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TLF ID L5774

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine seasons in the different hemispheres. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine day length in the different hemispheres. Examine the heating effect of the Sun. Compare seasons at different locations on the Earth. For example, work out that when it is summer in China, it is winter in Australia. This learning object is a combination of four objects in the same series.

Tags: Year 7

Educational details

Key learning objectives
  • Students describe the Earth's rotation on a tilted axis and its revolution around the Sun.
  • Students describe why the Sun's heating effect is weakest at the poles.
  • Students relate the Earth's orbit combined with its tilted axis to the occurrence of seasons.
  • Students relate latitude and season to day length.
  • Students relate the changing elevation of the Sun in the sky to day length and season.
Educational value
  • Illustrates and explains the Earth’s orbit, day and night, factors causing variation in the Sun’s heating effect, and the seasons.
  • Allows students to manipulate an interactive model of the Earth in its orbit to investigate the seasons and related phenomena.
  • Helps student understanding by showing simultaneous views of the Earth from different viewpoints.
  • Tests understanding by asking students to position the Earth in its orbit to correspond to important annual astronomical events.
  • Tests student understanding and interpretation through multiple-choice questions.
  • Provides structured feedback to student input.
Year level

7; 8

Learning area
  • science
  • Science/Earth and space sciences
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding
  • Science/Earth and space sciences
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding
    • Science/Climate
    • Science/Conclusions
    • Science/Consequences
    • Science/Earth
    • Science/Heat
    • Science/Interactions
    • Science/Light
    • Science/Interdependence
    • Science/Planets
    • Science/Observation
    • Science/Night and day
    • Science/Sun
    • Science/Sky
    • Science/Science
    • Science/Temperature
    • Science/Seasons
    • Science/Weather
    • Knowledge;
    • Comprehension;
    • Application;
    • Analysis
    Student activity
    • Interactives;
    • Analysis;
    • Modelling;
    • Multiple choice questions
    Learning design
    • Independent learning;
    • Visual learning;
    • Demonstrations

    Other details

    • Publisher
    • Date of contribution: 28 Jan 2014
    • Organisation: Education Services Australia
    • Address: Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia
    • URL:
    • Script writer
    • Script writer
    • Subject matter expert
    • Educational validator
    • Name: Denis Goodrum
    • Organisation: Australian National University
    • Address: Canberra ACT 2600 Australia
    • URL:
    • Technical implementer
    • Subject matter expert
    • Name: Graham Coghill
    • Address: Marcus Beach QLD 4573 Australia
    Access profile
    • Colour independence
    • Device independence
    • Hearing independence
    Learning resource type
    • Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)
    • any - minimum version: Microsoft Edge (Windows); Default Android Browser
    • Google Chrome - minimum version: 35+ (Windows, macOS, Android)
    • Firefox - minimum version: 45+ (Windows & Mac)
    • ms-internet explorer - minimum version: 10+ (Windows)
    • Safari - minimum version: 7+ (Mac); Safari for iOS 9+ (iOS)
    Operating systems
    • ms-windows - minimum version: Vista+
    • macos - minimum version: 10.9+
    • ios - minimum version: 9+
    • android - minimum version: 5+
    • © Education Services Australia Ltd, 2016, except where indicated under Acknowledgements. Unless otherwise indicated, this material may be used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence