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History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Overview of the causes and course of World War II (ACDSEH024)

Elaborations
  • outlining the contributing factors of World War II (for example, the outcomes of the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations; the rise of Hitler and Japan’s imperial ambitions)
  • identifying key events in the European theatre of war (for example, Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939; the Holocaust 1942–1945; the Russians reaching Berlin in 1945)
  • identifying key events in the Asia-Pacific theatre of war (for example, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941; the fall of Singapore in 1942; the American victory at the Battle of Midway in 1942)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Invasion,  Military campaigns,  World War II,  International relations

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Online

A democracy destroyed - unit of work

This is an extended unit of work for the mid-secondary years about how the Nazis destroyed democracy in Germany and how democracy is protected in Australia. The unit contains four focus questions that are explored through sequences of learning with student activities and assessment tasks. Teacher notes, assessment criteria ...

Video

Towards World War II: appeasing the fascists

In 1935 and '37, Australian Prime Minister Joseph Lyons met Italy's fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini. Lyons supported the international policy of 'appeasement', which sought to avoid a second world war by placating the demands of fascist leaders such as Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. Neither Lyons's diplomacy or the notion ...

Online

Ghettos: the struggle to live

The Nazis established hundreds of ghettos, mainly in Eastern Europe, to isolate the Jews from the rest of the population and to control them more effectively. In the ghettos, Jews were forced to work for the Germans as slave labourers. What was life like in these over-crowded ghettos? Many died due to harsh conditions, ...

Online

The beginning of the end

What was Jewish life like in Europe before World War II and how did the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party change this? Learn more about this tragic period directly from the artefacts and voices of Melbourne Holocaust survivors.

Interactive

WeCommemorate

WeCommemorate is a series of challenges for teachers to use with students to commemorate Australia's involvement in the First World War. These project-based challenges have been designed to engage students from Early Stage 1 to Stage 5 in the production of creative multimedia works and to develop 21st century learning skills. ...

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World War II: summary outline of key events

This resource is a summary of key events of World War II from 1939 to 1945. It is organised as an annotated timeline with brief descriptions of the events of each year. Further information about the context and background to the main events of each year is included under the timeline.

Interactive

Interactive map of Auschwitz

This interactive map is about the evolution of the concentration camp complex at Auschwitz in Poland. It outlines the racial and biological basis of Nazi persecution, and traces the development of the camp established at Auschwitz. A series of maps and explanatory text describe: German territorial expansion by 1942; anti-Jewish ...

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WWII: witnessing the Holocaust

The resource contains personal accounts of persecution and genocide committed by the Nazi regime. It consists of broadcasts, a recording and documents. It includes 17 interviews with people who were survivors of concentration camps or were among the first to enter the camps after they were liberated. There are nine documents, ...

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Rations and coupon shopping

Discover what it was like to go shopping in Australia during World War II. See how people in the 1940s had to live with restrictions on how much they could buy (rationing). Find out how rationing was an attempt to make the distribution of necessary goods, such as food and clothing, equal for everybody.

Interactive

Laptop wrap: Impact of World War II on Australian civilians

This resource is a page with a focus on the impact of World War II on Australian civilians, addressing empathy in History and ethical use of sources, with supporting activities and links to resources.

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Reinforcing the 39th on the Kokoda Trail

On 21 July 1942, thousands of Japanese troops landed on the north coast of Papua in order to advance south along the steep, muddy Kokoda Trail. Their objective: capture Port Moresby. In this clip from the Department of Veterans' Affairs, find out how reinforcements from the Australian Imperial Force's 21st Brigade contributed ...

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Getting around town during the war years

During a fuel crisis, how do most people get around? In Australia during World War II, fuel was rationed (restricted so that people could buy only limited amounts), as it was in very short supply. Car parts were also in limited supply, so they were hard to replace. Hear some accounts of that time and watch footage from ...

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The German Club in Adelaide decorated for Hitler's birthday, 1939

This is a black-and-white photograph that shows the German Club in Adelaide decorated for a celebration of the 50th birthday of the German Fuhrer (leader) Adolf Hitler. The photograph, which was taken on 20 April 1939 just five months before the start of the Second World War, shows a flight of flower-adorned steps leading ...

Audio

Townsville air raid, 1942

Australia has never been invaded. Nevertheless, isolated attacks on Australian soil have killed and injured hundreds of people, destroyed property, and made many people fearful of a large-scale invasion. In July 1942, Japanese aircraft attacked Townsville, Queensland, bombing the wharf and the surrounding area. This audio ...

Audio

Kokoda campaign, 1942

Have you ever heard of the Kokoda Trail? This was the site of one of Australia's most famous campaigns in World War II, one that helped to define the national character. From July to November 1942, this rugged jungle trail saw some of the most fiercely contested battles for territory between the Australians and the Japanese. ...

Video

The fall of Singapore, February 1942

Experience the shock and despair of Australian soldiers on the island of Singapore in February 1942, as Japanese forces invade what was held to be Britain's 'island fortress'. This video follows events from 8 February, when many thousands of Japanese launched attacks from the tip of Malaya, up to 15 February when the British ...

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African American salary disparity, 1968

How does it feel to be paid less than another person doing the same job, because of the colour of your skin? During the 1960s, this was the plight of many professional African Americans who were not paid equally for doing the same work as their white counterparts. Listen to David Dinkins, a New York lawyer, share his experiences.

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Defending civil rights: an activist's perspective

What happens when the members of a society feel like they have no hope? This is the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in 1968, who find themselves in a cycle of poverty. Civil rights activists like Al Cook offer a solution to the problem: fight back.

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Eora: mapping Aboriginal Sydney, 1770-1850

Why are artworks viewed as important sources of historical information? In this clip, you will see a range of artworks created about and by the Eora people, the original inhabitants of Port Jackson (site of today's Sydney Harbour). These artworks were part of a State Library of NSW exhibition in 2006, which was designed ...