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Learning objects Seasons: latitude

TLF ID L5778

Control the motion of the Earth in its orbit around the Sun. Work out how the Earth’s orbit and the tilt of its axis determine daylight hours at different latitudes. For example, compare daylight hours during different seasons at the equator and at the poles. This learning object is part of a series of four objects. The series is also packaged as a combined learning object.

Educational details

Key learning objectives
  • Students describe the Earth's rotation on a tilted axis and its revolution around the Sun.
  • Students describe how the Earth's orbit combines with latitude to determine daylight hours and seasons.
  • Students identify how latitude and season influence day length.
  • Students relate the changing elevation of the Sun in the sky to latitude and season.
Educational value
  • Illustrates and explains the Earth’s orbit, daylight hours at different latitudes, and seasons.
  • Allows students to manipulate an interactive model of the Earth in its orbit to investigate the seasons and related phenomena.
  • Helps student understanding by showing simultaneous views of the Earth from different viewpoints.
  • Tests understanding by asking students to position the Earth in its orbit to correspond to important annual astronomical events.
  • Tests student understanding and interpretation through multiple-choice questions.
  • Provides structured feedback to student input.
Year level

7; 8

Learning area
  • science
  • Science/Earth and space sciences
  • Science/Science inquiry skills
  • Science/Science understanding
    • Science/Earth
    • Science/Heat
    • Science/Interactions
    • Science/Light
    • Science/Interdependence
    • Science/Weather
    • Science/Planets
    • Science/Observation
    • Science/Climate
    • Science/Conclusions
    • Science/Consequences
    • Science/Sun
    • Science/Sky
    • Science/Science
    • Science/Temperature
    • Science/Seasons
    • Knowledge;
    • Comprehension;
    • Application;
    • Analysis
    Student activity
    • Interactives;
    • Analysis;
    • Modelling;
    • Multiple choice questions
    Learning design
    • Independent learning;
    • Visual learning;
    • Demonstrations

    Other details

    • Publisher
    • Date of contribution: 28 Jan 2014
    • Organisation: Education Services Australia
    • Address: Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia
    • URL:
    • Script writer
    • Script writer
    • Subject matter expert
    • Educational validator
    • Name: Denis Goodrum
    • Organisation: Australian National University
    • Address: Canberra ACT 2600 Australia
    • URL:
    • Technical implementer
    • Subject matter expert
    • Name: Graham Coghill
    • Address: Marcus Beach QLD 4573 Australia
    Access profile
    • Colour independence
    • Device independence
    • Hearing independence
    Learning resource type
    • Interactive Resource
    • Microsoft Internet Explorer - minimum version: 8.0 (MS-Windows) - maximum version: 9.0 (MS-Windows)
    • Firefox - minimum version: (MS-Windows)
    • Safari - minimum version: 5.1 (MacOS)
    Operating systems
    • MacOS - minimum version: 10.6
    • MS-Windows - minimum version: XP - maximum version: 7
    • © Education Services Australia Ltd, 2013, except where indicated under Acknowledgements.