Learning objects Earth rotation: night and day [ESL]

TLF ID L10261

Watch an animation of the Earth rotating in space showing day and night, the equinox where locations on Earth experience close to equal hours of daytime and night-time (12 hours) and views of the Earth from above the North and South Poles. Turn an animated model of the Earth to explore how rotation is related to night and time of day. Notice that when the Sun shines on one side of the Earth, the other side is in darkness. Answer a series of questions by experimenting with the model. For example, when the Sun rises in New Zealand, what is the approximate time in Sydney?



Educational details

Key learning objectives
  • Students use a model to relate day and night to the rotation of the Earth.
  • Students use a model to observe that half of the Earth's surface is exposed to sunlight (at any given time).
  • Students predict whether it will be day, night, sunrise or sunset for a particular location shown on a model of the Earth.
Educational value
  • Provides opportunities to explore how the rotation of the Earth affects the objects seen in the sky.
  • Includes an animated model that can be manipulated to determine how the Earth’s rotation is related to the visible cycle of day and night.
  • Tests understanding of key concepts through an interactive quiz.
  • Supports repeated use by random variation of questions.
  • Features modified language for English as a Second Language users.
  • Includes a glossary of terms used in the activity.
  • Includes a language extension activity in which students place six sentences about earth rotation in the correct order.
Year level

3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8

Learning area
  • science
Strand
  • Science/Earth and space sciences
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding
    Concept
    • Science/Earth
    • Science/Solar system
    • Science/Sun
    • Science/Night and day
    • Science/Astronomy
    Skill
    • Knowledge;
    • Comprehension;
    • Application;
    • Analysis
    Student activity
    • Interactives;
    • Experiment;
    • Analysis;
    • Modelling
    Learning design
    • Experiential learning;
    • Independent learning;
    • Problem solving;
    • Visual learning

    Other details

    Contributors
    • Script writer
    • Name: Rod Rees
    • Organisation: Rees Films Pty Ltd
    • Address: Blackburn VIC 3130 Australia
    • Technical implementer
    • Publisher
    • Date of contribution: 28 Jan 2014
    • Organisation: Education Services Australia
    • Address: Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia
    • URL: http://www.esa.edu.au
    • Subject matter expert
    • Name: Janet Saker
    • Address: Williamstown VIC 3016 Australia
    • Subject matter expert
    • Name: Graham Coghill
    • Address: Marcus Beach QLD 4573 Australia
    • Technical implementer
    • Educational validator
    • Name: Dr Christina Gitsaki
    • Address: University of Queensland QLD 4072 Australia
    • URL: http://www.uq.edu.au
    Access profile
    • Colour independence
    • Device independence
    • Hearing independence
    Learning resource type
    • Interactive Resource
    Browsers
    • Microsoft Internet Explorer - minimum version: 8.0 (MS-Windows) - maximum version: 9.0 (MS-Windows)
    • Firefox - minimum version: (MS-Windows)
    • Safari - minimum version: 5.1 (MacOS)
    Operating systems
    • MacOS - minimum version: 10.6
    • MS-Windows - minimum version: XP - maximum version: 7
    Platform requirements
    • Due to the use of rich media content, this learning object is suitable for a connection speed of 256 kbit/s or faster.
    Rights
    • © Education Services Australia Ltd, 2013, except where indicated under Acknowledgements