History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

Relationships between rulers and ruled in ONE Italian city-state such as Florence or Naples (ACDSEH057)

Elaborations
  • explaining the influence of the Medici family in Florence as bankers and merchants, and their patronage of the arts
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Renaissance,  Italian history,  City-states,  Oligarchy

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Shoguns rule Japan with iron fists

Who were the shoguns and how did they rule Japan? In Japanese history, the time from about 1600 to 1868 is called the Edo period. In 1600, after centuries of wars, Japan came under the control of shoguns from the Tokugawa clan. They continued to rule until 1868, when they were overthrown. View this clip to discover how ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: democracy timeline

Use a timeline to find information about significant events and ideas in the development and evolution of democracy in the world, focusing on Australia. Nominate specific years or scroll from the latest date back to 0 (where events dated BC are listed).

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The end of Japan's isolation

Under the shoguns, Japan was deliberately isolated from the outside world from around 1600 CE. However, by the mid-19th century, Western imperialism was entering a new phase of expansion that no Asian state was able to resist. Discover what happened when the West came beating on the doors of a closed society. This clip ...

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Japan's shoguns keep everyone in their places

What was the status of each social class in shogunate Japan? During the period from around 1600 to 1868, Japan was a feudal society. As in medieval Europe, each group had its place in a strict social order. Watch this clip to discover the roles of each group during the age when the Tokugawa shoguns ruled the country. This ...

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Systems of Exchange and Trade

This short (4 minute) video offers an overview of the history of world trade, focusing on the beginnings during the time of agrarian civilisations. The four great civilisations of the Romans, the Kushans, the Parthians and the Han Chinese were the key players, with their development of roads, ports and coin systems. The ...

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Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

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How to smell like a Norman knight

The Normans were descended from Vikings who took control of the part of France we call Normandy. Norman knights conquered England following the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Discover what life was like for boys aiming to become Norman knights, including what they ate, drank and learnt, and how often their clothes were washed.

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Australian gold diggings, c1855

This is an oil painting measuring 70.5 cm x 90.3 cm, painted about 1855 by Edwin Stocqueler (1829-1895), showing men working on the Bendigo gold field in Victoria. The men are panning, puddling and cradling for gold on both sides of a stream in a tent-dotted valley. The valley is stark, with only a few trees remaining. ...

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Tokugawa shogunate is overthrown

How did Japan's Tokugawa shogunate come to an end? The entry of the US fleet into Tokyo Bay in 1853 and the events that followed exposed the shogunate's policy of isolation as a potential threat to the country. Western influence, and Japan's response to it, would have an enormous impact on the country's future. This clip ...

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Rebuilding a Shinto shrine

Witness the dedication of the followers of Shinto, Japan's ancient and unique religious tradition. Shinto means 'the way of the spirits', and it grew out of older beliefs that spirits inhabit mountains, forests and other natural places. Watch this clip from 2007 to see a 1,300-year-old Shinto tradition in central Japan.

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The Battle of Hastings, again!

How was England changed forever by one battle in 1066? In that year, a Norman army led by Duke William of Normandy sailed to England and defeated the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings. Visit the site of the battle during a re-enactment by medieval history buffs. This is the first of two clips.

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Dirty tricks in 1066

How was William of Normandy able to defeat the Saxon army of Harold Godwinson in 1066 and become the king of England? The Norman's victory at Hastings marked the beginning of their complete conquest of England over the following few years. Discover the tactics of both sides in the Battle of Hastings. This clip is the second ...

Video

Naming of the Federal Capital of Australia, 1913: Telegraphists spread the news

This black-and-white silent clip from 12 March 1913 shows telegraphists and other individuals crowded into a temporary structure telegraphing news of the ceremony to name Canberra to Sydney, New South Wales. The intertitle, with typing error, announces that the telegraphists shown sitting behind their keyboards, wearing ...

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Why did civilisations expand?

This short video offers an overview of why civilisations expanded, by looking at the past for commonalities and patterns. The need to expand is one such pattern with massive empires growing then collapsing. Expansion was necessary to pay for increasing infrastructure, government and the military, and internal resources ...

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Naming of the Federal Capital of Australia: The Ceremony, 1913: Lord Denman, governor-general

This silent black-and-white clip shows governor-general Lord Denman at the ceremony to name Canberra on 12 March 1913. Lord Denman is seen arriving on horseback and then laying one of the foundation stones for the 'Commencement Column', flanked by prime minister Andrew Fisher, in ceremonial black coat and silk hat, and ...

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General Post Office, Brisbane, c1886

This is a black-and-white illustration of the General Post Office in Queen Street, Brisbane, Queensland, c1886. It shows some people outside the building, and others travelling past in a double-decker horse-drawn tram.

Interactive Resource

EnviroNorth: outback mobs learning module

This is a multilayered website about the outback. It includes an interactive tool titled Outback Mobs and a unit of work for teachers. The unit of work includes a teaching guide; curriculum links; and a bookshelf listing non-fiction and narrative books about the pastoral industry in northern Australia. The interactive component ...

Video

Duke and Duchess of York arriving at Parliament House, Canberra, 1927

This is an excerpt from a 1934 black-and-white documentary film titled 'Canberra, Australia's Federal Capital'. Taken on 9 May 1927, the original silent footage of the provisional Parliament House and the arrival of the Duke and Duchess of York in a horse-drawn carriage is accompanied in this documentary by a male voice ...

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Pacific Islanders operating a sugar-processing machine, 1886-88

This black-and-white illustration is one of a group of illustrations captioned 'Sugar industry near Mackay' and shows a group of indentured Pacific Islanders, five males and two females, working on a sugar-cane farm. The illustration comes from the 'Picturesque atlas of Australasia'. The group is shown feeding raw sugar ...

Video

Progress of Sydney in 1930

This is an excerpt from a silent black-and-white documentary of 1930 entitled 'The progress of Sydney'. The excerpt is introduced by the intertitle 'From Bush and Scrubland to the Fourth City in the British Empire within a period of 140 years … Is not this a record of progress?' This is followed by a scene showing commuters ...