History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

Theories about the decline of the Shogunate, including modernisation and westernisation, through the adoption of Western arms and technology (ACDSEH065)

Elaborations
  • describing internal pressures in shogunate Japan (for example, the rise of a commercial class at the expense of the samurai, peasant uprisings such as Osaka 1837, and famine)
  • describing the increasing exposure to Western technology and ideas (for example, the establishment of a naval school with Dutch instructors, the translation of Western books)
  • evaluating the significance of the Meiji Restoration of 1868 AD (CE) that restored imperial rule to Japan
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
Cross-curriculum priorities
ScOT terms

Acculturation,  Shogunates,  Japanese history,  Political power,  Modernisation

Moving Image

The end of Japan's isolation

Under the shoguns, Japan was deliberately isolated from the outside world from around 1600 CE. However, by the mid-19th century, Western imperialism was entering a new phase of expansion that no Asian state was able to resist. Discover what happened when the West came beating on the doors of a closed society. This clip ...

Moving Image

Tokugawa shogunate is overthrown

How did Japan's Tokugawa shogunate come to an end? The entry of the US fleet into Tokyo Bay in 1853 and the events that followed exposed the shogunate's policy of isolation as a potential threat to the country. Western influence, and Japan's response to it, would have an enormous impact on the country's future. This clip ...

Teacher resource

Black ships and samurai: Commodore Perry and the opening of Japan, 1853-54

This is a collection of online materials focusing on US Commodore Matthew Perry's two expeditions to force the opening of Japan as seen through American and Japanese eyes. The materials are in two parts. Black ships and samurai I consists of an illustrated essay by Professor John Dower. Black ships and samurai II (see dropdown ...

Interactive Resource

The Black Ship Scroll

This is a collection showing two versions of the Black Ship Scroll, a long painted scroll ('emaki') depicting the members of US Commodore Matthew Perry's second expedition to Japan, their ships and their activities. One of the scroll versions shown is the famous 9-metre scroll painted in Shimoda. Animations show the two ...

Collection

Japan under shogun and emperor

This is a collection of 11 digital curriculum resources that focus on Japan in the late Shogunate and early Meiji periods. The collection is grouped into five sections - samurai; people of the late Shogunate and early Meiji periods; scenes in late Shogunate and early Meiji Japan; the 'opening' of Japan; and the Meiji restoration. ...

Moving Image

Shoguns rule Japan with iron fists

Who were the shoguns and how did they rule Japan? In Japanese history, the time from about 1600 to 1868 is called the Edo period. In 1600, after centuries of wars, Japan came under the control of shoguns from the Tokugawa clan. They continued to rule until 1868, when they were overthrown. View this clip to discover how ...

Moving Image

Japan's shoguns keep everyone in their places

What was the status of each social class in shogunate Japan? During the period from around 1600 to 1868, Japan was a feudal society. As in medieval Europe, each group had its place in a strict social order. Watch this clip to discover the roles of each group during the age when the Tokugawa shoguns ruled the country. This ...

Moving Image

How to smell like a Norman knight

The Normans were descended from Vikings who took control of the part of France we call Normandy. Norman knights conquered England following the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Discover what life was like for boys aiming to become Norman knights, including what they ate, drank and learnt, and how often their clothes were washed.

Moving Image

Rebuilding a Shinto shrine

Witness the dedication of the followers of Shinto, Japan's ancient and unique religious tradition. Shinto means 'the way of the spirits', and it grew out of older beliefs that spirits inhabit mountains, forests and other natural places. Watch this clip from 2007 to see a 1,300-year-old Shinto tradition in central Japan.

Still Image

'Miyuki: the imperial outing and hunt', 1600-10

This is a pair of six-fold screens, painted during the Momoyama period (1573-1615) in Japan, depicting chapter 29 of the epic Japanese novel ‘Tale of Genji’. The screens are shown as an enlargeable image. Text onscreen gives detailed information on the history of the novel, the period it was written and an extensive visual ...

Teacher resource

Globetrotters' Japan: people - foreigners on the tourist circuit in Meiji Japan, 1890s

This is a collection of online materials focusing on 19th century photographs of 'traditional' Japanese people, many illustrating aspects of life in the feudal era of Japanese history before 1868. The photographs were intended for international tourists (globetrotters) in the late 1890s. The online materials consist of ...

Video

Mortuary temple of Rameses III

This is a colour clip showing the huge mortuary temple of Rameses III at Medinet Habu near Thebes. The remains of the temple, designed to commemorate the pharaoh's reign and be used for his worship after death, are shown in close-up and described in detail in the voice-over. Beginning with decorated exterior walls depicting ...

Image

Bomb site in Darwin, 1942

This is a black-and-white photograph of a group of six Australian soldiers at a bomb site in Darwin, Northern Territory, in 1942. The actual location in Darwin is unidentified. A sign in the foreground says 'DANGER LIVE BOMB', and one of the men is crouching or standing in what could be a bomb crater.

Teacher resource

Globetrotters' Japan: places - foreigners on the tourist circuit in Meiji Japan, 1890s - essay by Allen Hockley

This is a collection of online materials that centre on a richly illustrated historical essay about the places in Japan visited by 'globetrotters' (international tourists) in the late 1890s. Linked to various sections of the essay are a complete tourist guide of the time, advertisements from the guide, a map of Japan with ...

Image

Queen Elizabeth II and prime minister Menzies, 1954

This is a black-and-white photograph of Queen Elizabeth II with prime minister Robert Menzies at an official function during the royal visit to Australia in 1954. The photograph shows Menzies escorting the Queen at the state banquet in her honour at (Old) Parliament House, Canberra, on 16 February 1954. The Queen wears ...

Teacher resource

Yokohama boomtown: foreigners in treaty-port Japan, 1859-72 - essay by John Dower

This is a richly illustrated historical essay about the consequences of the opening of Japan to the West and how the Japanese viewed foreigners at treaty ports such as Yokohama. Linked to various sections of the essay and making up the collection of online materials are: a companion set of materials entitled 'Black ships ...

Teacher resource

Globetrotters' Japan: people - foreigners on the tourist circuit in Meiji Japan, 1890s - essay by Allen Hockley

This is a collection of online materials that centre on a richly illustrated historical essay about how Japanese people were represented in photographs intended for the tourist (globetrotter) market of the late 1890s. Linked to various sections of the essay are a video, materials about places on the globetrotters' itinerary ...

Image

Rally against Racism, Melbourne, 1996

This is a black-and-white photograph measuring 16 cm x 21 cm, taken by Joyce Evans in December 1996 in the Treasury Gardens, Melbourne, of children taking part in the Rally against Racism. There are three children in the picture, two of whom are carrying placards referring to their Honduran origins. One of the placards ...

Teacher resource

Yokohama boomtown: foreigners in treaty-port Japan, 1859-72

This is a collection of online materials depicting the lives of foreigners in the treaty port of Yokohama, as seen or imagined by artists in the early decades of the modern era in Japan. The materials consist of an illustrated essay by Professor John Dower; ten sets of Japanese woodblock prints; an animation of the stages ...

Image

Bob Hawke at a Canberra 'dismissal' rally, 1975 - asset 2

This is a black-and-white photograph of Bob Hawke, then President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) and National President of the Australian Labor Party (ALP), speaking at a rally to protest the dismissal of the Whitlam government by the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr.