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Video A Year on a Farm: producer video

TLF ID M019391

This is a video about operation of an organic orchard near Kalangadoo in South Australia and the commitment to biodiversity of its owners Michelle and Chris McColl. Michelle McColl describes and illustrates the annual cycle of work with the trees and fruit while discussing the economic and agronomical advantages of the farm's transformation from a monoculture of a few varieties of apples to its present diversity of more than 90 varieties plus 30 varieties of stone fruit. She lists the types of sales outlets they use and how they value-add with dried apples, apple juice and apple cider vinegar. She introduces the various farm animals, explaining the roles they play and emphasising that biodiversity is the key to organic farming. The video lasts 3:54 min and in the final sequences Chris McColl tells how they have modelled their orchard on a natural forest system with trees, understory vegetation and animals, and how animals, rather than sprays, do much of the work of keeping pests under control.

Educational details

Educational value
  • This is an excellent resource for studies of agriculture in the context of the Design and Technologies and Economics and business curriculums and the Sustainability cross-curriculum priority. In Design and Technologies the video's detailed coverage of its sustainable production techniques is useful for the years 5/6 content description about how and why food is produced in managed environments and very useful for the years 7/8 content description about how food is produced in managed environments and how these can become more sustainable. The McColl’s organic orchard would also be a most worthwhile case study for the years 9/10 content description about investigating and making judgments on the ethical and sustainable production and marketing of food.
  • The resource is of considerable value for the Economic and business curriculum. The economic benefits of biodiversity and value-adding commented on in the video are highly relevant to the year 10 content description about the ways businesses organise themselves to improve productivity. The farm itself and the various commodities produced and marketed are also relevant to the year 8 content description about the types of businesses and the ways that businesses respond to opportunities in Australia.
  • The video also provides an excellent context for the Sustainability cross-curriculum priority, especially for its organising ideas that refer to sustainable patterns of living relying on the interdependence of healthy social, economic and ecological systems, and to world views that recognise the dependence of living things on healthy ecosystems being essential for achieving sustainability.
Year level

5; 6; 7; 8; 9; 10

Other details

  • Contributor
  • Name: Education Services Australia
  • Organization: Education Services Australia
  • Description: Data manager
  • Address: VIC, AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
  • Copyright Holder
  • Name: Primary Industries Education Foundation Australia (PIEFA)
  • Organization: Primary Industries Education Foundation Australia (PIEFA)
  • URL:
  • Publisher
  • Name: Primary Industries Education Foundation Australia (PIEFA)
  • Organization: Primary Industries Education Foundation Australia (PIEFA)
  • Description: Publisher
  • URL:
  • Resource metadata contributed by
  • Name: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Organisation: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Address: AUSTRALIA
  • URL:
Access profile
  • Unknown
Learning Resource Type
  • Video
  • © Primary Industries Education Foundation Australia 2015, except where indicated otherwise. Except where indicated otherwise, this material may be used in accordance with the Standard YouTube License at