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History / Year 9 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The extension of settlement, including the effects of contact (intended and unintended) between European settlers in Australia and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACDSEH020)

Elaborations
  • explaining the effects of contact (for example, the massacres of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people; their killing of sheep; the spread of European diseases) and categorising these effects as either intended or unintended
  • investigating the forcible removal of children from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families in the late nineteenth century/early twentieth century (leading to the Stolen Generations), such as the motivations for the removal of children, the practices and laws that were in place, and experiences of separation.
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Aboriginal history,  Torres Strait Islander history,  Cultural interaction,  Invasion,  Colonies,  Human settlements

Online

Indigenous Stories about War and Invasion

This is a website about Indigenous experiences of invasion and war during the British invasion, World War I and World War II. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are eight story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and ...

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Online

Burke and Wills: Then and Now

This is a website about a journey in 2010 that retraced the 1860 Burke and Wills expedition from Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpentaria. Topics include: the landscape, the route, the flora and fauna, Burke’s tree, aboriginal bush foods and various interviews with experts and involved individuals. The resource is presented ...

Video

Governor Arthur Phillip's order to kill

How did Arthur Phillip, first governor of the colony of NSW - a man committed to peaceful and harmonious relations with Aboriginal Australians - come to authorise the first officially sanctioned killing of Aboriginal people? This clip re-enacts the fatal spearing in September 1790 of Gov. Phillip's gamekeeper John McIntyre, ...

Online

Seeing the Land from an Indigenous Canoe

This is website about the significant contribution Aboriginal people made in colonial times by guiding European explorers and colonists, stock and goods across the Victorian river systems. The resource includes introductory information and 31 Story Objects in the format of videos, audio, images and text. Each object also ...

Video

Justifying revenge killings in the colony of NSW

This re-enactment depicts the first official punitive expedition in Australia against Aboriginal people, ordered by Governor Phillip. It was the beginning of a pattern of conflict that would be repeated across the continent. A punitive expedition is a military journey undertaken to punish a group of people for alleged crimes ...

Video

Eora: mapping Aboriginal Sydney, 1770-1850

Why are artworks viewed as important sources of historical information? In this clip, you will see a range of artworks created about and by the Eora people, the original inhabitants of Port Jackson (site of today's Sydney Harbour). These artworks were part of a State Library of NSW exhibition in 2006, which was designed ...

Video

Lt William Dawes refuses to kill

Imagine how you would react if you were a soldier ordered to commit an atrocity. Would you obey your orders or, risking severe punishment, obey your conscience? In this re-enactment discover how three senior officers dealt with such an issue in 1790 when Governor Arthur Phillip ordered the killing of Aboriginal men as a ...

Video

Don't walk in these convict shoes

You might think being transported to the other side of the world to serve years of hard labour was enough punishment. But convicts sent to Australia in the early 1800s were also subject to various forms of torture if they didn't do exactly what they were told. Join Michelle Hetherington from the National Museum of Australia ...

Audio

Convict life in The Rocks, Sydney

Discover in this audio file what life was like for the convicts who first arrived in Sydney. Associate Professor Grace Karskens explains that, contrary to popular opinion, most convicts were not confined to gaol or work gangs. Many convicts settled in the Rocks area in their own houses and were able to conduct a normal ...

Video

Outback House - meeting the participants

Imagine leaving your home to travel back to a time over 150 years ago, to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work as a real station would have in the 1860s. Meet some of the participants and find out what job they ...

Video

Prime Minister Keating's Redfern address, 1992

On 10 December 1992, Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating delivered a speech in Redfern, Sydney at a celebration of the International Year of the World's Indigenous People. The speech addressed many of the injustices suffered by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the previous 200 years. Today, it is regarded ...

Video

Outback House - mucking up for the governess

Imagine leaving your home to travel back to a time over 150 years ago, to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work like a real station of the 1860s. Join a spelling lesson with the governess. Witness the children's ...

Video

Faith Bandler on voting yes in the 1967 referendum

In 1967, after 10 years of campaigning, Australia voted yes in the referendum on changing the way Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were referred to in the Constitution. Faith Bandler played an important role in campaigning for the yes vote. Do some research and find out more about this remarkable activist.

Video

Marcia Langton on racism

Marcia Langton, a teenager in 1967, reflects on her experiences of racism. What does she say about the language of racism? How have Marcia and Stan Snr experienced racism? And what does Marcia say are its effects? What do you think are the effects of racism?

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Packing for an Antarctic expedition (1954)

Listen to scientist Dr Phillip Law describe the requirements of packing for a year's stay on Antarctica. See historic footage of packing the ship Kista Dan for the 1954 expedition to Antarctica. The Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition (ANARE) was established to set up scientific research stations in the Antarctic ...

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Why locals love living in Kenilworth

Kenilworth is a small town in rural Queensland with a close-knit community that takes great pride in their town's history and connectedness. In this clip you will hear long-standing locals, as well as a newcomer, describe the relaxed lifestyle, local businesses, attractions and history of Kenilworth.

Video

Outback House: Mal's perspective

Imagine leaving your home to travel back to about 150 years ago, to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on 'Oxley Downs', a sheep station built to look and work like an 1860s station. Join Mal Burns, a station hand and member of the Wiradjuri people, as he builds ...

Video

Navigating 'The Secret River'

Kate Grenville's multiple-award-winning novel 'The Secret River' explores an earlier period of Australian history. What is it that makes this novel so compelling and troubling for its many Australian readers? As you watch this clip, consider how this book encourages readers to re-evaluate their beliefs and values.

Video

Learn to count in Kaurna!

Presenter Taylor Power-Smith helps us learn to count to ten in Kaurna, the Indigenous language of the Kaurna people of Adelaide and the Adelaide Plains.