History / Year 7 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

How historians and archaeologists investigate history, including excavation and archival research (ACDSEH001)

Elaborations
  • identifying different approaches to historical investigation such as the use of excavation and stratigraphy, oral history and use of data derived from radiocarbon dating
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Archaeology,  Archives

Teacher resource

Teaching history

This resource provides comprehensive information on good teaching practice in History education. It is suitable for pre-service teachers or experienced educators new to the discipline of History. It introduces the structure and requirements of the Australian History curriculum and includes film clip interviews with leaders ...

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How did the first humans live?

This 10 minute video in three parts offers an overview of what life was like in the ancient world. Part 1 introduces the Palaeolithic era, marked by the use of stone tools, focusing on Homo Sapiens, and the tools used to study this era - archaeology and anthropology. Part 2 discusses human foraging and the specialist techniques ...

Teacher resource

Ancient Roman empire

This is a collection of digital resources including image galleries, short videos and computer-generated re-creations for year 7 history. It has been designed specifically for depth studies on Investigating the ancient past and The Mediterranean world (Rome), with an emphasis on investigating primary and secondary sources. ...

Teacher resource

The ancient past

This is a unit of work that focuses on the Ancient World topic in the year 7 History curriculum. It encourages students to examine the role of archaeologists and apply the skills of inquiry to their own research. Through a series of learning sequences, teachers provide students with the case study of Narrabeen Man, an early ...

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Discoveries at Lake Mungo

Visit the site of a discovery of human remains that are so old they make Egyptian mummies seem recent. In this ABC documentary a reporter visits Lake Mungo in the Willandra Lakes region of western NSW to view the site of the discovery of ancient human remains and the ongoing work of archaeologists.

Teacher resource

Investigating the Ancient Past

Stage 4 Depth Study 1 - a unit of work developed around the skills used by historians and archaeologists.

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Ancient Egypt: secrets of the sands

Imagine descending into the depths of a tomb that was built thousands of years ago by the people of one the world's oldest and most fascinating civilisations. Join Jennifer Byrne as she visits ancient sites on Egypt's Giza Plateau to discover how and why the history of ancient Egypt is being constantly rewritten.

Interactive Resource

Sites2See: Ancient History at the British Museum

This resource links to a collection of resources with themes of cities, religion, buildings, technology, writing and trade. Resources include interactive learning activities such as the workings of a Greek household.

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Intro to Archaeology

This is a 5 minute video by a professor of archaeology who explains the work of an archaeologist. Archaeology is divided into two types - historical archaeology which is the study of written records left behind by civilisations, and prehistoric archaeology which is before written records eg the stone age. Archaeologists ...

Interactive Resource

African civilisations - online resource

This is an online resource comprising nine units of work about past civilisations of Africa developed by the British Museum. The civilisations are: ancient Egypt; Carthage; Great Zimbabwe; the kingdoms of Aksum, Benin, Kongo, Kush and Mali; and the Swahili Coast. They cover the time period from 3000 BCE to 1700 CE. Intended ...

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Archaeology and Macassan visitors to Australia

Experience the excitement of a team of archeologists conducting research about whether people from Indonesia could have visited Arnhem Land in northern Australia centuries earlier than such visits are generally believed to have begun. In this Stateline program from 2008, ABC reporters interview the archaeologists and record ...

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Archaeology unearths a mass-murder site

Discover a historic site that could reveal new evidence of the first recorded mass murder on Australian soil. The site is Beacon Island, a small island off the coast of Western Australia near present-day Geraldton. In this clip, reporter Mark Bennett visits the island with two members of a 1963 expedition that first investigated ...

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Why did people leave the Indus Valley?

Discover an ancient Indian civilisation that was excavated less than a century ago. This clip focuses on archaeological sources from the Indus Valley cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa and discusses theories about why these ancient cities were deserted around 1600 BCE. This clip is the last in a series of four.

Teacher resource

Ashoka and the Mauryan Empire

This learning sequence explores the ancient world of India with a particular focus on the Mauryan Empire, the edicts of King Ashoka and the Greek invasion of India.

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Art celebrates death in the Valley of the Kings

A number of Egyptian pharaohs were buried in elaborate tombs in the Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile River at Luxor. These tombs played a crucial role in beliefs about the afterlife of those who were housed within them, and they were decorated with detailed, symbolic reliefs. Find out how the extraordinary ...

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Ashoka the Great is for real

Imagine the excitement of discovering evidence that a great ancient ruler, whose story was believed to be a legend, was in fact a real historical figure. This clip looks at the Mauryan Empire in ancient India and the reign of Ashoka the Great, one of the most remarkable rulers in world history. This clip is the first in ...

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Indian history reveals more ancient civilisations

How far back in time does our knowledge of Indian civilisation extend? In this clip we investigate the Vedic civilisation, which emerged around 1500 BCE, and then turn to the much earlier Indus Valley civilisation. The Mauryan Empire of Chandragupta, Bindusara and Ashoka, by comparison, arose in the fourth century BCE. ...

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The world's oldest mummies

Where are the world's oldest mummies found? Follow the work of Chris Carter in Chile's Atacama Desert, as he documents the culture of the ancient Chinchorro people. This clip shows artefacts and mummified remains lying in the dry sand as the archeologists catalogue their findings.

Interactive resource

Lake Mungo (year 7)

This is a student resource, suitable for upper primary and lower secondary, about the archaeological discoveries at Lake Mungo and what they reveal about the Aboriginal peoples of ancient Australia. Six photographs in slideshow format depict Lake Mungo as it appears now and show archaeologists at work and visitors to the ...

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Stone axes and picks, early 1900s

This is an image showing six stone axes and picks made by people of the Warumungu and Tjingali groups near Tennant Creek in central Northern Territory. On average, the axes are 50 cm long and 20 cm wide, while the picks are 40 cm long and 25 cm wide.

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Djarrwark ga Dhalwanu, 1998

This is one of 80 bark paintings in the Saltwater Collection, created by artists of the Yolgnu people of north-east Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory. These works highlight the issue of Indigenous land and sea rights and use sacred art to inform balanda (non-Indigenous people) of Aboriginal land ownership, in order ...

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Shipwreck of the Dunbar at 'the Heads', 1857

The wreck of the clipper ship Dunbar off Sydney Heads in 1857 is regarded as the worst peacetime merchant shipping tragedy in NSW history. This letter was copied from a handwritten manuscript by James Graham, the signal master at South Head, Sydney, in 1857, and was printed in the Sydney Morning Herald on 22 August 1857, ...

Assessment resource

Year 7 history assessment - Investigating the ancient past: A history mystery

This is an assessment package that uses the Year 7 Australian Curriculum history achievement standard to gather evidence about how well students have demonstrated what they know, what they understand and what they can do for the depth study 'Investigating the Ancient Past' (between 60 000BC–c.650 AD). Using the context ...

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The spread of people to Australia

This is multilayered resource about the theories and evidence of how modern human beings reached Australia. It includes five sections: Origins of the first Australians; The Asian connection; Gateways into a new continent; The first Australians; and Important sites that hold archaeological evidence. The Related links section ...

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Rock painting, Carnarvon Gorge, 1938 - item 1 of 2

This sepia photograph of an Indigenous rock painting shows several stencilled hands and what appear to be boomerangs. In some of the images three fingers and thumb are prominent and in the central image the little finger is bent. The images appear to be well preserved. The photograph was taken in 1938 at Carnarvon Gorge ...

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Always check your sources

What better place can you imagine for a Library of Knowledge, where the answers to all questions can be found, than beneath the paws of the Sphinx? Sounds perfect. But how reliable are your sources of information? Make up your own mind as you watch this clip about ancient Egypt's legendary hall of records.

Interactive Resource

Hunt the ancestor

This is an interactive game about an archaeological dig or quest. The object is to find an ancient burial site and protect it from being destroyed by local quarry owners who want to extract chalk from the field. Students are given an amount of money and have to locate where the burial site is using a variety of research ...

Video

Indigenous Yarra bark canoe, c1850

This video features curator Richard Gillespie talking about the Yarra bark canoe in Museum Victoria's collection. The canoe was made in about 1850. The curator also discusses how this unique item made its way into the Museum. Still images are included in the video, and its duration is 3 min 12 sec.