History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The technological innovations that led to the Industrial Revolution, and other conditions that influenced the industrialisation of Britain  (ACDSEH017)

Elaborations
  • mapping the British Empire c.1800 AD (CE) and the raw materials it obtained from colonies (for example, sugar from Jamaica, wool from Australia and cotton from India)
  • explaining changes in technology (for example, steam-driven spinning mills, railways and steam ships) which led to factories and cities
  • identifying the spread of innovations such as steam power; iron and steel production; transport; and chemicals in Europe, USA and Japan
  • identifying factors that led to the Industrial Revolution such as the agricultural revolution, access to raw materials, wealthy middle class, cheap labour, transport system and expanding empire
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
ScOT terms

Industrialisation,  Natural resources,  Labour force,  Inventions,  Manufacturing processes

Teacher resource

Industrial Revolution

This is a unit of work for teachers about the Industrial Revolution. It has three main sections: Classroom unit - including an overview, the learning objectives and curriculum areas covered; Delivery - including duration, materials required and five worksheets; and the Procedure - explaining the sequencing of learning activities. ...

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How did change accelerate?

This 12 minute video is divided into two parts and presents an overview of the rapid development of the modern world. Part 1 presents reasons for the exponential growth in the world's population over the last 500 years including the development of global networks and commerce and the discovery of fossil fuel energy, which ...

Text

Agricultural produce: livestock

This is a website about Australia's agricultural industry in the 20th century. It includes information about the sheep, cattle and dairy industries but has a significant focus on the wool industry. The resource details the importance of the wool industry to Australia's developing economy and how the wool industry changed ...

Interactive Resource

Muck and brass

This interactive game is about town planning in Britain during the Industrial Revolution. It focuses on towns that have experienced rapid growth due to industrialisation but which have poor air quality and no efficient sewage disposal. Students assume the role of advisor to a town councillor who wants to improve the health ...

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Spinning mill animation

This resource is about spinning mills in 19th-century Britain. The animation shows how a spinning mill used line shafting to spin cotton. Students read text material, then view the stages of line shafting: coal-fired furnaces produce steam, which passes through the valves and powers the piston rod; the piston rod transfers ...

Text

Enslavement and industrialisation

This resource is about the slave-based trade with the Americas and its contribution to Britain in the 18th century and today. The resource is organised under the following topic headings: Consumers and slaves; the Atlantic boom; Slave-related trade; Profit margins; Inherited privilege; and Find out more. It includes text, ...

StillImage

Boulton and Watt steam engine, 1785

This is a Boulton and Watt steam engine, a double-acting beam type made of cast and wrought iron. It was made by the firm of Boulton and Watt in Birmingham, England, in 1785. It was used at Whitbread's Brewery in London between 1785 and 1887.

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Winding gear animation

This animated resource is about technical innovations in 19th-century Britain. It shows the winding gear used in coalmines to raise and lower people or equipment in a cage. Background material is provided, an animation shows how the winding gear operates and a quiz tests students' knowledge of the names of the parts of ...

Interactive Resource

Beam engine animation

This animated resource is about innovation in steam engine technology in 19th-century Britain. It shows an early steam engine called the beam engine, which was developed to pump out floodwater from the deep mines in Cornwall. It includes background material, an animation of the workings of the beam engine, a clear, detailed ...

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Vaulting over the Murray River to Federation, 1898

This sepia wash cartoon depicts federated Australia as a clothed kangaroo wearing a pack on its back and pole vaulting the Murray River. The kangaroo's belt is labelled 'FEDERATION', as is the pole, and the setting is a mountainous area somewhere along the course of the River. The cartoon, drawn by Livingston 'Hop' Hopkins, ...

Video

Gold rush in the West, 2007

Gold, more than any other single factor, transformed the Australian colonies. 'Gold rush in the West' is an excerpt from 'Pipe dreams' (55 min), the second episode of a three-part series entitled 'Constructing Australia', produced in 2007. Politics, tragedy and conquest combine in stories behind the building of Australia. ...

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Strike for better pay and conditions

How can not going to work help to improve pay? Find out the reasons why school teachers went on strike in June 2008. See how strike action can be used by workers to improve their working conditions and pay.

Text

Biodiversity and farming for a healthy planet

This is a digital resource containing information and resources, such as printable games, that relate to biodiversity and farming, and how food and materials can be produced while protecting the Earth's natural resources. It includes an extensive glossary of important terms, and external links to teacher and student resources ...

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Sharing stories: culture

This is a rich resource about the many intertwined aspects of Aboriginal cultures, including law, Country and Dreaming. It consists of an introduction, a teacher guide, three films made by Aboriginal students ('The Ngatji and paddle steamer', 'Bilwal medicine' and 'Thunderman') and two video interviews, one with Jarlmadangah ...

Teacher resource

Australian inventions timeline

This is a resource that uses the topic of Australian inventions and innovations to explore trade marks, patents and registered design. The resource includes learning activities that examine significant Australian inventions and innovations, the impact that these inventions and innovations have had on the development of ...

Collection

Gold rushes in Western Australia, 1890s

Gold was discovered at Coolgardie in 1892 and Kalgoorlie in 1893, and the finds sparked huge rushes to Western Australia. This collection of 25 digital curriculum resources focuses on these rushes and is organised into five categories: the rush to Coolgardie; Paddy Hannan and Kalgoorlie; prospecting for gold; life on the ...

Interactive Resource

Moments in Time

Moments in Time is an interactive timeline presenting key events that occurred around the world between 650 and 1918 CE. This innovative digital resource enables you to see what was happening, in different locations around the world, at any moment in time – simply scroll the timeline to travel through time and explore when ...

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Through our eyes: series 1

This series of 18 short videos provides insights into the land management practices and social, spiritual and cultural knowledge of the Ngemba, Kamilaroi and Euahlayi Aboriginal language groups in north-western NSW. The videos are presented by the Aboriginal Elders and knowledge-holders and cover a range of topics including ...

Teacher resource

Did Thomas Edison steal the idea for electric light globes?

This is a resource that uses the topic of the invention of the electric light globe, to explore intellectual property, in particular patents. The resource has a focus on the historical story behind the invention and questions if Thomas Edison was the true inventor. Topics explored include: how the electric light globe works; ...

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Australia's 21st-century gold rush

Have you ever imagined what it would be like to strike gold? During the 1800s, the dream of finding gold led to a huge increase in Australia's population and to many mines, but once these gold mines had been exploited they were abandoned. Find out why many formerly abandoned gold-mining sites across Australia today are ...