History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

Overview of the causes and course of World War II (ACDSEH024)

Elaborations
  • outlining the contributing factors of World War II (for example, the outcomes of the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations; the rise of Hitler and Japan’s imperial ambitions)
  • identifying key events in the European theatre of war (for example, Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939; the Holocaust 1942–1945; the Russians reaching Berlin in 1945)
  • identifying key events in the Asia-Pacific theatre of war (for example, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941; the fall of Singapore in 1942; the American victory at the Battle of Midway in 1942)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
ScOT terms

Invasion,  Military campaigns,  World War II,  International relations

Text

Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

Online

Ghettos: the struggle to live

The Nazis established hundreds of ghettos, mainly in Eastern Europe, to isolate the Jews from the rest of the population and to control them more effectively. In the ghettos, Jews were forced to work for the Germans as slave labourers. What was life like in these over-crowded ghettos? Many died due to harsh conditions, ...

Online

The beginning of the end

What was Jewish life like in Europe before World War II and how did the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party change this? Learn more about this tragic period directly from the artefacts and voices of Melbourne Holocaust survivors.

Video

Towards World War II: appeasing the fascists

In 1935 and '37, Australian Prime Minister Joseph Lyons met Italy's fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini. Lyons supported the international policy of 'appeasement', which sought to avoid a second world war by placating the demands of fascist leaders such as Mussolini and Adolf Hitler. Neither Lyons's diplomacy or the notion ...

Interactive

Discovering democracy: a democracy destroyed

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore, through the demise of democracy in Germany in 1933, how the justice system can be used for undemocratic purposes. Complete a related task.

Online

A democracy destroyed - unit of work

This is an extended unit of work for the mid-secondary years about how the Nazis destroyed democracy in Germany and how democracy is protected in Australia. The unit contains four focus questions that are explored through sequences of learning with student activities and assessment tasks. Teacher notes, assessment criteria ...

Interactive

WeCommemorate

WeCommemorate is a series of challenges for teachers to use with students to commemorate Australia's involvement in the First World War. These project-based challenges have been designed to engage students from Early Stage 1 to Stage 5 in the production of creative multimedia works and to develop 21st century learning skills. ...

Video

Harlem co-op supermarket, 1968

What would you do if you found out that you were being sold inferior groceries, at higher prices, just because of the colour of your skin? Harlem resident Cora Walker explains that this was the situation faced by members of Harlem's African American community in the late 1960s. See how the residents joined together to address ...

Video

Suharto's son 'Tommy' to build the national car

Can you imagine waking up to find out that the nation's leader had decided to give his own son the exclusive right to build and sell the national car? This is exactly what Indonesia's president Suharto did in 1996, when he granted exclusive rights to his son, Hutomo Mandala Putra (Tommy), to produce the 'Timor'.

Video

Sukarno's collaboration with Japan during WW II

Imagine that, in order to preserve your freedom, you had to fight alongside your enemy. During World War II, Indonesian nationalists - led by Sukarno - collaborated with Japanese invaders. Richard Oxenburgh's commentary provides a well-argued historical explanation for Sukarno's collaboration with the Japanese in Indonesia.

Video

Japan enters World War II

The Japanese bombing of the American naval base at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941 caught the USA, Britain and their allies by surprise, as did the rapid progress of Japanese forces through Southeast Asia. This British Movietone newsreel captures Great Britain's response to Japan's sudden entry into World War II.

Video

Military success for WW II Allies in North Africa

In August 1940, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini ordered the invasion of Egypt. His plan was, in part, to take control of the Suez Canal and the rich oil fields that lay beyond. In December 1940, Allied forces launched a successful counterattack, recapturing the fortified town of Sidi Barrani and pushing on to Tobruk in ...

Video

Surrender: the only option for the Son of Heaven

The Japanese surrender at the end of World War II was preceded by a heavy bombing campaign by the Allied forces, culminating in the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Germany had already surrendered, and with the devastation wrought on his country, it was inevitable that Japan's Emperor Hirohito would follow ...

Video

Turning young civilians into regular soldiers

Australia was not the only country to debate the issue of conscription. This Movietone newsreel from the late 1930s shows Great Britain considering the merits of conscripting young men into the armed services.

Video

What Australia wants is alliance with Britain!

In this Movietone clip from the 1930s, former Prime Minister William 'Billy' Hughes argues that Australia must maintain 'unity and strength' with the British Empire.

Video

Bravery under fire: Australian war nurses

Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) nurses were ordered to leave Singapore in the days before the city fell to Japanese forces, a critical phase in World War II. The ship on which the nurses travelled came under fire and many were killed while attending to wounded soldiers and passengers. In this newsreel, listen to ...

Video

Building the atomic bomb

The use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki hastened the surrender of Japan, bringing World War II to an end. The bombs killed more than 100,000 people immediately, while thousands more died of starvation, disease and radioactive exposure in the ensuing months. This US newsreel footage from 1945 presents ...

Video

Placating Billy Hughes in the Treaty of Versailles

When Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes joined World War I victors at the Palace of Versailles to determine the future of the post-war world, would he seek a lasting peace, or revenge and compensation for his country's losses? US President Woodrow Wilson, an idealist, wanted self-determination for the world's peoples, ...

Video

End-of-war celebrations, Sydney, 1945

Have you ever wondered what the end of World War II meant to Australians in 1945? Discover what it was like for those on the streets of Sydney just an hour after the announcement that war in the Pacific was over. Listen to ABC reporter Talbot Duckmanton describe the scenes of jubilation as he broadcasts live from the ABC's ...

Video

Prime Minister Paul Keating visits Indonesia

If a country is potentially guilty of human rights abuses, is it better to shun it, or welcome it back into the international fold? On his first overseas journey as prime minister, Paul Keating arrives in Indonesia in 1992 to meet with president Suharto, determined to improve relations between the two countries.