to a number of veterans in the 21st century.

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The changing roles of women on Anzac Day

How have the stories and observances of Anzac Day changed to include women alongside men? During World War I and the years that followed, women had little involvement in Anzac Day events. In some instances, they were deliberately excluded! This has changed dramatically in recent decades. In this clip, women and men from ...

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Anzac Day and the unseen costs of war

Discover the unseen costs of war. Many people experience fear, anxiety, bereavement, shock and other forms of psychological trauma that do not end when they return home. Watch this clip as residents of Violet Town in Victoria reflect on the personal cost of war.


John Howard, Prime Minister 1996-2007

This is a colour photograph of the Honourable John Howard, Australia's twenty-fifth Prime Minister. It shows him walking up the steps of the National Archives to launch a Gift to the Nation. The launch was part of the release of all of the World War I service records in an online digital format. Howard walks alongside the ...

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The meaning of Anzac Day

Anzac Day means different things to different people. Five people, of varying ages, share their thoughts and feelings about Anzac Day. Some have actually served in wartime, while others have a close family member who has.

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Australians recognise past sacrifices on Anzac Day

Share the memories of Australian war veterans and discover their thoughts about Anzac Day's significance. In this clip, veterans living on Queensland's Gold Coast express their ideas and feelings about what Anzac Day means to them.

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Wartime letters from Afghanistan, Anzac Day 2013

It is heartbreaking to revisit letters or messages from those we have lost. Watch and listen to this ABC broadcast from the 2013 Anzac Day Dawn Service in Canberra. Victoria Cross recipient Corporal Ben Roberts-Smith reads aloud some very moving letters written by Australian soldiers in Afghanistan, along with tributes ...

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Observing a minute's silence on Anzac Day

Why do we observe a minute's silence during Anzac Day ceremonies? Remembrance on Anzac Day has been an important part of Australian culture since the first Anzac Day was observed in 1916. In this clip, residents of Queensland's Gold Coast were asked what they think about during the minute's silence.


Etaples Military Cemetery, France, c1920s

This is a black-and-white photograph of part of the Etaples Military Cemetery in northern France, taken in the 1920s. The large Cross of Sacrifice and trees either side of it are silhouetted against a cloudy sky as the sun rises over the Canche River estuary. A person stands looking towards the cross.


General Sir John Monash leading the Anzac parade, 1931

This is a black-and-white photograph of General Sir John Monash leading the parade for the 1931 Anzac Day march in Melbourne. He is mounted on a horse and is wearing his army uniform, to which numerous medals are attached. To Monash's right is another mounted soldier wearing the distinctive slouch hat of the Australian ...


Postcard of Lincoln's Address at Gettysburg

This is a colour postcard depicting the United States president Abraham Lincoln (1809-65) on 19 November 1863. It is entitled 'Lincoln's address at Gettysburg'. In blue uniforms, Union soldiers of the US federal army watch as Lincoln makes his speech with his arms raised, looking towards the sky. US flags are shown among ...

Teacher resource

Anzac influence on Australian identity - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea includes video footage showing the way a teacher integrates digital curriculum resources into a year 9–10 study of how the First World War helped shape Australia's identity. It describes and provides access to the digital resources used in the classroom, along with other relevant resources.


Australian War Memorial 1950

This is a film clip of the Australian War Memorial in Canberra taken in September 1950. It shows the front of the Memorial, with Mt Ainslie in the background and a late 1940s car parked at the front. The clip comes from a silent colour home movie called 'Canberra 1950'.


Gundagai welcomes its soldiers home in 1920

This is an excerpt from documentary footage shot in 1920 and introduced by the intertitle: 'Gundagai's Great Welcome Home to Returned Soldiers of Gundagai and Surrounding District.' It shows a welcome home parade passing through Gundagai in New South Wales, led by soldiers on horseback. There are men carrying a large Union ...


Anzac Day in Gundagai in 1920 - asset 2

This is a short excerpt from a documentary about Gundagai's welcome home for the soldiers of Gundagai and surrounding districts returning from the First World War, filmed on Anzac Day in 1920. The excerpt shows a small crowd who have gathered, possibly at Gundagai's local hospital, to watch or take part in a two-up game.


Compass - Embracing the Enemy, 2005: 'They became our sons as well'

This clip shows archival black-and-white photographs of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (Anzac) and Turkish soldiers in the Gallipoli campaign during the First World War, a war cemetery and a transport ship unloading soldiers. A narrator reads from Atatürk's famous tribute of 1934, and former ...


Cenotaph, 1993: Mateship in the army

This clip shows Australian veterans from the First World War visiting the graves of fallen comrades and taking part in a ceremony at a war cemetery in France. A veteran is heard in voice-over describing the special quality of mateship in the army. Another veteran emotionally describes how he and his mate Bob were inseparable ...


Cenotaph,1993: Library of grief

This clip shows a war cemetery somewhere in France, where many Australian soldiers who died in the First World War are buried, and refers to the work of the War Graves Commission, which maintains 1,000 cemeteries in France and Belgium. It includes a black-and-white archival photograph of two soldiers in the War surveying ...