This is a collection of 19th-century Aboriginal artefacts from north-western NSW, consisting of one unusual parrying shield, one rare lil-lil club, three incised boomerangs and two fluted fighting clubs.
The three clubs featured are a type of club called a lil-lil, which was made and used only in eastern Australia and was a dangerous weapon in battle. The boomerang features an incised, scalloped design particular to southern Queensland, northern NSW and north-eastern South Australia. The parrying shield is from south-eastern Australia and is decorated with horizontal bands of blue pigment. The blue pigment is probably 'Reckitt’s blue'.
Indigenous groups across Australia have designs that are uniquely theirs and which, when presented in particular orders, make strong statements about group and personal identities. These 19th-century artefacts, with their high degree of intricate decoration particular to south-east Australia, are an important acquisition for this reason and because they originate from a region notoriously difficult to document with Indigenous material.
The objects were collected by a soldier known as 'Bozza' before the Boer War (1899-1902) and were found after his death at a house in Liverpool, NSW. These objects are fine examples of their types.