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Listed under:  Society  >  Citizenship  >  Politics  >  Human rights  >  Land rights
Video

Talkback Classroom, 2007: Yirrkala bark petition

In this clip Franchesca Cubillo (senior curator at the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory) talks to secondary students about the significance of Aboriginal artwork and the Yirrkala bark petition of 1963. She says that when a bauxite mine was proposed on the Gove Pensinsula, the Yolngu people at Yirrkala had ...

Video

Australia's heritage, 2009: Wattie Creek

'Wattie Creek' is an episode from the series 'Australia's heritage - national treasures with Chris Taylor', produced in 2009. In the clip, Taylor talks about the Wave Hill walk-off. He asks the viewer to imagine being asked to work for little or no money while being given only flour, sugar and tea for food, and only a tin ...

Moving Image

Native title: 200 years in the making

What do you know about the struggle for native title in Australia? On 3 June 1992 the High Court of Australia handed down a landmark ruling that acknowledged that the Meriam people of the Torres Strait had the right to hold native title over their islands (Murray, or Mer, Dauar and Waier). Find out more about this critical ...

Interactive resource

Making a difference: Windradyne

Explore perspectives on Australia’s Indigenous heritage through photos and text about Windradyne, a Wiradjuri warrior and leader. Trace his story, including battles where he led his people against European settlers claiming land around the Bathurst region. Look at Windradyne's efforts to make peace between his people and ...

Audio

Ron Merkel discusses the difficulty of handling refugee cases, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of former Federal Court of Australia judge Ron Merkel discussing the difficulty of handling refugee cases. Merkel outlines how criteria from the UN refugee convention are used to make a judgement about whether a person is a genuine refugee. He explains that 'it's a very imperfect process' ...

Audio

Ron Merkel discusses the phrase 'washed away by the tide of history', 2008

This is an edited sound recording of former Federal Court of Australia judge Ron Merkel discussing a High Court of Australia judge's statement that a person's right to native title may have been 'washed away by the tide of history'. Merkel describes the expression, used by one of the judges in the Mabo native title case, ...

Image

Batman Land Deed, 1835

This is a handwritten document in dark-brown ink on vellum, being one of two deeds signed by local Indigenous people and the Port Phillip Association in 1835. It is known as the 'Dutigalla' or 'Melbourne Deed'. The text begins with 'Know all Persons ...' in bold and encased in scrolls. In the lower right corner are eight ...

Image

'John Batman's famous treaty with the blacks', c1914

This is a black-and-white engraving, measuring 40.4 cm x 57 cm, made by George Rossi Ashton (1851-1942) in about 1914. It depicts John Batman (1801-39) and an elderly Indigenous Australian man leaning over what is probably a treaty document on the decayed trunk of a large fallen tree. They are surrounded by 16 men, many ...

Image

Gurindji strikers at Daguragu, 1967

This is a black-and-white photograph showing 15 Gurindji men at Daguragu in the Northern Territory, also known as Wattie Creek, where the families who walked off Wave Hill Station in 1966 had set up camp 30 km away from the Station. The leader of the strike and walk-off, Vincent Lingiari, is standing in the centre, next ...

Video

Trespass, 2002: 'For the whole of Australia'

This clip shows Yvonne Margarula describing in the Gundjeihmi language how her father, Toby Gangale, and other Mirarr traditional owners felt worn down by negotiations for the Ranger uranium mine on their land at Kakadu in the Northern Territory. Jacqui Katona says the Mirarr people were told they should sacrifice their ...

Moving Image

Impact of Javanese expansion on Irian Jaya

In the modern world, is it possible to protect an indigenous culture from population growth and economic expansion? This 1995 news report explains that, as migrants make their way from Java to Irian Jaya and mining companies seek to exploit the land, the traditional life of the indigenous Dani people is under threat.

Moving Image

Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

StillImage

Laminated glass sculpture, 'The Beginning of the End', c1995

This is a glass collage exploring the theme of birth and the intensity of life through a chaotic and colourful juxtaposition of glass assembled then fired. the panel is: 86.5 cm x 24.0 cm.

Moving Image

Charles Perkins campaigns for Aboriginal rights

Why was 1967 a turning point in the struggle for legal equality and the civil rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples? In this clip, we encounter leading Aboriginal activist Charles Perkins as he addresses a range of public meetings held to raise awareness of racial discrimination and to bring about change ...

Moving Image

Balancing opposing views on native title

The Mabo decision of 1992 created uncertainty for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as well as for the mining and pastoral industries. Public and 'leasehold' land was subject to native title claims. Listen to the responses of Indigenous leaders and the mining industry as the effects of the High Court decision ...

Moving Image

Celebrating native title on Ruby Tuesday

Have you ever had to compromise to achieve a good result? When opposition to native title threatened to suspend the long-standing Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (RDA), former prime minister Paul Keating and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leaders had to compromise to save the RDA and native title. Watch as negotiations ...

Moving Image

Native title begins with an act of recognition

Following the recognition of native title by the High Court of Australia in June 1992, the establishment of a process for ensuring that it was awarded fairly and responsibly was needed. This process came to be enshrined in the Native Title Act of 1993. Listen as key players in the development of the Act explain its importance. ...

Moving Image

Prime Minister Keating's Redfern address, 1992

On 10 December 1992, Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating delivered a speech in Redfern, Sydney at a celebration of the International Year of the World's Indigenous People. The speech addressed many of the injustices suffered by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the previous 200 years. Today, it is regarded ...

Collection

Collaborating for Indigenous rights, 1957-73

Developed by the National Museum of Australia, this website focuses on activists' campaigns for the civil and land rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. The website has seven sections: the fight for civil rights; the struggle for land rights; people; organisations; a timeline; a map; and resources. ...

StillImage

Australian protest badges, 1985-95

These are five enamelled metal badges relating to environmental and Indigenous activism in Australia between 1985 and 1995. Each badge has symbols and slogans. The following text communicates the five messages: 'NO FORESTS / NO FUTURE', 'NO TIME TO WASTE / GREENPEACE', 'White Australia has a black history', 'MAY DAY 1993, ...