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Light and shadows


Look at how a tree makes a shadow during a sunny day. Notice that objects always casts shadows that face away from the Sun. Examine how the shape and position of a shadow is related to the time of day and position of the Sun. Explore the shadows cast by different objects such as a bike, an umbrella and a child. Position the Sun to cast shadows at different angles and sizes. Complete pictures by positioning an object, a shadow or the Sun. This learning object is a combination of two learning objects in the same series.

Educational details

Key learning objectives
  • Students recognise that shadows are formed when objects block light.
  • Students relate changes in shadows to the position of the Sun (or other light source).
Educational value
  • Introduces shadows, and shows how a shadow changes shape as the Sun moves across the sky.
  • Enables students to investigate shadows cast by different objects at different times of day.
  • Allows students to position the Sun to cast shadows at different angles.
  • Provides an activity in which students select and position objects, shadows or the Sun to complete a picture.
  • Provides feedback for correct and incorrect student choices.
Year level

1; 2; 3

Learning area
  • science
  • Science/Earth and space sciences
  • Science/Science as a human endeavour
  • Science/Science understanding
    • Science/Night and day
    • Science/Observation
    • Science/Light
    • Science/Earth
    • Science/Sun
    • Science/Sky
    • Knowledge;
    • Comprehension;
    • Application
    Student activity
    • Interactives;
    • Comprehension Activity
    Learning design
    • Experiential learning;
    • Independent learning;
    • Problem solving;
    • Visual learning

    Other details

    • Script writer
    • Name: Rod Rees
    • Organisation: Rees Films Pty Ltd
    • Address: Blackburn VIC Australia
    • Technical implementer
    • Publisher
    • Date of contribution: 28 Jan 2014
    • Organisation: Education Services Australia
    • Address: Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia
    • URL:
    Access profile
    • Colour independence
    • Device independence
    • Hearing independence
    Learning resource type
    • Tablet friendly (Interactive resource)
    • Microsoft Internet Explorer - minimum version: 8.0 (MS-Windows) - maximum version: 9.0 (MS-Windows)
    • Firefox - minimum version: (MS-Windows)
    • Safari - minimum version: 5.1 (MacOS)
    Operating systems
    • MacOS - minimum version: 10.6
    • MS-Windows - minimum version: XP - maximum version: 7
    • © Education Services Australia Ltd, 2013, except where indicated under Acknowledgements.