History / Year 10 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

The background to environmental awareness, including the nineteenth century National Parks movement in America and Australia (ACDSEH028)

Elaborations
  • outlining the emergence of concerns about the preservation of natural areas for future generations (for example, as reflected in the establishment of national parks in the United States (Yellowstone National Park in 1872), Australia (Royal National Park in 1879), Canada (Rocky Mountains National Park in 1885) and New Zealand (Tongariro National Park in 1887))
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

National parks,  Environmental stewardship,  Conservation (Environment)

Video

National parks: Australian Alps

This is a colour clip highlighting the Australian Alps: their landscapes in summer and winter; distinctive flora and fauna; and contribution to Australian identity through the poem 'The man from Snowy River' and the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. The clip contains a long sequence showing stockmen chasing brumbies. ...

Video

Give Trees a Chance: The Story of Terania Creek, 1980: Trees get a chance

This clip shows environmental protesters and police at Terania Creek in northern New South Wales during the month-long occupation of the area in 1979. Protesters and police make their way along a forest track and the narration, by Australian actor Jack Thompson, describes the protest as the 'first all-out environmental ...

Image

Miners outside a hut in the bush at Gympie, c1870

This is a photograph, taken about 1870, which has been over-painted in oils by Richard Daintree (1832-78). It measures 38.8 cm x 60.5 cm. Seven men sit or stand in front of a bark-and-log hut in the bush at Gympie, Queensland. They are relaxed and appear to be dressed in their best clothes. One man wears what seems to be ...

Video

Paper Trail, the Life and Times of a Woodchip, 1991: Unprotected forests in danger

This clip shows old-growth forests in south-eastern Australia and some of the animals that inhabit them. A voice-over narration describes the diversity of the forests, explains that science is only just beginning to understand the complexity of their ecosystems. It warns of the devastating environmental effects of destroying ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: getting things done

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore how change can be bought about by people taking action and putting pressure on their elected representatives. The issue of the Franklin Dam in Tasmania is used as a case study. Complete a related task.

Video

A Voice for the Wilderness, 1983: Wilderness

This clip shows colour footage of a pristine forest and some of the creatures that inhabit it. It has a voice-over narrative promoting the importance of the idea as well as the reality of wilderness. A music soundtrack is maintained throughout the clip, which ends with the sound of birdsong.

Moving Image

Industrialisation versus conservation

The conflict between industry and conservation is not a new one. This clip, taken from a 1973 Four Corners program, highlights the conflict between those wishing to preserve Australia's natural environment and those representing industrial interests. Industry is shown to be spending millions of dollars to prevent pollution. ...

Moving Image

Franklin River campaign

How important is the environment in an election campaign? In this clip, explore the issue that changed Australia's conservation landscape forever: the fight to save the Franklin River. Watch how the Tasmanian Wilderness Society used political and media strategies to influence the outcome of the 1983 federal election in ...

Moving Image

Funding conservation charities

Imagine that, while working for a company responsible for pollution, you were a member of a commission to control pollution. This clip looks at such conflicts of interest between big business and conservation. The reporter explores the issue of whether an anti-pollution commission can be truly independent if people holding ...

Image

The 1864 eight-hour day demonstration

This is a black-and-white print that shows the eight-hour day demonstration entering the Zoological Gardens (now the Royal Melbourne Zoo) in Melbourne, Victoria. The large procession of people, some carrying banners and flags, can be seen in the background, while in the foreground, several spectators including a few policemen ...

Image

Habitability map of Australia, 1946

This is a black-and-white map of Australia showing areas of 'habitability' (where people can live) based on the quality of agricultural or pastoral land. The map shows the correlation between quality of agricultural and pastoral land and density of population, which is indicated by black lines. Coalfields are also noted ...

Moving Image

Fighting for Lake Pedder

How far would you be prepared to go in defence of a principle you felt strongly about? Enter a tent on the shores of doomed Lake Pedder in 1972 and listen to three determined people explain why they are protesting against the plan to flood Tasmania's Lake Pedder. The clip includes environmental activist Brenda Hean who ...

Moving Image

Lake Pedder's future

How do you measure the worth of a beautiful natural site - in terms of the hydro-electric power it can produce or the beauty, stillness and grandeur that it affords people who visit? This 1972 clip from 'This Day Tonight' focuses on the physical and aesthetic attributes of Tasmania's Lake Pedder. Reporter Peter Ross stands ...

Moving Image

Jack Mundey, the BLF and 'green bans'

Imagine a trade union whose members fought not only for better pay and working conditions, but to save parts of Australia's natural and built environment. This ABC Nationwide clip explores the career of Jack Mundey during the 1970s when he led the New South Wales branch of the Builders Labourers Federation (BLF) in campaigns ...

Moving Image

Perspectives on the Exxon Valdez oil spill

What happens to the ocean, and to the people who depend upon it, when a massive oil tanker spews oil? In 1989, the Exxon Valdez oil spill polluted waterways and killed the fish that locals in Alaska depended upon to make a living. In this 2008 clip, members of the local community explain how, almost two decades later, they ...

Moving Image

Alpine logging protest

A coffin filled with mountain ash seedlings is carried up the steps of Victoria's Parliament House as part of a demonstration against the logging of mountain ash trees in Victoria's Alpine National Park. Find out why protestors carrying the coffin in this 1980 news clip regarded the proposal to log the mountain ash too ...

Moving Image

Coal-waste conflict

Watch this confrontation between a conservationist group and a coal-mining executive in 1973. The coal mine in Coalcliff was given the all-clear from the State Planning Authority to dump coal-mining waste on the Illawarra escarpment. This happened before a planned official inquiry into the issue.

Image

Logging trucks blockade Parliament House, Canberra, 1995

This is a black-and-white photograph measuring 16 cm x 21 cm, taken by Reg Alder in January 1995, of logging trucks involved in a blockade of Parliament House in Canberra. The trucks are large articulated units and one has a banner attached referring to the timber industry. The protest was a reaction against the Australian ...

Moving Image

Peter Beggs and public reserves

Imagine that the beautiful stretch of foreshore that you had maintained and developed was actually a public reserve that you had appropriated for your own use. This is what happened with the Hermitage Foreshore Reserve in Woollahra; a situation that was exposed by activist and conservationist Peter Beggs in 1980. This clip ...

Image

Bullock team and horses at Cobargo, c1900-10

This is a black-and-white photograph of a bullock team yoked to a dray carrying wood, with the driver standing alongside. Taken outside the two-storey Cobargo Hotel in New South Wales, a man on horseback and a horse-drawn vehicle are also present, and men and women are standing on both levels of the hotel's veranda.