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Teacher guide Always, sometimes, never

TLF ID M014008

This is a web resource that includes four student activities focusing on chance and the language associated with chance events, accompanied by activity sheets and a detailed teacher guide for each activity. The activities cover words associated with chance and likelihood, fairness, luck and superstitions, and ordering chance events based on likelihood. The resource incorporates aspects of Asian culture, including a discussion about lucky numbers and superstitions, a Japanese story 'The legend of the crane', about the crane as a Japanese symbol of good health and prosperity, and an activity based on the game jan-ken-pon, a Japanese version of rock-paper-scissors, a game which originated in Asia.

Educational details

Educational value
  • This is a useful resource that supports the Statistics and Probability strand of the Mathematics curriculum for year 2, particularly for the content description that refers to identifying practical activities and everyday events that involve chance and describing outcomes as 'likely' or 'unlikely'. It may also be useful for years 3 and 4, for the content descriptions about conducting chance experiments, and recognising variation in results; and describing possible everyday events and ordering their chances of occurring.
  • This resource supports the Asia and Australia's engagement with Asia cross-curriculum priority. It incorporates Asian culture into the student activities to provide rich and engaging contexts for developing students' understanding of chance.
  • This resource is useful in providing opportunities for cross-curriculum learning, with some activities encouraging an exploration of mathematical concepts as well as language development. The Japanese story 'The legend of the crane' could be useful for the Literature strand of year 2 English.
  • This resource supports the Numeracy, Literacy and Intercultural understanding general capabilities.
Year level

2; 3; 4

Learning area
  • Mathematics

Other details

  • Contributor
  • Name: Education Services Australia
  • Organization: Education Services Australia
  • Description: Data manager
  • Address: VIC, AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
  • Copyright Holder
  • Name: University of Melbourne
  • Organization: University of Melbourne
  • Address: VIC, AUSTRALIA
  • Publisher
  • Name: Asia Education Foundation
  • Organization: Asia Education Foundation
  • Description: Publisher
  • Address: VIC, AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
  • Resource metadata contributed by
  • Name: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Organisation: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Address: AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
Access profile
  • Unknown
Learning Resource Type
  • Online
  • © The University of Melbourne – Asia Education Foundation, 2012. Unless otherwise indicated, this material may be reproduced and communicated free of charge for non-commercial educational purposes, provided all acknowledgements are retained.