History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

Significant developments and/or cultural achievements that led to Viking expansion, including weapons and shipbuilding, and the extent of their trade (ACDSEH047)

Elaborations
  • describing Viking craft with particular emphasis on the production of weapons (for example, swords, battle axes and helmets)
  • outlining the key role of gods such as Odin, Thor, Frey and Freyja in Viking religion and the adoption of Christianity during the Viking period
  • investigating the construction of longboats and their role in exploration, including innovations in keel and sail design.
  • describing evidence of Viking trade between Russia (Kiev) and the east (through Constantinople)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Inventions,  International trade,  Scandinavian history,  Weapons,  Boatbuilding

Interactive Resource

Vikings: the north Atlantic saga - online exhibition

This is an online exhibition rich in historical information, animations and source material about the Vikings in general and their westward expansion in particular. The exhibition, developed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, contains three elements, two intended for students and one for teachers. ...

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How do we know about the Vikings?

This resource is about the Viking people and how we know about them. It describes all the known sources for the Vikings including physical evidence such as runestones and coins, and written evidence such as sagas, skaldic verses, monastic chronicles and letters. Place-names, language and DNA analysis are other sources of ...

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Eric Bloodaxe

This resource is about Eric Bloodaxe, a Viking legend and the last Viking king of Northumbria. It includes text and some images. The resource is organised under six topic headings: What's in a name?; Exile to England; Invader or guest?; Conquest and reconquest; The end of the story; and Find out more. The images are interposed ...

Teacher resource

Australian inventions timeline

This is a resource that uses the topic of Australian inventions and innovations to explore trade marks, patents and registered design. The resource includes learning activities that examine significant Australian inventions and innovations, the impact that these inventions and innovations have had on the development of ...

Moving Image

The end of Japan's isolation

Under the shoguns, Japan was deliberately isolated from the outside world from around 1600 CE. However, by the mid-19th century, Western imperialism was entering a new phase of expansion that no Asian state was able to resist. Discover what happened when the West came beating on the doors of a closed society. This clip ...

Teacher resource

Did Thomas Edison steal the idea for electric light globes?

This is a resource that uses the topic of the invention of the electric light globe, to explore intellectual property, in particular patents. The resource has a focus on the historical story behind the invention and questions if Thomas Edison was the true inventor. Topics explored include: how the electric light globe works; ...

Moving Image

How to smell like a Norman knight

The Normans were descended from Vikings who took control of the part of France we call Normandy. Norman knights conquered England following the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Discover what life was like for boys aiming to become Norman knights, including what they ate, drank and learnt, and how often their clothes were washed.

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A wire through the heart

This is a multi-layered website produced by the National Sound and Film Archive about the building of a telegraph line across the continent that linked Australia to the world. The website utilises clips and information from the film 'A wire through the heart'. There are sections on the film; chronology; people; linking ...

Moving Image

Trebuchets and sieges

In medieval wars the trebuchet and other siege engines were used to attack castles and destroy defences. Trebuchets catapulted huge boulders, smashing down walls. They could also be used to fire diseased bodies and dead animals into a besieged castle or walled city.

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Knights

Who were medieval knights? How did you become a knight and what did a knight have to do? A medieval knight didn't just ride about on a war horse in shiny armour, go on crusade or joust in a tournament. Medieval knights had important responsibilities and duties to carry out.

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: David Syme

Investigate newspaper editor and proprietor David Syme's role in Federation. Examine two different types of biographies of Syme: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in the 'Biography: Federation people' series.

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Using a portable pedal wireless in 1946

This is a 1946 black-and-white photograph showing a man operating a Traeger Pedal Radio. He is seated under large gum trees on a riverbank with a truck close by.

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: Richard O'Connor

Investigate Richard O'Connor's role in the move towards Federation. Examine two different types of biographies of O'Connor: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in the 'Biography: Federation people' series.

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Ben Hall's revolver

This is a Colt 1849 Pocket Model revolver used by the Australian bushranger Ben Hall. It is a .31 calibre, five-shot revolver with a 5-inch (12.7-centimetre) barrel and was probably made in late 1855. The initials 'BH' have been carved into the gun handle. The revolver itself forms part of the collection of the National ...

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: John Watson

Investigate the role of the first Labor prime minister, John (Chris) Watson, in the events leading up to, and following, Federation. Examine two different types of biographies of Watson: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a ...

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: Bernhard Wise

Investigate the role played by Bernhard Wise in the events leading up to, and following, Federation in Australia. Examine two different types of biographies of Wise: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in ...

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Bomb damage in Darwin, 1942

This is a black-and-white photograph showing damage from a Japanese bomb attack to an oil storage site on Stokes Hill, above Darwin harbour, in the Northern Territory in 1942. There appear to be two plumes of black smoke billowing from the site, indicating two large oil tanks have been hit. On the left-hand side of the ...

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Bomb site in Darwin, 1942

This is a black-and-white photograph of a group of six Australian soldiers at a bomb site in Darwin, Northern Territory, in 1942. The actual location in Darwin is unidentified. A sign in the foreground says 'DANGER LIVE BOMB', and one of the men is crouching or standing in what could be a bomb crater.

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Boats and supplies at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli, 1915

This is a sepia-toned photograph of Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey taken in early June 1915. Boats and barges are moored at several temporary pontoon piers. On the shore are many soldiers, a row of guns and several barrels. The photograph measures 17.1 cm x 27.7 cm.

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: George Turner

Investigate the Victorian premier and Commonwealth treasurer George Turner's role in Federation. Examine two different types of biographies of Turner: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in the 'Biography: ...