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History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

When, how and why the Spanish arrived in the Americas, and where they went, including the various societies and geographical features they encountered (ACDSEH073)

Elaborations
  • explaining the arrival of Spanish conquistadores in Mexico and Peru from 1510 AD (CE) (Balboa) to 1531 (Pizarro), and their reasons (for example, seeking wealth, claiming land for their king, converting the local populations to Christianity, sense of adventure)
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Landforms,  Exploration,  American history,  Mexican history,  Peruvian history,  First contact,  Spanish history

Video

Show me the evidence: finding proof of the Inca

Do you have a time machine? If not, how can you be certain that your understanding of history is correct? In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers what is known about the Inca Empire. He acknowledges there is much that we can't be sure of. This clip is ...

Online

The mighty Aztecs

Who were the MÄ“xihcah? Discover the rich and brutal history of the Aztec culture and the birth of Modern Mexico.

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Unmasking the Maya: preserving the culture

This resource is chiefly about the preservation of the Maya culture in the USA. It covers the Maya Indians today, the rich ancient Maya culture that existed from 500 BCE to 1519 CE, when the Spanish conquered them, and those Maya who emigrate today to the USA in search of a better life. The resource presents the Monkey ...

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Mother Mekong

Discover the connections between people and ancient temples hidden along the mighty Mekong River. Find out how long the temple Wat Phu (Vat Phou) has been a place of worship. Consider the spiritual value of this river, which provides more than sustenance and money.

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Damming the free and mighty Mekong

The Mekong has been a rare thing: a largely untouched and free-flowing river. Stretching for nearly 5,000 km from the mountains of Tibet to Vietnam's Mekong Delta, it has provided a way of life for millions of people and been an important trading route between south-western China and south-eastern Asia. In this clip from ...

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Power is money on the the Mekong

Discover why the Lao Government plans to build a hydropower dam at Xayaboury (Xayaburi) on the Mekong River and how neighbouring countries might react. The Mekong River Commission is attempting to maintain a balance for all users of the river. Find out why this is a difficult and complex task.

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Scientists in Antarctica

Explore the driest, windiest, coldest place on Earth. Discover why scientists flock to Antarctica every year. This clip explains how studying the tiny bubbles buried in the Antarctic ice can teach us about what the Earth was like long ago.

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Eucalypts in Africa: small-scale farming

With their hard, waxy leaves and iconic 'gum nuts', eucalypts (or gum trees, as they are better known) are widespread and well known to most Australians. But most Australians probably don't realise that the eucalypt is now the most widely cultivated forest tree in the world. See how the humble eucalypt is taking root in ...

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Yarning with the Russians

A Russian trade delegation is visiting Australia in search of high quality wool. This is to meet an increasing demand for fine wool products that is being driven by rising affluence in Russia. We once had a strong wool trade with the Soviet Union. Can we build trade with Russia?

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Why are coral reefs important?

Coral reefs contain a high biodiversity of marine life and they're vital natural assets for coastal communities and cultures. In this clip you will hear from a panel of scientific and community experts as they discuss the importance of coral reefs to billions of people around the world. Discover some perspectives on the ...

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Wild rivers conundrum

Whether to develop or conserve is a common dilemma across the Australian landscape, and opinions are divided on the issue of Queensland's Wild Rivers legislation. The state government is considering a repeal of this legislation, which protects a number of important river catchments.

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Re-creation of Shackleton's Antarctic survival

In 1914 Ernest Shackleton and his crew set out on an expedition to cross Antarctica via the South Pole. But things went horribly wrong when their ship was crushed by ice on the way. In this news clip, witness an Australian scientist about to set out with five others to re-create Shackleton's remarkable journey of survival, ...

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Engineering clean rivers

Figuring out how to clean up contaminated rivers is a big challenge. It's also tricky to work out where the most contaminated parts of a river system are and whether its fish are safe to eat. Watch this video and learn how engineering has helped to solve these problems. Why do you think engineers looked to the bottom of ...

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Hawkesbury River: tourism and river health

The Hawkesbury-Nepean river catchment provides a useful example of river management issues. This clip shows conservationist canoeists completing their journey along the Hawkesbury River in the 'Source to Sea' project. See what's being done to protect a fragile ecosystem of the river: seagrass. Find out how increased demand ...

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Eucalypts in Africa: timber and tea

Australian eucalypts (gum trees) are a useful plantation timber. In this clip you will see how people and places can be interconnected. Find out how Finlays' tea estate in Kenya uses wood from Australian eucalypts to power its production.

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Famine and aid: Ethiopia

The Live Aid concert in 1985 drew attention to Ethiopia's terrible drought and famine. When this clip was made decades later in 2008, the developing nation was still experiencing widespread hunger. See how charitable aid can impact on the lives of those in less developed countries.

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Cocoon: silk connections

Have you ever seen a silk cocoon? This clip shows how some creative thinking and an international partnership have helped a silk farm in Western Australia transform its cocoons into silk on the market.

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Yucatán Peninsula: Cancún-style tourism

See what has made south-eastern Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula, and in particular its city of Cancún, a popular tourist destination. Listen to different viewpoints on large-scale tourism in the region - one that presents its economic benefits and others that point to its environmental impacts.

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Bardi Jawi Rangers: caring for country

Join Dwayne and Trevor as they show us around their 'office', which must have some of the best views in Australia! They are Bardi Jawi Rangers, working hard to care for country on the Dampier Peninsula in the West Kimberley. See the spectacular landscape they work in and hear why Dwayne and Trevor love their jobs.

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Girls in knitted bathers at the Yarra River, 1942

This is a sepia photograph showng Alma and Pauline Leibig by the Yarra River at Warrandyte in the hills outside Melbourne in 1942. Pauline and her sister are wearing knitted bathers. They are holding hands and smiling at the camera.