Earth rotation: night and day

TLF ID L696

Watch an animation of the Earth rotating in space showing day and night, the equinox where locations on Earth experience close to equal hours of daytime and night-time (12 hours) and views of the Earth from above the North and South Poles. Turn an animated model of the Earth to explore how rotation is related to night and time of day. Notice that when the Sun shines on one side of the Earth, the other side is in darkness. Answer a series of questions by experimenting with the model. For example, when the Sun rises in New Zealand, what is the approximate time in Sydney? This learning object is one in a series of four objects.



Educational details

Key learning objectives
  • Students use a model to relate day and night to the rotation of the Earth.
  • Students use a model to observe that half of the Earth's surface is exposed to sunlight (at any given time).
  • Students predict whether it will be day, night, sunrise or sunset for a particular location shown on a model of the Earth.
Educational value
  • Provides opportunities to explore how the rotation of the Earth affects the objects seen in the sky.
  • Includes an animated model that can be manipulated to determine how the Earth’s rotation is related to the visible cycle of day and night.
  • Tests understanding of key concepts through an interactive quiz.
  • Supports repeated use by random variation of questions.
Year level

3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8

Learning area
  • science
Strand
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding
Strand
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding
Strand
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding
    Concept
    • Science/Earth
    • Science/Solar system
    • Science/Sun
    • Science/Night and day
    • Science/Astronomy
    Skill
    • Knowledge;
    • Comprehension;
    • Application;
    • Analysis
    Student activity
    • Interactives;
    • Experiment;
    • Analysis;
    • Modelling
    Learning design
    • Experiential learning;
    • Independent learning;
    • Problem solving;
    • Visual learning

    Other details

    Contributors
    • Script writer
    • Name: Rod Rees
    • Organisation: Rees Films Pty Ltd
    • Address: Blackburn VIC 3130 Australia
    • Technical implementer
    • Publisher
    • Date of contribution: 20 Sep 2013
    • Organisation: Education Services Australia
    • Address: Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia
    • URL: http://www.esa.edu
    Access profile
    • Colour independence
    • Device independence
    • Hearing independence
    Learning resource type
    • Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)
    Browsers
    • any - minimum version: Microsoft Edge (Windows); Default Android Browser
    • Google Chrome - minimum version: 35+ (Windows, macOS, Android)
    • Firefox - minimum version: 45+ (Windows & Mac)
    • ms-internet explorer - minimum version: 10+ (Windows)
    • Safari - minimum version: 7+ (Mac); Safari for iOS 9+ (iOS)
    Operating systems
    • ms-windows - minimum version: Vista+
    • macos - minimum version: 10.9+
    • ios - minimum version: 9+
    • android - minimum version: 5+
    Rights
    • © Education Services Australia Ltd, 2016, except where indicated under Acknowledgements. Unless otherwise indicated, this material may be used in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.