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Listed under:  Science  >  Earth and space  >  Landforms  >  Continents  >  Antarctica
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Classroom Antarctica: presenting Australia's new icebreaker

In this learning sequence, students prepare informative presentations about Australia’s new Antarctic icebreaker. The presentations might be digital, video, aural, dramatic or oral. They determine the criteria of effective presentations and use these when preparing their own presentations and reflecting on the work of others. ...

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A leopard seal on ice

This is a colour photograph of a leopard seal ('Hydrurga leptonyx') lying on an ice floe. The seal is long and sinuous, and has a small head and a dark grey dorsal surface with a lighter grey underbelly. The seal has recently eaten, and blood from its kill can be seen on the ice.

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Map of ocean gyres

This is a colour map showing the Earth's main ocean gyres - mounded circular currents - and the Antarctic circumpolar current. Segments of each gyre are colour-coded to show cold and warm currents.

Online

Classroom Antarctica: natural resources and waste management

This learning sequence investigates how basic human needs are met and the natural resources that are consumed aboard an icebreaker en route to Antarctica. Students research life aboard Australia's newest icebreaker and structure research questions to guide their inquiries. They can deliver their findings as a written, ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: breaking the ice

In this learning sequence students investigate the concept of force, simply described as a push or a pull. They find out how forces can change the shape or movement of an object and explore deformation: breaking, bending and how different materials react under different forces. Students plan and conduct a simple experiment ...

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Working among vegetation on Antarctica

This is a colour photograph showing a scientist walking across the rocky surface of one of the Dry Valleys of Antarctica. In the foreground, patches of moss and lichen can be seen growing around a shallow stream of meltwater.

Interactive

Why is the ozone hole bigger in the less polluted southern hemisphere?

This article provides an excellent model of a scientific explanation. It addresses the question "if the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere is much more polluted than it is in the southern hemisphere, why is there an ozone hole in the south and not in the north?"

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Lakes in Antarctica

Scientists are not complacent. We still have a lot to learn about the water cycle. The discovery of glacial lakes under the ice in Antarctica actively transporting water between reservoirs was a surprise. These lakes can be up to 3km beneath the ice sheets. The pressure of the ice above helps to melt the ice, forming lakes. ...

Interactive

Interactive maps

Interactive Maps is a discovery and exploration view of Geoscience Australia's geospatial services. Maps are organised under the following themes: Australian Marine Spatial Information System (AMSIS); Earth observation and satellite imagery, National location information; Geology and geophysics; Hazards; Marine and coastal; ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: travelling to Antarctica in the 20th century

This learning sequence explores the ways the design, specifications and travelling times of ships bound for Antarctica in the 20th century have changed. Students compare the features of a variety of vessels then create an annotated timeline that demonstrates how particular aspects of Antarctic ships have changed between ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Heard and McDonald Islands

This is a learning sequence that investigates questions related to the protection of significant landscapes such as sub-Antarctic islands. Students are guided to explore the climate, landforms, vegetation and wildlife of Heard Island. Through comparing two sub-Antarctic islands students gain an understanding of why these ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Technology in Antarctica

This learning sequence investigates the different types of technology that scientists use to better understand the animals of the Antarctic. Through guided research students explore scientific studies of animals in a marine ecosystem and identify how technology is used to monitor and track their movements and behaviours. ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Antarctic animal life cycles

This is a learning sequence exploring the life cycles of six Antarctic animals and comparing their life stages and development. A story plan template is provided to guide the creation of student stories. The activities are supported by resources sourced from the Australian Antarctic Divisions' scientific and environmental ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Predators and prey

In this learning sequence, students explore feeding relationships between Antarctic animals. They investigate food chains and explore different predator-prey relationships in the food web. The activity compares the food chains of blue whales and orcas (killer whales) and considers how the changes in the amount of daylight ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Living in Antarctica

In this learning sequence, students investigate the challenges of living in the driest and windiest continent on Earth. They interpret maps to understand how remote Australia's research stations are and hypothesise reasons for their locations. Students investigate daily life on a station, the different roles of the people ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Brr! A polar climate

This is a learning sequence that guides students to collect and analyse climate data to explore climate variations in different locations around the world including their own. The activity requires students to conduct a simple experiment and predict, then compare findings. Live links to web cams at the Australian stations ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Antarctic Adaptations

This is a learning sequence exploring how animals and plants survive the harsh Antarctic climate. A guided research template supports students to organise information from the Australian Antarctic Division website on the different physical, physiological and behavioural adaptations of the animals and plants in the region. ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: designing an icebreaker

In this learning sequence, students explore the science carried out on icebreakers and how icebreakers are designed. They research out how scientists and engineers use scale models, water tanks and ice tanks to design and test real ships. A final task invites students to design their own icebreaker, then test and refine ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: Antarctic animals

This is a learning sequence exploring the characteristics and features of living things in the Antarctic. Students are introduced to the term 'species' and explore how groups of living things are grouped and categorised by their distinguishing features. A series of animal and plant picture cards are used to create a simple ...

Online

Classroom Antarctica: water, snow and ice

This learning sequence investigates the water cycle in Antarctica. It explores the different types of ice found and how it forms. Using simple classroom experiments, students investigate the effects on water density of salinity and temperature and consider how these factors influence ocean movements. Activities also explore ...