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Listed under:  Society  >  Social relations  >  Conflict (Human relations)  >  War  >  World wars  >  World War I
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The story of 'Waltzing Matilda' and Winton

What do the words of 'Waltzing Matilda' mean and where did they come from? Find out about 'Waltzing Matilda' and Winton, the town where Banjo Paterson wrote his ballad. Discover what the song means to the town today.

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World War I: the dead man's penny

Imagine the feelings of a family when they learn of the death of a son during World War I. How might they react to receiving a giant penny for a life sacrificed? This ABC Open program explores the role of the 'dead man's penny', the token given by the British government to many families of British and Commonwealth troops ...

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Wartime letters from Afghanistan, Anzac Day 2013

It is heartbreaking to revisit letters or messages from those we have lost. Watch and listen to this ABC broadcast from the 2013 Anzac Day Dawn Service in Canberra. Victoria Cross recipient Corporal Ben Roberts-Smith reads aloud some very moving letters written by Australian soldiers in Afghanistan, along with tributes ...

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The changing roles of women on Anzac Day

How have the stories and observances of Anzac Day changed to include women alongside men? During World War I and the years that followed, women had little involvement in Anzac Day events. In some instances, they were deliberately excluded! This has changed dramatically in recent decades. In this clip, women and men from ...

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Placating Billy Hughes in the Treaty of Versailles

When Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes joined World War I victors at the Palace of Versailles to determine the future of the post-war world, would he seek a lasting peace, or revenge and compensation for his country's losses? US President Woodrow Wilson, an idealist, wanted self-determination for the world's peoples, ...

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Wedding cake survives World War I

When studying history, how useful are primary sources? For example, we may know from secondary sources how valued personal effects and mementos were to soldiers fighting in trenches overseas during World War I. What is the effect of having something like this wedding cake, a primary source, to validate this proposition?

Interactive resource

Secondary history: historical inquiry - research

These seven learning activities focus on research using a variety of tools (software) and devices (hardware), and illustrate the ways in which content, pedagogy and technology can be successfully and effectively integrated in order to promote learning. In the activities, teachers provide appropriate guidance and scaffolds ...

Interactive resource

Peter Dalton: enlistment and the call to war

Help a teenager to decide whether to enlist for Australian military service in World War I. Look at a summary of key military and political events. Interview people with a range of opinions. Examine background materials about recruitment drives, voluntary enlistment and conscription. Do a SWOT analysis and explore the consequences ...

Teacher resource

Australia and conflict: Boer War and First World War - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea explains how students developed their understanding of the Boer War and First World War through extensive investigation of first-hand accounts, images and film footage. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.

Teacher resource

Cooee: a call to war: Teacher idea

This Teacher idea uses footage and photographs of the First World War to help students understand the causes of the War, the experiences of those who fought, the reactions of those on the home front and the Anzac legacy that continues today. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.


Inventory of the cabin trunk of Sister Hilda Mary Knox, 1917

This inventory details the contents of a cabin trunk belonging to Sister Hilda Mary Knox, a nurse in the Australian Army Nursing Service, at the time of her death from suspected cerebrospinal meningitis in France in 1917. The contents were later forwarded to her father, James B Knox, in Benalla, Victoria. The list includes ...


Attestation form for Trooper Frank Fisher, 1917

This attestation paper records that Queenslander Frank Fisher volunteered for service abroad with the 11th Light Horse Regiment of the 1st Australian Imperial Force (1AIF), on 16 August 1917. It shows his date and place of birth, occupation, marital status and permanent address. The document does not indicate that he was ...


Research report on John Simpson Kirkpatrick, 1947

This document is a research report dated 4 February 1947 compiled by the Australian War Memorial into the most famous ANZAC serviceman at Gallipoli in 1915 - Private John Simpson Kirkpatrick, aka Simpson - known to history as the 'man with the donkey'. The report gives an account of Simpson's courage and death by quoting ...


Governor-general thanks the Australian Parliament for its 'congratulations on the great Victory', 1918

This is part of a reply dated 13 November 1918 from the governor-general of Australia, Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson, in which he recognises Australia's pride in 'the part played by her sons' in the struggle to achieve victory in the First World War (1914-18). He specifically praises the efforts of the navy, the soldiers and ...


Australian recruitment statistics for the First World War, 1919

This is one side of a two-sided printed document titled 'The Great War 1914-1919'. It shows the number of men in Australia who enlisted for military service during the First World War. Under a cameo image of King George V flanked by the crossed flags of Australia and the UK, the three major dates for the start and end of ...


General Sir John Monash leading the Anzac parade, 1931

This is a black-and-white photograph of General Sir John Monash leading the parade for the 1931 Anzac Day march in Melbourne. He is mounted on a horse and is wearing his army uniform, to which numerous medals are attached. To Monash's right is another mounted soldier wearing the distinctive slouch hat of the Australian ...


Australia in World War 1, c1980: Over the top

This is a silent black-and-white clip depicting a battle scene on the Western Front in France during the final months of the First World War. Possibly a re-enactment, the clip opens with barbed wire in the foreground as an artillery barrage goes on behind. It then cuts to companies of Australian soldiers, with bayonets ...


'The enemy within', 1918 - asset 2

This is an image, probably a publicity still, showing Reginald 'Snowy' Baker, a famous Australian athlete, boxing promoter, silent movie star and, later, Hollywood stunt man, in mid air leaping from one car to another. The still was taken from his first feature film, the 1918 Australian silent movie 'The enemy within', ...

Teacher resource

Anzac influence on Australian identity - Teacher idea

This Teacher idea includes video footage showing the way a teacher integrates digital curriculum resources into a year 9–10 study of how the First World War helped shape Australia's identity. It describes and provides access to the digital resources used in the classroom, along with other relevant resources.


Effects of World War I in Australia

This is a collection of 22 digital curriculum resources about the effects of World War I in Australia. The resources are grouped into seven categories - the role of women; recruitment activities; conscription referendums; propaganda; War Precautions Act; the general strike of 1917; and ongoing effects of the war. Because ...