History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

The background to environmental awareness, including the nineteenth century National Parks movement in America and Australia (ACDSEH028)

Elaborations
  • outlining the emergence of concerns about the preservation of natural areas for future generations (for example, as reflected in the establishment of national parks in the United States (Yellowstone National Park in 1872), Australia (Royal National Park in 1879), Canada (Rocky Mountains National Park in 1885) and New Zealand (Tongariro National Park in 1887))
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

National parks,  Environmental stewardship,  Conservation (Environment)

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Video

Coal-waste conflict

Watch this confrontation between a conservationist group and a coal-mining executive in 1973. The coal mine in Coalcliff was given the all-clear from the State Planning Authority to dump coal-mining waste on the Illawarra escarpment. This happened before a planned official inquiry into the issue.

Video

Lake Pedder's future

How do you measure the worth of a beautiful natural site - in terms of the hydro-electric power it can produce or the beauty, stillness and grandeur that it affords people who visit? This 1972 clip from 'This Day Tonight' focuses on the physical and aesthetic attributes of Tasmania's Lake Pedder. Reporter Peter Ross stands ...

Video

Funding conservation charities

Imagine that, while working for a company responsible for pollution, you were a member of a commission to control pollution. This clip looks at such conflicts of interest between big business and conservation. The reporter explores the issue of whether an anti-pollution commission can be truly independent if people holding ...

Video

Industrialisation versus conservation

The conflict between industry and conservation is not a new one. This clip, taken from a 1973 Four Corners program, highlights the conflict between those wishing to preserve Australia's natural environment and those representing industrial interests. Industry is shown to be spending millions of dollars to prevent pollution. ...

Video

Jack Mundey, the BLF and 'green bans'

Imagine a trade union whose members fought not only for better pay and working conditions, but to save parts of Australia's natural and built environment. This ABC Nationwide clip explores the career of Jack Mundey during the 1970s when he led the New South Wales branch of the Builders Labourers Federation (BLF) in campaigns ...

Video

Franklin River campaign

How important is the environment in an election campaign? In this clip, explore the issue that changed Australia's conservation landscape forever: the fight to save the Franklin River. Watch how the Tasmanian Wilderness Society used political and media strategies to influence the outcome of the 1983 federal election in ...

Video

Perspectives on the Exxon Valdez oil spill

What happens to the ocean, and to the people who depend upon it, when a massive oil tanker spews oil? In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil spill polluted waterways and killed the fish that locals in Alaska depended upon to make a living. In this 2008 clip, members of the local community explain how, almost two decades later, they ...

Video

The fight to save Kelly's Bush

Discover why a determined group of residents in one of Sydney's wealthier suburbs stood up to their local council, the New South Wales government and a big property developer. This ABC report explores the controversy surrounding the planned development of Kelly's Bush, situated beside Sydney Harbour at Woolwich, and the ...

Video

Prince Philip and the conservation debate

Public figures have a high public profile and should act responsibly when commenting on important issues. This clip, taken from a 1973 Four Corners program, highlights the Duke of Edinburgh's apparent change in attitude towards environmental issues. While he suggests that Australia should relax its conservation efforts, ...

Video

Alpine logging protest

A coffin filled with mountain ash seedlings is carried up the steps of Victoria's Parliament House as part of a demonstration against the logging of mountain ash trees in Victoria's Alpine National Park. Find out why protestors carrying the coffin in this 1980 news clip regarded the proposal to log the mountain ash too ...

Video

Fighting for Lake Pedder

How far would you be prepared to go in defence of a principle you felt strongly about? Enter a tent on the shores of doomed Lake Pedder in 1972 and listen to three determined people explain why they are protesting against the plan to flood Tasmania's Lake Pedder. The clip includes environmental activist Brenda Hean who ...

Video

Peter Beggs and public reserves

Imagine that the beautiful stretch of foreshore that you had maintained and developed was actually a public reserve that you had appropriated for your own use. This is what happened with the Hermitage Foreshore Reserve in Woollahra; a situation that was exposed by activist and conservationist Peter Beggs in 1980. This ...

Video

Public access denied

How can the public reclaim their right to access to Sydney's harbourside reserves? This 1980 clip from ABC's 'Nationwide' program shows reporter Richard Palfreyman discussing with conservationist Vincent Serventy the battle between private and public interest around the edges of the Sydney Harbour. They discuss ways private ...

Interactive

Discovering democracy: getting things done

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore how change can be bought about by people taking action and putting pressure on their elected representatives. The issue of the Franklin Dam in Tasmania is used as a case study. Complete a related task.

Image

Logging trucks blockade Parliament House, Canberra, 1995

This is a black-and-white photograph measuring 16 cm x 21 cm, taken by Reg Alder in January 1995, of logging trucks involved in a blockade of Parliament House in Canberra. The trucks are large articulated units and one has a banner attached referring to the timber industry. The protest was a reaction against the Australian ...

Image

The 1864 eight-hour day demonstration

This is a black-and-white print that shows the eight-hour day demonstration entering the Zoological Gardens (now the Royal Melbourne Zoo) in Melbourne, Victoria. The large procession of people, some carrying banners and flags, can be seen in the background, while in the foreground, several spectators including a few policemen ...

Audio

Chris Arthur recalls the Franklin River campaign, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of an interview with Chris Arthur, a Tasmanian environmentalist, who describes being arrested and imprisoned in December 1982 after participating in a blockade of a site linked to a proposed project to dam the Franklin River in south-western Tasmania. He also talks about how he has gone ...

Image

Nici Cumpston, 'Campsite V, Nookamka Lake', 2008

This is a photographic print by Barkindji/Paakintji artist Nici Cumpston (b1963) depicting Nookamka, a freshwater lake situated in the Riverland region of South Australia. The work is shown as an enlargeable image. Text onscreen gives information about the Murray-Darling River system’s degradation, and a description of ...

Online

The Australian environment movement: 1970–80

Why and how did the Australian environment movement gain political momentum in the early 1970s? This resource's media footage from that time reflects elements of the environment movement's growing influence, its values, language, arguments, strategies, accommodations and political challenges.