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History / Year 8 / Historical Knowledge and Understanding

View on Australian Curriculum website Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority
Curriculum content descriptions

The nature of the interaction between the Spanish and the indigenous populations, with a particular focus on either the Aztecs OR Incas (ACDSEH074)

Elaborations
  • describing encounters between Hernán Cortés and the Aztecs, as well as the siege of Tenochtitlan
General capabilities
  • Critical and creative thinking Critical and creative thinking
  • Intercultural understanding Intercultural understanding
ScOT terms

Imperialism,  American history,  Mexican history,  Peruvian history,  Cultural imperialism

Video

Defeat of the Inca Empire Conquistador

Imagine a thriving society: food is abundant, roads connect cities replete with gold and silver, and large and powerful armies protect the rulers of millions of citizens. In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers how such a successful society was subdued ...

Online

The mighty Aztecs

Who were the Mēxihcah? Discover the rich and brutal history of the Aztec culture and the birth of Modern Mexico.

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Unmasking the Maya: preserving the culture

This resource is chiefly about the preservation of the Maya culture in the USA. It covers the Maya Indians today, the rich ancient Maya culture that existed from 500 BCE to 1519 CE, when the Spanish conquered them, and those Maya who emigrate today to the USA in search of a better life. The resource presents the Monkey ...

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Objects through timeline: 50,000 years before present

This is a 26-page fact sheet that provides a comprehensive overview of migration to Australia from the first arrival of humans to 2006. It includes details about the major waves of international and internal migration, key events and policies, and individuals and groups that have made significant contributions to the development ...

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Memory in 'My Place'

Sally Morgan's autobiography, 'My Place', recounts the experiences of the author, her mother and her grandmother. Why do the panellists in this video think it is such an important book? What issues does it address?

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Living the past: historian at Sovereign Hill

At Victoria's Sovereign Hill outdoor museum, visitors are taken back in time to the time of a famous gold rush. It's critical that the museum accurately represents that period's technology, architecture, clothing, food and lifestyle. Join Senior Historian Jan Croggon as she describes her work at Sovereign Hill and shares ...

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Outback House - travelling to the homestead

Imagine leaving your home to travel back to a time over 150 years ago, to live and work on an outback farm. Sixteen Australians take part in a reality TV show about life on Oxley Downs, a sheep station built to look and work as a real station would have in the 1860s. Join the women and children as they arrive at the station ...

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The seeds of independence in British-ruled India

Discover the origins of the movement for Indian independence and the response of the British government. In this clip from a 1965 University of the Air program, Hugh Owen of the University of NSW discusses how British rule unintentionally brought about its own demise.

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Governor Arthur Phillip and the Eora

Governor Arthur Phillip was the first governor of New South Wales. His treatment of the indigenous Aboriginal people was initially friendly as he made efforts to get to know the Sydney Eora Aboriginal people. These early gestures though, were undermined by the displacement of Aboriginal people further inland to make room ...

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Ashoka the Great is for real

Imagine the excitement of discovering evidence that a great ancient ruler, whose story was believed to be a legend, was in fact a real historical figure. This clip looks at the Mauryan Empire in ancient India and the reign of Ashoka the Great, one of the most remarkable rulers in world history. This clip is the first in ...

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Early encounters between European colonisers and First Australians

The arrival of Endeavour on the east coast of Australia was a pivotal moment in the long history of the continent, especially for the First Australians. It was this voyage that ultimately led to the British decision to colonise Australia and send the First Fleet . How has this decision impacted Aboriginal and Torres Strait ...

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Show me the evidence: finding proof of the Inca

Do you have a time machine? If not, how can you be certain that your understanding of history is correct? In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers what is known about the Inca Empire. He acknowledges there is much that we can't be sure of. This clip is ...

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Shipwrecked off 'New Holland'

Nicolas Baudin and Matthew Flinders are ready to take their maps and discoveries home. They have been exploring the coasts of 'New Holland' for many months. Both men suffer tragedy on their return voyages. Watch this clip to find out what happens to them.

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Modernising Japan in the Meiji era

The restoration of Emperor Meiji in 1868 ushered in a period of rapid change in Japan. The country not only borrowed practices and technologies from Western countries, in less than forty years it too had become an imperialist power. This clip is fifth in a series of six.

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What letters and land titles tell us of the past

How do historians determine whether information about the early years of colonial life in Australia is reliable? Many official and personal documents have survived to tell us about this period in Australia's history. Listen to a diary account about a surgeon (doctor) visiting sick convict labourers in chains. This clip ...

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1860s Colonial life

No TV. No electricity. No running water. No car. Imagine living on sheep stations in New South Wales in the 1860s.

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Influences on Australian English

How has Australian English evolved since colonisation? Language experts Bruce Moore and Sue Butler explore the impact that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages have had on it. They discuss what this means for Australia's cultural identity. This clip was broadcast in 1998.

Online

Indigenous Stories about War and Invasion

This is a website about Indigenous experiences of invasion and war during the British invasion, World War I and World War II. The resource is presented in three sections: Introductory information; Story Objects; and Story Education Resources. There are eight story objects that tell the stories of individuals, events and ...

Online

The gold rush

This collection of 5 activities explores life on the NSW and Victorian goldfields in the 1850's. Using primary sources from the State Library of NSW's collection (diaries, artwork and a satirical cartoon), students investigate the everyday activities of the gold sush. Read an eyewitness account of the first gold escort ...

Online

Significant Individuals - Governor Macquarie

In this sequence of two learning activities, explore the life of Governor Macquarie as a significant person in history. Students examine events, people, politics economics, social structures and settlement patterns of the colonial period. Video content and links to the State Library of NSW's artefacts are used to support ...