History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

Overview of the causes and course of World War II (ACDSEH024)

Elaborations
  • outlining the contributing factors of World War II (for example, the outcomes of the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations; the rise of Hitler and Japan’s imperial ambitions)
  • identifying key events in the European theatre of war (for example, Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939; the Holocaust 1942–1945; the Russians reaching Berlin in 1945)
  • identifying key events in the Asia-Pacific theatre of war (for example, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941; the fall of Singapore in 1942; the American victory at the Battle of Midway in 1942)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Invasion,  Military campaigns,  World War II,  International relations

Interactive Resource

WeCommemorate

WeCommemorate is a series of challenges for teachers to use with students to commemorate Australia's involvement in the First World War. These project-based challenges have been designed to engage students from Early Stage 1 to Stage 5 in the production of creative multimedia works and to develop 21st century learning skills. ...

Collection

The beginning of the end

What was Jewish life like in Europe before World War II and how did the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party change this? Learn more about this tragic period directly from the artefacts and voices of Melbourne Holocaust survivors.

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Collection

Ghettos: the struggle to live

The Nazis established hundreds of ghettos, mainly in Eastern Europe, to isolate the Jews from the rest of the population and to control them more effectively. In the ghettos, Jews were forced to work for the Germans as slave labourers. What was life like in these over-crowded ghettos? Many died due to harsh conditions, ...

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Towards World War II: appeasing the fascists

In 1935 and '37, Australian Prime Minister Joseph Lyons met Italy's fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini. Lyons supported the international policy of 'appeasement', which sought to avoid a second world war by placating the demands of fascist leaders such as Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. Neither Lyons's diplomacy or the notion ...

Teacher resource

A democracy destroyed - unit of work

This is an extended unit of work for the mid-secondary years about how the Nazis destroyed democracy in Germany and how democracy is protected in Australia. The unit contains four focus questions that are explored through sequences of learning with student activities and assessment tasks. Teacher notes, assessment criteria ...

Interactive Resource

The price of freedom: Americans at war - online exhibition

This is a richly illustrated online exhibition about Americans at war by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. It contains 13 major sections, one comprising up to 18 screens, covering conflicts from the War of Independence (1775-83) to 'new American roles' (1989-present). The exhibition also provides the ...

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World War II: summary outline of key events

This resource is a summary of key events of World War II from 1939 to 1945. It is organised as an annotated timeline with brief descriptions of the events of each year. Further information about the context and background to the main events of each year is included under the timeline.

Teacher resource

Political rhetoric and propaganda - unit of work

This unit focuses on political propaganda and rhetoric used in Australia, particularly during the Second World War. It uses speeches, photos, posters and films to provide students with the opportunity to analyse the ways in which messages can be conveyed in wartime and encourages them to be more critical of the information ...

Interactive Resource

Interactive map of Auschwitz

This interactive map is about the evolution of the concentration camp complex at Auschwitz in Poland. It outlines the racial and biological basis of Nazi persecution, and traces the development of the camp established at Auschwitz. A series of maps and explanatory text describe: German territorial expansion by 1942; anti-Jewish ...

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WWII: witnessing the Holocaust

The resource contains personal accounts of persecution and genocide committed by the Nazi regime. It consists of broadcasts, a recording and documents. It includes 17 interviews with people who were survivors of concentration camps or were among the first to enter the camps after they were liberated. There are nine documents, ...

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Defending White Australia against Japan, 1941

This is a typed extract from the transcript of a speech by Australian prime minister John Curtin to the House of Representatives on 16 December 1941, in which he declares that Australia will resist any Japanese invasion. Curtin states that Australia had been established for more than 150 years by British people with 'White ...

Video

Bomb damage in Darwin, c1943

This is an excerpt from a silent black-and-white documentary showing the aftermath of the bombing of Darwin, which was probably filmed in 1943. It shows damage to buildings caused by bombs and machine guns. Buildings featured include commercial premises such as the Bank of New South Wales and Gordon's Don Hotel, as well ...

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The German Club in Adelaide decorated for Hitler's birthday, 1939

This is a black-and-white photograph that shows the German Club in Adelaide decorated for a celebration of the 50th birthday of the German Fuhrer (leader) Adolf Hitler. The photograph, which was taken on 20 April 1939 just five months before the start of the Second World War, shows a flight of flower-adorned steps leading ...

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'While there is still time', 1943 - part 9 of 11

This is an excerpt taken from a dramatised 1943 black-and-white war propaganda film titled 'While there is still time', which was made to persuade Australians at home to work and save for the war effort. This excerpt shows a trench in Libya. One soldier, Larry, reads a letter to the injured Jim from Jim's girlfriend, Gracie ...

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Australian History Timeline

This is a multilayered website featuring an interactive historical timeline of Australia divided into decades post 1770s, as well as a section on pre 1770s Indigenous and non-Indigenous history. The home page is made of images and timeline dates that hyperlink to further information on each decade. Each decade has links ...

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Australian recruitment statistics for the First World War, 1919

This is one side of a two-sided printed document titled 'The Great War 1914-1919'. It shows the number of men in Australia who enlisted for military service during the First World War. Under a cameo image of King George V flanked by the crossed flags of Australia and the UK, the three major dates for the start and end of ...

Moving Image

Reinforcing the 39th on the Kokoda Trail

On 21 July 1942, thousands of Japanese troops landed on the north coast of Papua in order to advance south along the steep, muddy Kokoda Trail. Their objective: capture Port Moresby. In this clip from the Department of Veterans' Affairs, find out how reinforcements from the Australian Imperial Force's 21st Brigade contributed ...

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Australians at War - The Thin Khaki Line, 2002: A war of nerves

This clip uses black-and-white archival footage, photographs, music and interviews to re-create a series of events in 1942 in which Japanese troops were prevented from advancing along the Kokoda Track to Port Moresby. An image of a map opens the sequence and a narrator explains the events. Footage shows Mustang aeroplanes ...

Collection

Kokoda Track

This is a collection of digital curriculum resources about the Australian campaign to hold the Kokoda Track in World War II. The resources are grouped into two categories - battle along the Kokoda Track; and role of the Papuans. The collection includes documentary footage and one of the iconic photographs from the war, ...