Image Aboriginal artefacts from north-western New South Wales, 19th century

TLF ID M006955

This is a collection of 19th-century Aboriginal artefacts from north-western NSW, consisting of one unusual parrying shield, one rare lil-lil club, three incised boomerangs and two fluted fighting clubs.

Educational details

Educational value
  • The three clubs featured are a type of club called a lil-lil, which was made and used only in eastern Australia and was a dangerous weapon in battle. The boomerang features an incised, scalloped design particular to southern Queensland, northern NSW and north-eastern South Australia. The parrying shield is from south-eastern Australia and is decorated with horizontal bands of blue pigment. The blue pigment is probably 'Reckitt’s blue'.
  • Indigenous groups across Australia have designs that are uniquely theirs and which, when presented in particular orders, make strong statements about group and personal identities. These 19th-century artefacts, with their high degree of intricate decoration particular to south-east Australia, are an important acquisition for this reason and because they originate from a region notoriously difficult to document with Indigenous material.
  • The objects were collected by a soldier known as 'Bozza' before the Boer War (1899-1902) and were found after his death at a house in Liverpool, NSW. These objects are fine examples of their types.
Year level

3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10; 11; 12

Learning area
  • The Arts
  • History
  • Geography
  • Design and technologies
  • Science
  • Economics and Business
  • Design

Other details

  • Contributor
  • Name: Education Services Australia
  • Organization: Education Services Australia
  • Description: Data manager
  • Address: VIC, AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
  • Person: Dragi Markovic
  • Description: Photographer
  • Copyright Holder
  • Name: National Museum of Australia
  • Organization: National Museum of Australia
  • Address: ACT, AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
  • Publisher
  • Name: National Museum of Australia
  • Organization: National Museum of Australia
  • Description: Publisher
  • Address: ACT, AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
  • Resource metadata contributed by
  • Name: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Organisation: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Address: AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
Access profile
  • Generic
Learning Resource Type
  • Image
  • © Education Services Australia Ltd and the National Museum of Australia, 2010 (except where otherwise indicated). You may view, display, print out and copy this material for non-commercial educational purposes provided you retain all acknowledgements associated with the material.