History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

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Curriculum content descriptions

The way of life in ONE Polynesian society, including social, cultural, economic and political features, such as the role of the ariki in Maori and in Rapa Nui society (Easter Island) (ACDSEH066)

Elaborations
  • describing the way of life of Easter Island (Rapa Nui) society (for example, fishing by the men, links between the household and the extended clan through the exchange of goods, wives and labour; the use of stone tools)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
  • Personal and social capability Personal and social capability
  • Ethical understanding Ethical understanding
ScOT terms

Oligarchy,  Social history,  Lifestyles,  Māori history,  Pacific Island history

Interactive Resource

Syllabus Bites: The Polynesian expansion

This resource is a webpage with information, study guide and resources on Polynesian and Maori history.

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Fire and agriculture

This resource is a website about the historical and current use of fire to prepare land for hunting and farming in New Zealand. The home page contains a summary of the use of fire by Maori, the different practices adopted by European settlers on the North and South Islands and the resulting environmental impacts. There ...

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Nga tupu mai i Hawaiki - plants from Polynesia

This resource is a website about the food cultivation practices of the Maori. It describes the adaptation of the traditional Polynesian plant types and practices to the cooler New Zealand climate. It includes detailed information about the different plant foods which were cultivated, their origins and the ways in which ...

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Defining moments in Australian History

This extensive web-based resource examines events, people and places of profound significance to the Australian people and their personal, community and national histories. The resource includes a list of 100 'defining moments' identified by historians supported by background information, images, video and links to the ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: democracy timeline

Use a timeline to find information about significant events and ideas in the development and evolution of democracy in the world, focusing on Australia. Nominate specific years or scroll from the latest date back to 0 (where events dated BC are listed).

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: Edmund Barton

Find out more about Edmund Barton, Australia's first prime minister and drafter of the constitution. Examine two different types of biographies of Barton: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in the 'Biography: ...

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: Alfred Deakin

Find out more about Alfred Deakin, the second prime minister of Australia and Federation leader. Examine two different types of biographies of Deakin: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in the 'Biography: ...

Interactive resource

Biography: Federation people: Henry Parkes

Find out why Sir Henry Parkes is called 'the Father of Federation'. Examine two different types of biographies of Parkes: one short and the other more detailed. Inspect examples of how he was visually depicted in his time. This learning object is one in a series of objects in the 'Biography: Federation people' series.

Interactive resource

Making a difference: Vincent Lingiari

Explore perspectives on Australia’s Indigenous heritage through photos and text about Vincent Lingiari. Trace his story, including the leadership of the Wave Hill walk-off and the struggle for land rights. Consider the hardship endured by Indigenous peoples living on Wave Hill cattle station. Investigate barriers Lingiari ...

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Good and bad medicine in Medieval Europe

How sophisticated was medical practice in Medieval Europe? In this clip, learn about common forms of diagnosis and cures for ailments in the 14th century. And brace yourself for a medieval-style amputation; it's not pretty. This clip is one in a series of five.

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Heritage sites in Australia

This is a collection of digital curriculum resources focusing on 26 places on the National Heritage List in Australia. Some have been listed for natural values, others for historical values and still others for cultural values. Ten of the sites shown have also been inscribed on the World Heritage List for both natural and ...

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Australian gold diggings, c1855

This is an oil painting measuring 70.5 cm x 90.3 cm, painted about 1855 by Edwin Stocqueler (1829-1895), showing men working on the Bendigo gold field in Victoria. The men are panning, puddling and cradling for gold on both sides of a stream in a tent-dotted valley. The valley is stark, with only a few trees remaining. ...

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Whadjuk country

Ever wondered what life was like for the traditional owners of Perth before the British arrived in 1829? Whadjuk [pronounced wod-JUK] Noongar Elder and ambassador Dr Noel Nannup talks about traditional Whadjuk ways of life and key cultural places in Perth, and he teaches us the Noongar words for some Perth suburbs (such ...

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Shoguns rule Japan with iron fists

Who were the shoguns and how did they rule Japan? In Japanese history, the time from about 1600 to 1868 is called the Edo period. In 1600, after centuries of wars, Japan came under the control of shoguns from the Tokugawa clan. They continued to rule until 1868, when they were overthrown. View this clip to discover how ...

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How to smell like a Norman knight

The Normans were descended from Vikings who took control of the part of France we call Normandy. Norman knights conquered England following the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Discover what life was like for boys aiming to become Norman knights, including what they ate, drank and learnt, and how often their clothes were washed.

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Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

Teacher resource

Voyage to the Pacific

This is a unit of work about the origin and spread of the peoples of the Pacific Island countries. Intended for years 7 and 8, the resource consists of four single- or multi-lesson activities, titled Pacific Islander people, Evidence of voyages, Alternative views, and Valuing knowledge. Student activities include mapping; ...

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Japan's shoguns keep everyone in their places

What was the status of each social class in shogunate Japan? During the period from around 1600 to 1868, Japan was a feudal society. As in medieval Europe, each group had its place in a strict social order. Watch this clip to discover the roles of each group during the age when the Tokugawa shoguns ruled the country. This ...

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The end of Japan's isolation

Under the shoguns, Japan was deliberately isolated from the outside world from around 1600 CE. However, by the mid-19th century, Western imperialism was entering a new phase of expansion that no Asian state was able to resist. Discover what happened when the West came beating on the doors of a closed society. This clip ...

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Tokugawa shogunate is overthrown

How did Japan's Tokugawa shogunate come to an end? The entry of the US fleet into Tokyo Bay in 1853 and the events that followed exposed the shogunate's policy of isolation as a potential threat to the country. Western influence, and Japan's response to it, would have an enormous impact on the country's future. This clip ...